Selenium supplementation to chronic kidney disease patients on hemodialysis does not induce the synthesis of plasma glutathione peroxidase
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Background: Numerous authors have shown that selenium (Se) concentration and glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px) activity in plasma of chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients are lower than in healthy subjects, but there are only few publications on the level of GSH-Px protein in those patients and no reports on the effect of Se supplementation to HD patients on the level of this enzyme. Subjects and Methods: Se concentration and GSH-Px protein level in plasma were measured in a group of 30 CKD patients on hemodialysis (HD) supplemented with 200 µg Se/day for 3 months, and 28 patients on HD administered with placebo. Se concentration was measured by graphite furnace atomic absorption spectrometry and plasma GSH-Px protein level by the sandwich ELISA method using polyclonal antibody specific for human plasma GSH-Px. Results: Se concentration in patients on placebo did not change throughout the 3-month study period, but increased significantly in Se supplemented group. Se supplementation to CKD patients on HD had no effect on the level of GSH-Px protein. Conclusions: The lack of GSH-Px protein in CKD patients on HD is not linked to Se deficiency since the level of this element increased after Se supplementation while enzyme protein level did not change. The damaged kidney of HD patients is unable to synthesize GSH-Px, even after induction with selenium.
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