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2012 | 19 | 4 | 609-616
Article title

Modeling of pollutants in the air in terms of fire on dumps / Modelowanie zanieczyszczeń powietrza w warunkach pożaru na wysypisku

Content
Title variants
Languages of publication
EN
Abstracts
EN
Paper presents modelling of pollutants in the air in terms of fire on dumps. Uncontrolled fire on dumps where are tyre produce a lot of smoke and air pollutants, including benzene and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH). Great heat leads to the generation of pyrolytic oil which, when mixed with the fire extinguishing agent, contaminates the surrounding soil, surface water and underground water. Paper analyzes and presents in particular the emission factors of incomplete burning of waste car tyres. Metal dust emissions have been presented as well as volatile organic compund (VOC) emissions, slightly volatile organic compound (SVOC) emissions and emissions of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH). Evaluation of the effect on the air quality has been graphically presented by modelling of uncotrolled tyre burning by using EPA "SCREEN 3 MODEL".
PL
Przedstawiono modelowanie zanieczyszczeń powietrza w warunkach pożaru na składowisku. Niekontrolowany ogień na składowiskach opon powoduje powstawanie dymu i zanieczyszczeń powietrza, w tym benzenu i wielopierścieniowych węglowodorów aromatycznych (WWA). Wydzielane ciepło prowadzi do generacji oleju pirolitycznego, który po zmieszaniu ze środkami gaśniczymi zanieczyszcza glebę, wody powierzchniowe i gruntowe. W pracy przeanalizowano i przedstawiono zanieczyszczenia emitowane w wyniku niepełnego spalania opon samochodowych. Stwierdzono emisję pyłów metali, lotnych związków organicznych (VOC), mało lotnych związków organicznych (SVOC) oraz wielopierścieniowych węglowodorów aromatycznych. Ocena wpływu spalania opon na jakość powietrza została graficznie przedstawiona za pomocą modelu EPA „SCREEN 3 MODEL”.
Publisher

Year
Volume
19
Issue
4
Pages
609-616
Physical description
Dates
published
1 - 11 - 2012
online
13 - 11 - 2012
Contributors
  • Faculty of Technical Sciences, University of Novi Pazar, Serbia, Vuka Karadžića bb, 36300 Novi Pazar, phone 00381.20.317754, fax 00381.20.337669, rbiocanin@np.ac.rs
  • Faculty of Technical Sciences, University of Novi Sad, Novi Sad, Serbia
  • Technical Faculty in Bor, University of Belgrade, 19210 Bor, Vojske Jugoslavije 12, Serbia
  • Faculty of Technical Sciences, University of Novi Pazar, Serbia, Vuka Karadžića bb, 36300 Novi Pazar, phone 00381.20.317754, fax 00381.20.337669
References
  • [1] Stanojević DD, Rajković MB, Tošković DV. Management of used tyres, accomplishments in the world and situation in Serbia. Hemijska industrija. 2011;65:6:727-738. DOI: 10.2298/HEMIND110729061S.[WoS][Crossref]
  • [2] US EPA. Region 5. Waste. Pesticides and Toxic Division, Chicago, Ullinois & Illionis EPA Bureau of Land. Springfield. Illinois. Scrap Tire Cleanup Guidebook. Chicago. 2006. http://www.rma.org/publications/ scrap_tires//index.cfm?PublicationID=11484 (11.01.2012).
  • [3] www.basel.int/meetings/oeng6/docs/oewg6_into6.pdf.
  • [4] Holzbecher E. 2D and 3D Transport Solutions (Gaussian Puffs and Plumes). Environ Modeling. Using MATLAB. Springer. 2007;Part II:293-306. DOI: 10.1007/978-3-540-72937-2_16.[Crossref]
  • [5] Brady Williamson R, Allen Schroeder R. Separation distances are based on the "Fire Safety Assessment of the Scrap Tire Storage Methods"; 1994.
  • [6] Arroyo M, Martin IS, Olivella S, Saaltink MW. Evaluation of self-combustion risk in tire derived aggregate fills. Waste Manage. 2011;31(9-10):2133-2141. DOI:10.1016/j.wasman.2011.04.014.[Crossref]
  • [7] Abdul-Raouf ME, Maysour NE, Abdul-Azim, AA, Amin MS. Thermochemical recycling of mixture of scrap tyres and waste lubricating oil into high caloric value products. Energy Conver Manage. 2010;51(6):1304-1310. DOI: 10.1016/j.enconman.2010.01.007.[Crossref]
  • [8] US EPA (U.S. ENVIROMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY) AP 42. Fifth Edition. Volume I Chapter 2: Solid Waste Disposal. SECTION 2.5, OPEN BURNING. 1992.
  • [9] Ryan JV. Characterization of emissions from the simulated open burning of scrap tires. Washington, D.C: U.S. Environ Protect Agency; 1989; EPA-600/2-89- 054, NTIS PB90-126004.
  • [10] Lemieux PM, Ryan JV. Characterization of air pollutants emitted from a simulated scrap tire fire. Air Waste Manage Assoc J. 1993;43(8):1106-1115.
  • [11] Stefanov S, Cvejić R, Biočanin R. Modeling of pollutants at the landfillwaste. International scientific and methodological conference Quality of education. 31.10.-02.11.2011. Kramatorsk Ukraina; 152-158.
  • [12] US EPA, Compilation of Air Pollution Emission Factors. 1992; AP 42. Fifth Edition. Volume I, Chapter 2: Solid Waste Disposal.
  • [13] US EPA, Compilation of Air Pollution Emission Factors. 1992; AP 42. Fifth Edition, Volume I, Chapter 2: Solid Waste Disposal, 2.5 Open Burning.
  • [14] Gray ТА. Tire Derived Fuel: An Environmental Friendly Resource. Tire Derived Fuel Seminar. Austin, Texas: Texas Natural Resource Conservation Commission. 1996;65-81, http://www.rma.org/publications//scrap_tires/index.cfm?CategoryID=572 (08.09.2011).
  • [15] Mitchell D. Used tires: Reuse. Recycle. Retreaded. http://volunteerguide.org/volunteer/fewhours/usedtires.htm (30.04.2011).
  • [16] Tire Pile Fires. Prevention. Response. Remediation. Environ Eng Contracting. Inc, Santa Ana California, USA; 2002. http://www.rma.org/getfile.cfm?ID=944&type=publication (12.02.2012).
  • [17] End of life tyres - a valuable resource with growing potential, European Tyre and Rubber’s Manufacturers Association (ERTMA), 2010; Edition. Bussels; 2010. http://www.etrma.org/uploads/Modules/ Documentsmanager/brochure-elt-2011-final.pdf (22.02.2012).
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Document Type
Publication order reference
Identifiers
YADDA identifier
bwmeta1.element.-psjd-doi-10_2478_v10216-011-0043-6
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