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2005 | 52 | 3 | 673-678
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Biotechnology of temperate fruit trees and grapevines

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Challenges concerning fruit trees and grapevines as long lived woody perennial crops require adapted biotechnological approaches, if solutions are to be found within a reasonable time frame. These challenges are represented by the need for correct identification of genetic resources, with the foreseen use either in conservation or in breeding programmes. Molecular markers provide most accurate information and will be the major solution for questions about plant breeders rights. Providing healthy planting material and rapid detection of newly introduced pathogens by reliable methods involving serological and molecular biological tools will be a future challenge of increases importance, given the fact that plant material travels freely in the entire European Union. But also new breeding goals and transgenic solutions are part of the biotechnological benefits, e.g. resistance against biotic and abiotic stress factors, modified growth habits, modified nutritional properties and altered processing and storage qualities. The successful characterization of transgenic grapevines and stone fruit trees carrying genes of viral origin in different vectors constructed under ecological consideration, will be presented. Beyond technical feasibility, efficiency of resistance, environmental safety and Intellectual Property Rights, also public acceptance needs consideration and has been addressed in a specific project. The molecular determination of internal quality parameters of food can also be addressed by the use of biotechnological tools. Patient independent detection tools for apple allergens have been developed and should allow to compare fruits from different production systems, sites, and genotypes for their content of health threatening compounds.
Physical description
  • Plant Biotechnology Unit, IAM, Deptartment of Biotechnology, BOKU, Vienna, Austria
  • Centro Biotecnologia dos Açores, Departamento Ciencias Agrarias, Universidade dos Açores, Angra do Heroismo, Azores, Portugal
  • Plant Biotechnology Unit, IAM, Deptartment of Biotechnology, BOKU, Vienna, Austria
  • Plant Biotechnology Unit, IAM, Deptartment of Biotechnology, BOKU, Vienna, Austria
  • Plant Biotechnology Unit, IAM, Deptartment of Biotechnology, BOKU, Vienna, Austria
  • Plant Biotechnology Unit, IAM, Deptartment of Biotechnology, BOKU, Vienna, Austria
  • Research Institute for Fruit Growing and Ornamentals, Budapest, Hungary
  • Plant Biotechnology Unit, IAM, Deptartment of Biotechnology, BOKU, Vienna, Austria
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