Effect of carboxymethylated pyridoindoles on free radical-induced haemolysis of rat erythrocytes in vitro
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Recently novel carboxymethylated pyridoindoles, analogues of the efficient chain-breaking antioxidant stobadine, have been designed, synthesised and characterised as bifunctional compounds with joint antioxidant/aldose reductase inhibitory activities with the potential of preventing diabetic complications. The critical property for the efficacy of the novel aldose reductase inhibitors in vivo is their ability to penetrate into target tissues. In this study, the issue was addressed by measuring the antioxidant activity of compounds 1 [(2-benzyl-2,3,4,5-tetrahydro-1H-pyrido[4,3-b]indole-8-yl)-acetic acid] and 2 [(±)-2-benzyl-(4a,9b)-cis-1,2,3,4,4a,9b-hexahydro-1H-pyrido[4,3-b] indole-8-yl acetic acid] in the cellular system of intact erythrocytes exposed to peroxyl radicals generated by thermal degradation of the azoinitiator 2,2'-azobis(2-amidinopropane) hydrochloride (AAPH) in vitro. Isolated washed rat erythrocytes were incubated in the presence of the azoinitiator AAPH and the compounds tested for increasing periods of time up to 4 h at 37 °C. The degree of haemolysis was determined by absorbance of the haemoglobin released. The onset of AAPH-induced haemolysis was found to be shifted from the starting zero point by the time interval assigned as a lag period. In the presence of the compounds studied the lag period was prolonged significantly. The free radical-initiated haemolysis was retarded by the compounds studied with decreasing efficiency: stobadine > compound 1 ~ Trolox > compound 2. The results have demonstrated an antioxidant activity of the novel carboxymethylated pyridoindoles developed as potential agents for multitarget pharmacology of diabetic complications.
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