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2004 | 51 | 3 | 851-856
Article title

Antitumour activity of Salmonella typhimurium VNP20047 in B16(F10) murine melanoma model.

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A tumour therapy is proposed based on attenuated Salmonella typhimurium VNP20047 expressing the Escherichia coli cytosine deaminase gene. VNP20047 was administered intravenously to B16(F10) melanoma-bearing C57BL/6 mice. VNP20047 proliferated within tumours and livers regardless of the initial inoculum dose. After 10 days the number of bacteria increased in livers up to 4.2 × 106 cfu/g and decreased in tumours down to 5.9 × 106 cfu/g. VNP20047 at 1 × 105 cfu/mouse, when combined with 5-fluorocytosine, inhibited tumour growth by 85% without prolonging animal survival. Histology studies revealed severe lesions in tumours and livers. These data suggest that S. typhimurium VNP20047 induced inflammatory responses, even though the strain was attenuated.
Physical description
  • Department of Molecular Biology, Centre of Oncology, Maria Skłodowska-Curie Memorial Institute, Gliwice, Poland
  • Department of Molecular Biology, Centre of Oncology, Maria Skłodowska-Curie Memorial Institute, Gliwice, Poland
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