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The role of Na+/H+ exchanger in serotonin secretion from porcine blood platelets

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This study was undertaken to evaluate whether a link exists between the activation of protein kinase C (PKC), operation of Na+/H+ exchanger (NHE), cell swelling and serotonin (5-HT) secretion in porcine platelets. Activation of platelets by thrombin or phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (PMA), a PKC activator, initiated a rapid rise in the activity of Na+/H+ exchanger and secretion of 5-HT. Both thrombin- and PMA-evoked activation of Na+/H+ exchanger was less pronounced in the presence of ethyl-isopropyl-amiloride (EIPA), an NHE inhibitor, and by GF 109203X, a PKC inhibitor. Monensin (simulating the action of NHE) caused a dose-dependent release of 5-HT that was not abolished by GF 109203X or EGTA. Lack of Na+ in the suspending medium reduced thrombin-, PMA-, and monensin-evoked 5-HT secretion. GF 109203X nearly completely inhibited 5-HT release induced by PMA-, partly that induced by thrombin, and had no effect on 5-HT release induced by monensin. EIPA partly inhibited 5-HT release induced by thrombin and nearly totally that evoked by PMA. Electronic cell sizing measurements showed an increase in mean platelet volume upon treatment of cells with monensin, PMA or thrombin. The PMA- and thrombin-evoked rise in mean platelet volume was strongly reduced in the presence of EIPA. As judged by optical swelling assay monensin and PMA produced a rapid rise in platelet volume. The swelling elicited by PMA was inhibited by EIPA and its kinetics was similar to that observed in the presence of monensin. Hypoosmotically evoked platelet swelling did not affect platelet aggregation but significantly potentiated thrombin-evoked release of 5-HT and ATP. Taken together, these results show that in porcine platelets PKC may promote 5-HT secretion through the activation of NHE. It is hypothesized that enhanced Na+/H+ antiport may result in a rise in cell membrane tension (due to cell swelling) which in turn facilitates fusion of secretory granules with the plasma membrane leading to 5-HT secretion.

Physical description
  • Department of Physical Chemistry, Medical University of Bialystok, Bialystok, Poland
  • Department of Physical Chemistry, Medical University of Bialystok, Bialystok, Poland
  • Department of Physical Chemistry, Medical University of Bialystok, Bialystok, Poland
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