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2004 | 51 | 4 | 1015-1022
Article title

A possible involvement of plasma membrane NAD(P)H oxidase in the switch mechanism of the cell death mode from apoptosis to necrosis in menadione-induced cell injury.

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The effects of inhibitors of plasma membrane NADPH oxidase on menadione-induced cell injury processes were studied using human osteosarcoma 143B cells. The intracellular level of superoxide in the cells treated with menadione for 6 h reached a maximum followed by an abrupt decrease. The population of apoptotic cells detected by Annexin V and propidium iodide double staining also reached its maximum at 6 h of menadione-treatment while that of necrotic cells increased continuously reaching 90% of the total population at 9 h of the treatment. Pretreatment of the cells with inhibitors of NADPH oxidase, including diphenyliodonium chloride, apocynin, N-vanillylnonanamide and staurosporine was effective in lowering the menadione-induced elevations of superoxide, and also in the suppression of the switch of the cell death mode from apoptosis to necrosis in menadione-treated cells except for the case of staurosporine. These results strongly suggest that superoxide generated by NADPH oxidase, besides that generated by the mitochondria, may contribute to the remarkable increase in the intracellular level of superoxide in the cells treated with menadione for 6 h resulting in the switch from apoptosis to necrosis, although a direct evidence of the presence of active and inactive forms of NADPH oxidase in control and menadione-treated 143B cells is lacking at present.
Physical description
  • Department of Cell Biology and Molecular Pathology, Medical University of Gdańsk, Gdańsk, Poland
  • Department of Cell Biology and Molecular Pathology, Medical University of Gdańsk, Gdańsk, Poland
  • Department of Pharmaceutical Biochemistry, Medical University of Gdańsk, Gdańsk, Poland
  • Department of Cell Biology and Molecular Pathology, Medical University of Gdańsk, Gdańsk, Poland
  • Department of Medical Chemistry, Medical University of Gdańsk, Gdańsk, Poland
  • Department of Cell Biology and Molecular Pathology, Medical University of Gdańsk, Gdańsk, Poland
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