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2007 | 54 | 3 | 469-482
Article title

Bacterial DNA repair genes and their eukaryotic homologues: 4. The role of nucleotide excision DNA repair (NER) system in mammalian cells

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Abstracts
EN
The eukaryotic cell encounters more than one million various kinds of DNA lesions per day. The nucleotide excision repair (NER) pathway is one of the most important repair mechanisms that removes a wide spectrum of different DNA lesions. NER operates through two sub pathways: global genome repair (GGR) and transcription-coupled repair (TCR). GGR repairs the DNA damage throughout the entire genome and is initiated by the HR23B/XPC complex, while the CSB protein-governed TCR process removes DNA lesions from the actively transcribed strand. The sequence of events and the role of particular NER proteins are currently being extensively discussed. NER proteins also participate in other cellular processes like replication, transcription, chromatin maintenance and protein turnover. Defects in NER underlay severe genetic disorders: xeroderma pigmentosum (XP), Cockayne syndrome (CS) and trichothiodystrophy (TTD).
Publisher

Year
Volume
54
Issue
3
Pages
469-482
Physical description
Dates
published
2007
received
2007-05-23
revised
2007-06-01
accepted
2007-09-12
(unknown)
2007-09-23
Contributors
  • Molecular Biology Department, Institute of Biochemistry and Biophysics, Polish Academy of Sciences, Warszawa, Poland
  • Institute of Genetics and Biotechnology, Faculty of Biology, Warsaw University, Warszawa, Poland
author
  • Molecular Biology Department, Institute of Biochemistry and Biophysics, Polish Academy of Sciences, Warszawa, Poland
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