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2003 | 50 | 4 | 921-939
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UV- and MMS-induced mutagenesis of lO(am)8 phage under nonpermissive conditions for phage DNA replication.

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EN
Mutagenesis in Escherichia coli, a subject of many years of study is considered to be related to DNA replication. DNA lesions nonrepaired by the error-free nucleotide excision repair (NER), base excision repair (BER) and recombination repair (RR), stop replication at the fork. Reinitiation needs translesion synthesis (TLS) by DNA polymerase V (UmuC), which in the presence of accessory proteins, UmuD', RecA and ssDNA-binding protein (SSB), has an ability to bypass the lesion with high mutagenicity. This enables reinitiation and extension of DNA replication by DNA polymerase III (Pol III). We studied UV- and MMS-induced mutagenesis of λO(am)8 phage in E. coli 594 sup+ host, unable to replicate the phage DNA, as a possible model for mutagenesis induced in nondividing cells (e.g. somatic cells). We show that in E. coli 594 sup+ cells UV- and MMS-induced mutagenesis of λO(am)8 phage may occur. This mutagenic process requires both the UmuD' and C proteins, albeit a high level of UmuD' and low level of UmuC seem to be necessary and sufficient. We compared UV-induced mutagenesis of λO(am)8 in nonpermissive (594 sup+) and permissive (C600 supE) conditions for phage DNA replication. It appeared that while the mutagenesis of λO(am)8 in 594 sup+ requires the UmuD' and C proteins, which can not be replaced by other SOS-inducible protein(s), in C600 supE their functions may be replaced by other inducible protein(s), possibly DNA polymerase IV (DinB). Mutations induced under nonpermissive conditions for phage DNA replication are resistant to mismatch repair (MMR), while among those induced under permissive conditions, only about 40% are resistant.
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Publisher

Year
Volume
50
Issue
4
Pages
921-939
Physical description
Dates
published
2003
received
2003-11-18
revised
2003-11-25
accepted
2003-12-11
Contributors
  • Institute of Biochemistry and Biophysics, Department of Molecular Biology, Polish Academy of Sciences, Warszawa, Poland
  • Institute of Biochemistry and Biophysics, Department of Molecular Biology, Polish Academy of Sciences, Warszawa, Poland
  • Institute of Biochemistry and Biophysics, Department of Molecular Biology, Polish Academy of Sciences, Warszawa, Poland
  • Institute of Biochemistry and Biophysics, Department of Molecular Biology, Polish Academy of Sciences, Warszawa, Poland
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bwmeta1.element.bwnjournal-article-abpv50i4p921kz
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