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2001 | 48 | 1 | 121-130
Article title

Immunosuppressory activity of the cyclodimeric peptide with RGD-sequences.

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Our previous studies showed that the nonapeptide fragment of HLA-DQ of the sequence H-Thr-Pro-Gln-Arg-Gly-Asp-Val-Tyr-Thr-OH, located in the β164-172 loop, strongly suppresses the humoral and cellular immune responses, while its shorter analogs, H-Arg-Gly-Asp-Val-OH, H-Arg-Gly-Asp-Val-Tyr-OH and H-Gln-Arg-Gly-Asp-Val-Tyr-OH show only a weak stimulatory activity in respect to the humoral immunological response. These fragments contain the Arg-Gly-Asp (RGD) sequence, known for its importance for cellular association phenomena. Based on the crystal structure of HLA-DR1, we also designed and synthesized a cyclic analog H-Cys-Arg-Gly-Asp-Val-Tyr-Cys-OH with restricted conformation, which strongly suppresses the immune response and selectively inhibits the αvβ3 integrin, suggesting that the mechanism of the immunosuppressory action of the peptide is associated with inhibition of the integrin. In this paper we present the design and synthesis of the cyclodimeric peptide, Arg-Gly-Asp-Arg-Gly-Asp, which is also known as a selective αvβ3 inhibitor. The synthesized peptide strongly suppresses both the humoral and cellular immune response. The results support our hypothesis that the immunomodulatory activity of HLA-DQ fragments may be connected with their interactions with some particular integrins on the cell surface.

Physical description
  • Faculty of Chemistry, University of Wrocław, Wrocław, Poland
  • Faculty of Chemistry, University of Wrocław, Wrocław, Poland
  • Faculty of Chemistry, University of Wrocław, Wrocław, Poland
  • Faculty of Chemistry, University of Wrocław, Wrocław, Poland
  • Institute of Immunology and Experimental Therapy, Polish Academy of Sciences, Wrocław, Poland
  • Faculty of Chemistry, University of Wrocław, Wrocław, Poland
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