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2010 | 57 | 2 | 185-191
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Influence of 4-hydroxynonenal and spleen cells on primary hepatocyte culture and a novel liver-derived cell line resembling hepatocyte stem cells

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Liver is a unique mammalian organ with a great capacity of regeneration related to its function. After surgical resection or injury, hepatic cells, especially hepatocytes, can proliferate rapidly to repair the damage and to regenerate the structure without affecting the function of the liver. Loss of catalase activity during regeneration indicates that oxidative stress is present in the liver not only in pathological conditions but also as a 'physiological' factor during regeneration. As we have shown in our previous work, liver stem cell-like cells treated with 4-hydroxynonenal (HNE), a cytotoxic and growth regulating lipid peroxidation product, recover in the presence of spleen cells. In the current study we characterized this novel cell line as liver-derived progenitor/oval-like cells, (LDP/OCs), i.e. functional liver stem-like cells. We showed that LDP/OC were OV6 positive, with abundant glycogen content in the cytoplasm and expressed α-fetoprotein, albumin, biliverdin reductase and γ-glutamyl transferase. Also, we compared their growth in vitro with the growth of cultured primary hepatocytes stressed with HNE and co-cultured with autologous spleen cells. The influence of spleen cells on HNE-treated primary hepatocytes and on LDP/OCs showed that spleen cells support in a similar manner the recovery of both types of liver cells indicating their important role in regeneration. Hence, LDP/OC cells may provide a valuable tool to study cell interactions and the role on HNE in liver regeneration.
Physical description
  • Division of Molecular Medicine, Rudjer Boskovic Institute, Zagreb, Croatia
  • Division of Molecular Medicine, Rudjer Boskovic Institute, Zagreb, Croatia
  • Division of Molecular Medicine, Rudjer Boskovic Institute, Zagreb, Croatia
  • Department of Cell Biology, University of Salzburg, Salzburg, Austria
  • Department of Surgery, University Hospital Sestre milosrdnice, Zagreb, Croatia
  • Division of Molecular Medicine, Rudjer Boskovic Institute, Zagreb, Croatia
  • Division of Molecular Medicine, Rudjer Boskovic Institute, Zagreb, Croatia
  • Department of Pathology, Medical Faculty, Clinical Hospital Centre Zagreb, Zagreb, Croatia
  • Department of Pathology, Medical Faculty, Clinical Hospital Centre Zagreb, Zagreb, Croatia
  • Division of Molecular Medicine, Rudjer Boskovic Institute, Zagreb, Croatia
  • Department of Pathology, Medical Faculty, Clinical Hospital Centre Zagreb, Zagreb, Croatia
  • Department of Cell Biology, University of Salzburg, Salzburg, Austria
  • Division of Molecular Medicine, Rudjer Boskovic Institute, Zagreb, Croatia
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