Preferences help
enabled [disable] Abstract
Number of results
2006 | 53 | 4 | 693-708
Article title

The structure, functions and degradation of pigment-binding proteins of photosystem II

Title variants
Languages of publication
Eleven proteins belonging to photosystem II (PSII) bind photosynthetic pigments in the form of thylakoid membrane-associated pigment-protein complexes. Five of them (PsbA, PsbB, PsbC, PsbD and PsbS) are assigned to PSII core complex while the remaining six (Lhcb1, Lhcb2, Lhcb3, Lhcb4, Lhcb5 and Lhcb6) constitute, along with their pigments, functional complexes situated more distantly with regard to P680 - the photochemical center of PSII. The main function of the pigment-binding proteins is to harvest solar energy and deliver it, in the form of excitation energy, ultimately to P680 although individual pigment-proteins may be engaged in other photosynthesis-related processes as well. The aim of this review is to present the current state of knowledge regarding the structure, functions and degradation of this family of proteins.
Physical description
  • Akabori K, Tsukamoto H, Tsukihara J, Nagatsuka T, Motokawa O, Toyoshima Y (1988) Disintegration and reconstitution of photosystem II reaction center core complex. I. Preparation and characterization of three different types of subcomplexes. Biochim Biophys Acta 932: 345-357.
  • Allen KD, Staehelin LA (1992) Biochemical characterization of photosystem II antenna polypeptides in grana and stroma membranes of spinach. Plant Physiol 100: 1517-1526.
  • Allen JF, Forsberg J (2001) Molecular recognition in thylakoid structure and function. Trends Plant Sci 6: 317-326.
  • Anastassiou R, Argyroudi-Akoyunoglou JH (1995) Thylakoid-bound proteolytic activity against LHCII apoprotein in bean. Photosynth Res 43: 241-250.
  • Anderson JM, Andersson B (1988) The dynamic photosynthetic membrane and regulation of solar energy conversion. Trends Biochem Sci 13: 351-355.
  • Andreasson E, Svensson P, Weibull C, Albertsson PA (1988) Separation and characterization of stroma and grana membranes - evidence for heterogeneity in antenna size of both photosystem I and photosystem II. Biochim Biophys Acta 936: 339-350.
  • Anderson J, Walters RG, Horton P, Jansson S (2001) Antisense inhibition of the photosynthetic antenna proteins CP29 and CP26: implications for the mechanism of protective energy dissipation. Plant Cell 13: 1193-1204.
  • Anderson J, Wentworth M, Walters RG, Howard CA, Ruban AV, Horton P, Jansson S (2003) Absence of Lhcb1 and Lhcb2 proteins of the light-harvesting complex of photosystem II - effects on photosynthesis, grana stacking and fitness. Plant J 35: 350-361.
  • Anderssson B, Aro E-M (2001) Photodamage and D1 protein turnover in photosystem II. In Advances in Photosynthesis and Respiration - Regulation of Photosynthesis (Aro E-M, Andersson B, eds) vol 11, pp 377-393. Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht, Boston, London.
  • Andreucci F, Barbato R, Picollo C, Segalla A (2005) Isolation of phosphorylated and dephosphorylated forms of the CP43 internal antenna of photosystem II in Hordeum vulgare L. J Exp Bot 56: 1239-1244.
  • Aspinal O'Dea M, Wentworth M, Pascal A, Robert B, Ruban A, Horton P (2002) In vitro reconstitution of the activated zeaxanthin state associated with energy dissipation in plants. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 99: 16331-1635.
  • Bailey S, Thompson E, Nixon PJ, Horton P, Mullineaux CW, Robinson C, Mann NH (2002) A critical role for the Var2 FtsH homologue of Arabidopsis thaliana in the photosystem II repair cycle in vivo. J Biol Chem 277: 2006-2011.
  • Barber J, Nield J, Morris EP, Zheleva D, Hankamer B (1997) The structure, function and dynamics of photosystem two. Physiol Plant 100: 817-827.
  • Bassi R, Pineau B, Dainese P, Marquardt J (1993) Carotenoid-binding proteins of photosystem II. Eur J Biochem 212: 297-303.
  • Bellafiore S, Barneche F, Peltier ZG, Rochaix J-D (2005) State transitions and light adaptation require chloroplast thylakoid protein kinase STN7. Nature 433: 892-895.
  • Boekema EJ, Hankamer D, Bald D, Kruip J, Nield J, Boonstra AF, Barber J, Rögner M (1995) Supramolecular structure of the photosystem II complex from green plants and cyanobacteria. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 92: 175-179.
  • Boekema EJ, van Roon H, Calkoen F, Bassi R, Dekker JP (1999) Multiple types of association of photosystem II and its light-harvesting antenna in partially solubilized photosystem II membranes. Biochemistry 38: 2233-2239.
  • Bricker TM, Frankel LK (1988) The structure and function of 33 kDa extrinsic protein of photosystem II. A critical review. Photosynth Res 56: 157-173.
  • Bricker TM, Frankel LK (2002) The structure and function of CP47 and CP43 in photosystem II. Photosynth Res 72: 131-146.
  • Caffari S, Croce R, Breton J, Bassi R (2001a) The major antenna complex of photosystem II has a xanthophyll binding site not involved in light harvesting. J Biol Chem 276: 35924-35933.
  • Caffari S, Croce R, Cattivelli L, Bassi R (2001b) The Lhcb1, 2, 3 gene products component the trimeric antenna complex of higher plant photosystem II, have distinct biochemical, spectroscopic properties. PS2001 Proceedings 12th International Congress on Photosynthesis. S31-034. CSIRO Publishing, Melbourne, Australia.
  • Cai D, Herrmann RG, Klösgen RB (1993) The 20 kDa apoprotein of the CP24 complex of photosystem II: an alternative model to study import and intra-organellar routing of nuclear-encoded thylakoid proteins. Plant J 3: 383-392.
  • Callahan FE, Ghirardi ML, Sopory SK, Mehta AM, Edelman M, Mattoo AK (1990) A novel metabolic form of the 32 kDa-D1 protein in the grana-localized reaction center of photosystem II. J Biol Chem 265: 15357-15360.
  • Canovas PM, Barber J (1993) Detection of a 10 kDa breakdown product containing the C-terminus of the D1-protein in photoinhibited wheat leaves suggests an acceptor side mechanism. FEBS Lett 324: 341-344.
  • Carlberg I, Andersson B (1996) Phosphatase activities in spinach thylakoid membranes - effectors, regulation and location. Photosynt Res 47: 145-156.
  • Chow WS, Miller C, Anderson JM (1991) Surface charges, the heterogeneus lateral distribution of the two photosystems, and thylakoid stacking. Biochim Biophys Acta 1057: 69-77.
  • Cinque G, Croce R, Holzwarth A, Bassi R (2000) Energy transfer among CP29 chlorophylls: calculated Förster rates and experimetal transient absorption at room temperature. Biophys J 79: 1706-1716.
  • Croce R, Remelli R, Varotto C, Breton J, Bassi R (1999) The neoxanthin binding sites of the major light harvesting complex (LHCII) from higher plants. FEBS Lett 456: 1-6.
  • Dainese P, Hoyer-Hansen G, Bassi R (1990) The resolution of chlorophyll a/b binding proteins by a preparative method based on flat bed isoelectro focusing. Photochem Photobiol 51: 511-519.
  • Deisenhofer J, Epp O, Miki K, Huber R, Michel H (1985) Structure of the protein subunits in the photosynthetic reaction centre of Rhodopseudomonas viridis at 3.8 Å resolution. Nature 318: 618-624.
  • Dekker JP, van Roon H, Boekema EJ (1999) Heptameric association of light-harvesting complex II trimers in partially solubilized photosystem II membranes. FEBS Lett 449: 211-214.
  • Dekker JP, Garmano M, van Roon H, Boekema E (2002) Photosystem II solubilizes as a monomer by mild detergent treatment of unstacked thylakoid membranes. Photosynth Res 72: 203-210.
  • Depege N, Bellafiore S, Rochaix J-D (2003) Role of chloroplast protein kinase Stt7 in LHCII phosphorylation and state transition in Chlamydomonas. Science 299: 1572-1575.
  • Dominici P, Caffarri S, Armenante F, Ceoldo S, Crimi M, Bassi R (2002) Biochemical properties of the PsbS subunit of photosystem II either purified from chloroplast or recombinant J Biol Chem 277: 22750-22758.
  • Dunsmuir P (1985) The petunia chlorophyll a/b binding protein genes: a comparison of Cab genes from different gene families. Nucleic Acids Res 13: 2503-2518.
  • Eggers B, Vermaas W (1993) Truncation of the D2 protein in Synechocystis sp. PCC 6803: a role of the C-terminal domain of D2 in photosystem II function and stability. Biochemistry 32: 11419-11427.
  • Eshagi S, Andersson B, Barber J (1999) Isolation of highly active PSII-LHCII supercomplex from thylakoid membranes by a direct method. FEBS Lett 446: 23-26.
  • Ferreira KN, Iverson TM, Maghlaoui K, Barber J, Iwata S (2004) Architecture of the photosynthetic oxygen-evolving center. Science 303: 1831-1838.
  • Fulgosi H, Vener AV, Altschmied RG, Herrmann B, Andersson B (1998) A novel multi-functional chloroplast protein: identification of a 40-kDa immunophilin-like protein located in thylakoid lumen. EMBO J 17: 1577-1587.
  • Funk C, Schröder WP, Napiwotzki A, Tjus SE, Regner G, Andersson B (1995) The PSII-S protein of higher plants - a new-type of pigment binding protein. Biochemistry 34: 11133-11141.
  • Gal A, Zer H, Ohad I (1997) Redox-controlled thylakoid protein phosphorylation: news and views. Physiol Plant 100: 869-885.
  • Garcia-Lorenzo M, Żelisko A, Jackowski G, Funk C (2005) Degradation of the main photosystem II light-harvesting complex. Photochem Photobiol Sci 4: 1065-1071.
  • Gradinaru CC, Pascal AA, van Mouric F, Robert B, Horton P, van Grondelle R, van Amerongen H (1998) Ultrafast evolution of the excited states in the chlorophyll a/b complex CP29 from green plants studied by energy-selective pump-probe spectroscopy. Biochemistry 37: 1143-1149.
  • Gradinaru CC, van Stokkum IHM, Pascal AA, van Grondelle R, van Amerongen H (2000) Identifying the pathways of energy transfer between carotenoids and chlorophylls in LHCII and CP29. A Multicolor, Femtosecond Pump-Probe Study. J Phys Chem 104: 9330-9342.
  • Green BR (1982) Protein synthesis by isolated Acetabularia chloroplasts. Synthesis of the two minor chlorophyll a complexes in vitro. Eur J Biochem 128: 543-546.
  • Green BR, Pichersky E, Kloppstech K (1991) Chlorophyll a/b-binding proteins: an extended family. Trends Biochem Sci 16: 181-186.
  • Greenberg BM, Gaba V, Matto AK, Edelman M (1987) Identification of a primary in vivo degradation product of the rapidly-turning-over 32-kd protein of photosystem II. EMBO J 6: 2865-2869.
  • Groot ML, Peterman EJG, van Stokkum IHM, Dekker JP, van Grondelle R (1995) Triplet and fluorescing states of the CP47 antenna complex of photosystem II studied as a function of temperature. Biophys J 68: 281-290.
  • Groot M-L, Frese RN, de Weerd FL, Bromek K, Pettersson A (1999) Spectroscopic properties of the CP43 antenna protein of photosystem II. Biophys J 77: 3328-3340.
  • Hankamer B, Nield J, Zheleva D, Boekema EJ, Jansson S, Barber J (1997) Isolation and biochemical characterization of monomeric and dimeric photosystem II complexes from spinach and their relevance to the organization of photosystem II iv vivo. Eur J Biochem 243: 422-429.
  • Hankamer B, Morris E, Nield J, Gerle C, Barber J (2001) Three-dimensional structure of the photosystem II core dimer of higher plants determined by electron microscopy. J Struct Biol 135: 262-269.
  • Harrer R (2003) Associations between light-harvesting complexes and photosystem II from Marchantia polymorpha L. determined by two- and three-dimensional electron microscopy. Photosynth Res 75: 249-258.
  • Haussuhl K, Andersson B, Adamska I (2001) A chloroplast DegP2 protease performs the primary cleavage of the photodamaged D1 protein in plant photosystem II. EMBO J 20: 713-722.
  • Hemelrijk PW, Kwa SLS, van Grondelle R, Dekker JP (1992) Spectroscopic properties of LHCII the main light-harvesting chlorophyll-a/b protein complex from chloroplast membranes. Biochim Biophys Acta 1098: 159-166.
  • Hobe S, Forster R, Klinger J, Paulsen H (1995) N-proximal sequence motif in light-harvesting chlorophyll a/b binding protein is essential for the trimerization of light-harvesting chlorophyll a/b complex. Biochemistry 34: 10224-10228.
  • Ikeuchi M, Inoue Y (1988) A new photosystem II reaction center component (4.8-kDa protein) encoded by the chloroplast genome. FEBS Lett 241: 99-104.
  • Inagaki N, Yamamoto Y, Mori H, Sato K (1996) Carboxyl-terminal processing peptidase for the D1 precursor protein: cloning and sequencing of the spinach cDNA. Plant Mol Biol 30: 39-50.
  • Jackowski G, Kluck E (1994) The oligomeric arrangement of the light-harvesting chlorophyll a/b-protein complex of photosystem II. Z Naturforschung 49c: 337-342.
  • Jackowski G, Przymusiński R (1995) The resolution and biochemical characterization of subcomplexes of the main light-harvesting chlorophyll a/b-protein complex of photosystem II (LHCII). Photosynth Res 43: 41-48.
  • Jackowski G, Jansson S (1998) Characterization of photosystem II antenna complexes separated by non-denaturing isoelectric focusing. Z Naturforschung 53c: 841-848
  • Jackowski G, Kacprzak K, Jansson S (2001) Identification of Lhcb1/Lhcb2/Lhcb3 heterotrimers of the main light-harvesting chlorophyll a/b-protein complex of photosystem II (LHCII). Biochim Biophys Acta 1504: 340-345.
  • Jackowski G, Olkiewicz P, Żelisko A (2003) The acclimative response of the main light-harvesting chlorophyll a/b protein complex of photosystem II (LHCII) to elevated irradiances at the level of trimeric subunits. J Photochem Photobiol B: Biol 70: 163-170.
  • Jansson S (1994) The light-harvesting chlorophyll a/b-binding proteins. Biochim Biophys Acta 1184: 1-19.
  • Jansson S (1999) A guide to the Lhc genes and their relatives in Arabidopsis. Trends Plant Sci 4: 236-240.
  • Kim S, Sandusky P, Bowlby NR, Aebersold R, Green BR, Vlahakis S, Yocum CF, Pichersky E (1992) Characterization of a spinach psbS cDNA encoding the 22 kDa protein of photosystem II. FEBS Lett 314: 67-71.
  • Koivuniemi A, Aro EM, Andersson B (1995) Degradation of the D1- and D2-proteins of photosystem II in higher plants is regulated by reversible phosphorylation. Biochemistry 34: 16022-16029.
  • Król M, Spangfort MD, Huner NPA, Öquist G, Gustaffson P, Jansson S (1995) Chlorophyll a/b-binding proteins, pigment conversions, and early light-induced proteins in a chlorophyll b-less barley mutant. Plant Physiol 107: 873-883.
  • Kuttkat A, Kartmann A, Hobe S, Paulsen H (1996) The C-terminal domain of light-harvesting chlorophyll-a/b-binding protein is involved in the stabilization of trimeric light harvesting complex. Eur J Biochem 242: 288-292.
  • Kühlbrandt W, Wang DN, Fujiyoshi Y (1994) Atomic model of plant light-harvesting complex by electron crystallography. Nature 367: 614-621.
  • Larsson UK, Anderson JM, Andersson B (1987) Variations in the relative content of the peripheral and inner light-harvesting chlorophyll a/b-protein complex (LHCII) subpopulations during thylakoid light adaptation and development. Biochim Biophys Acta 894: 69-75.
  • Lavergne J, Leci E (1993) Properties of inactive photosystem II centers. Photosynth Res 35: 323-343.
  • Li Z, Burnap RL (2002) Mutations of basic arginine residue 334 in the D1 protein of photosystem II lead to unusual S2> state properties in Synechocystis sp PCC6803. Photosynth Res 72: 191-201.
  • Li XP, Bjorkman O, Shih C, Grossman AR, Rosenquist M, Jansson S, Niyogi KK (2000) A pigment-binding protein essential for regulation of photosynthetic light harvesting. Nature 403: 391-395.
  • Li XP, Gilmore AM, Caffarri S, Bassi R, Golan T, Kramer D, Niyogi KK (2004) Regulation of photosynthetic light harvesting involves intrathylakoid lumen pH sensing by the PsbS protein. J Biol Chem 279: 22866-22874.
  • Lindahl M, Yang DH, Andersson B (1995) Regulatory proteolysis of the major light-harvesting chlorophyll a/b protein of photosystem II by a light-induced membrane-associated enzymic system. Eur J Biochem 231: 503-509.
  • Lindahl M, Spetea C, Hundal T, Oppenheim AB, Adam Z, Andersson B (2000) The thylakoid FtsH protease plays a role in the light-induced turnover of the photosystem II, D1 protein. Plant Cell 12: 419-431.
  • Liu Z, Yan H, Wang K, Kuang T, Zhang J, Gui L, An X, Chang W (2004) Crystal structure of spinach major light-harvesting complex at 2.72 Å resolution. Nature 428: 287-292.
  • Lunde C, Jensen PE, Haldrup A, Knoetzel J, Scheller HV (2001) The PSI-H subunit of photosystem I is essential for state transitions in plant photosynthesis. Nature 408: 613-615.
  • Michel H, Deisenhofer J (1988) Relevance of the photosynthetic reaction center from purple bacteria to the structure of photosystem II. Biochemistry 27: 1-7.
  • Morosinotto T, Caffarri S, Dall'Osto L, Bassi R (2003) Mechanistic aspects of the xanthophyll dynamics in higher plant thylakoids. Physiol Plant 119: 347-354.
  • Morrisey PJ, Glick RE, Melis A (1988) Supramolecular assembly and functions of subunits associated with the chlorophyl a-b light-harvesting complex II (LHCII) in soybean chloroplast. Plant Cell Physiol 30: 335-344.
  • Mullet JE, Arntzen CJ (1980) Simulation of grana stacking in a model membrane system. Mediation by a purified light-harvesting pigment-protein complex from chloroplasts. Biochim Biophys Acta 589: 100-117.
  • Nanba O, Satoh K (1987) Isolation of a photosystem II reaction center consisting of D-1 and D-2 polypeptides and cytochrome b-559. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 84: 109-112.
  • Nield J, Kruse J, Ruprecht P, da Fonseca P, Büchel C, Barber J (2000) Three-dimensional structure of Chlamydomonas reinhardtii and Synechoccoccus elongatus photosystem II complexes allows for comparison of their oxygen-evolving complex organization. J Biol Chem 275: 27940-27946.
  • Paulsen H (1995) Chlorophyll a/b binding proteins. Photochem Photobiol 62: 376-382.
  • Petersen J, Dekker JP, Bowlby NR, Ghanotakis DF, Yocum CF, Babcock GT (1990) EPR characterization of the CP47-D1-D2-cytochrom b559 complex of photosystem II. Biochemistry 29: 3226-3231.
  • Pfundel E, Pfeffer M (1997) Modification of photosystem I light harvesting of bundle-sheath chloroplasts occurred during the evolution of NADP-malic enzyme C4 photosynthesis. Plant Physiol 114: 145-152.
  • Remelli R, Varotto C, Sandona D, Croce R, Bassi R (1999) Chlorophyll binding to monomeric light-harvesting complexes. A mutation analysis of chromophore-binding residues. J Biol Chem 274: 33510-33521.
  • Rhee K-H, Morris EP, Barber J, Kühlbrandt W (1998) Three-dimensional structure of the plant photosystem II reaction centre at 8 Å resolution. Nature 396: 283-286.
  • Rogl H, Schodel R, Lokstein H, Kuhlbrandt W, Schubert A (2002) Assignment of spectral substructures to pigment-binding sites in higher plant light-harvesting complex LHC-II. Biochemistry 41: 2281-2287.
  • Rogner R, Chrisholm DA, Diner DA (1991) Site-directed mutagenesis of the PsbC gene of photosystem II: isolation and functional characterization of CP43-less photosystem II core complex. Biochemistry 30: 5387-5395.
  • Romanowska E, Drożak A, Pokorska B, Shiell B, Michalski WP (2006) Organization and activity of photosystems in the mesophyll and bundle sheath chloroplasts of maize. J Plant Physiol 163: 607-618.
  • Ruban AV, Wentworth M, Yakushevska AE, Andersson J, Lee PJ, Keegstra W, Dekker JP, Boekema EJ, Jansson S, Horton P (2003) Plants lacking the main light-harvesting complex retain photosystem II macro-organization. Nature 421: 648-652.
  • Sakamoto W, Tamura T, Hanba-Tomita Y, Murata M, Sodmergen (2002) The VAR1 locus of Arabidopsis encodes a chloroplastic FtsH and is responsible for leaf variegatioin in the mutant alleles. Genes Cells 7: 769-780.
  • Sandona D, Croce R, Pagano A, Crimi M, Bassi R (1998) Higher plants light harvesting proteins. Structure and function as revealed by mutation analysis of either protein or chromophore moieties. Biochim Biophys Acta 1365: 207-214.
  • Stewart DH, Brudvig GW (1998) Cytochrome b559> of photosystem II. Biochim Biophys Acta 1367: 63-87.
  • Standfuss J, Kühlbrandt W (2004) The three isoforms of the light-harvesting complex II. J Biol Chem 279: 36884-36891.
  • Standfuss J, Terwisscha van Scheltinga AC, Lamborghini M, Kühlbrandt W (2005) Mechanism of photoprotection and nonphotochemical quenching in pea light-harvesting complex at 2.5 Å resolution. EMBO J 24: 919-928.
  • Šetlik I, Allakhverdiev SI, Nedbal L, Šetlikova E, Klimov VV (1990) Three types of photosystem II photoinactivation. I. Damaging processes of on the acceptor side. Photosynth Res 23: 39-48.
  • Telfer A, Bishop SM, Phillips D, Barber J (1994) Isolated photosynthetic reaction center of photosystem II as a sensitizer for the formation of singlet oxygen. Detection and quantum yield determination using a chemical trapping technique. J Biol Chem 269: 13244-13253.
  • Tziveleka LA, Argyroudi-Akoyunoglou JH (1998) Implications of a developmental-stage-dependent thylakoid-bound protease in the stabilization of the light-harvesting pigment-protein complex serving photosystem II during thylakoid biogenesis in red kidney bean. Plant Physiol 117: 961-970.
  • Vass I, Styring S, Hundal T, Koivuniemi A, Aro E, Andersson B (1992) Reversible and irreversible intermediates during photoinhibition of photosystem II: stable reduced QA species promote chlorophyll triplet formation. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 89: 1408-1412.
  • Vener AV, van Kan PJM, Rich PR, Ohad I, Andersson B (1997) Plastoquinol at the quinol oxidation site of reduced cytochrome bf mediates signal transduction between light and protein phosphorylation: thylakoid protein kinase deactivation by a single turnover flash. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 94: 1585-1590.
  • Wollman FA, Minai L, Nechtushtai R (1999) The biogenesis and assembly of photosynthetic proteins in thylakoid membranes. Biochim Biophys Acta 1411: 21-85.
  • Yakushevska AE, Jensen PE, Keegstra W, van Room H, Scheller HV, Boekema EJ, Dekker JP (2001) Supramolecular organization of photosystem II and its associated light-harvesting antenna in Arabidopsis thaliana. Eur J Biochem 268: 6020-6028.
  • Yakushevska AE, Keegstra W, Boekema EJ, Dekker JP, Andersson J, Jansson S, Ruban AV, Horton P (2003) The structure of photosystem II in Arabidopsis: Localization of the CP26 and CP29 antenna complexes. Biochemistry 42: 608-613.
  • Yamamoto Y (2001) Quality control of photosystem II. Plant Cell Physiol 42: 121-128.
  • Yang D-H, Webster J, Adam Z, Lindahl M, Andersson B (1998) Induction of acclimative proteolysis of the light-harvesting chlorophyll a/b protein of photosystem II in response to elevated light intensities. Plant Physiol 118: 827-834.
  • Zolla L, Timperio AM, Walcher W, Huber CG (2003) Proteomics of light-harvesting proteins in different plant species. Analysis and comparison by liquid chromatography-electrospray ionization mass spectrometry. Photosystem II. Plant Physiol 131: 198-214.
  • Zouni HT, Witt J, Kern P, Fromme N, Krauss N, Saenger W, Orth P (2001) Crystal structure of photosystem II from Synechococcus elongatus at 3.8 Å resolution. Nature 409: 739-743.
  • Żelisko A, Garcia-Lorenzo M, Jackowski G, Jansson S, Funk C (2005) AtFtsH6 is involved in the degradation of the light-harvesting complex during high-light acclimation and senescence. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 102: 13699-13704.
Document Type
Publication order reference
YADDA identifier
JavaScript is turned off in your web browser. Turn it on to take full advantage of this site, then refresh the page.