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2012 | 19 | 4 | 609-616

Article title

Modeling of pollutants in the air in terms of fire on dumps / Modelowanie zanieczyszczeń powietrza w warunkach pożaru na wysypisku


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Paper presents modelling of pollutants in the air in terms of fire on dumps. Uncontrolled fire on dumps where are tyre produce a lot of smoke and air pollutants, including benzene and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH). Great heat leads to the generation of pyrolytic oil which, when mixed with the fire extinguishing agent, contaminates the surrounding soil, surface water and underground water. Paper analyzes and presents in particular the emission factors of incomplete burning of waste car tyres. Metal dust emissions have been presented as well as volatile organic compund (VOC) emissions, slightly volatile organic compound (SVOC) emissions and emissions of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH). Evaluation of the effect on the air quality has been graphically presented by modelling of uncotrolled tyre burning by using EPA "SCREEN 3 MODEL".
Przedstawiono modelowanie zanieczyszczeń powietrza w warunkach pożaru na składowisku. Niekontrolowany ogień na składowiskach opon powoduje powstawanie dymu i zanieczyszczeń powietrza, w tym benzenu i wielopierścieniowych węglowodorów aromatycznych (WWA). Wydzielane ciepło prowadzi do generacji oleju pirolitycznego, który po zmieszaniu ze środkami gaśniczymi zanieczyszcza glebę, wody powierzchniowe i gruntowe. W pracy przeanalizowano i przedstawiono zanieczyszczenia emitowane w wyniku niepełnego spalania opon samochodowych. Stwierdzono emisję pyłów metali, lotnych związków organicznych (VOC), mało lotnych związków organicznych (SVOC) oraz wielopierścieniowych węglowodorów aromatycznych. Ocena wpływu spalania opon na jakość powietrza została graficznie przedstawiona za pomocą modelu EPA „SCREEN 3 MODEL”.









Physical description


1 - 11 - 2012
13 - 11 - 2012


  • Faculty of Technical Sciences, University of Novi Pazar, Serbia, Vuka Karadžića bb, 36300 Novi Pazar, phone 00381.20.317754, fax 00381.20.337669
  • Faculty of Technical Sciences, University of Novi Sad, Novi Sad, Serbia
  • Technical Faculty in Bor, University of Belgrade, 19210 Bor, Vojske Jugoslavije 12, Serbia
  • Faculty of Technical Sciences, University of Novi Pazar, Serbia, Vuka Karadžića bb, 36300 Novi Pazar, phone 00381.20.317754, fax 00381.20.337669


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  • [2] US EPA. Region 5. Waste. Pesticides and Toxic Division, Chicago, Ullinois & Illionis EPA Bureau of Land. Springfield. Illinois. Scrap Tire Cleanup Guidebook. Chicago. 2006. http://www.rma.org/publications/ scrap_tires//index.cfm?PublicationID=11484 (11.01.2012).
  • [3] www.basel.int/meetings/oeng6/docs/oewg6_into6.pdf.
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  • [7] Abdul-Raouf ME, Maysour NE, Abdul-Azim, AA, Amin MS. Thermochemical recycling of mixture of scrap tyres and waste lubricating oil into high caloric value products. Energy Conver Manage. 2010;51(6):1304-1310. DOI: 10.1016/j.enconman.2010.01.007.[Crossref]
  • [8] US EPA (U.S. ENVIROMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY) AP 42. Fifth Edition. Volume I Chapter 2: Solid Waste Disposal. SECTION 2.5, OPEN BURNING. 1992.
  • [9] Ryan JV. Characterization of emissions from the simulated open burning of scrap tires. Washington, D.C: U.S. Environ Protect Agency; 1989; EPA-600/2-89- 054, NTIS PB90-126004.
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  • [14] Gray ТА. Tire Derived Fuel: An Environmental Friendly Resource. Tire Derived Fuel Seminar. Austin, Texas: Texas Natural Resource Conservation Commission. 1996;65-81, http://www.rma.org/publications//scrap_tires/index.cfm?CategoryID=572 (08.09.2011).
  • [15] Mitchell D. Used tires: Reuse. Recycle. Retreaded. http://volunteerguide.org/volunteer/fewhours/usedtires.htm (30.04.2011).
  • [16] Tire Pile Fires. Prevention. Response. Remediation. Environ Eng Contracting. Inc, Santa Ana California, USA; 2002. http://www.rma.org/getfile.cfm?ID=944&type=publication (12.02.2012).
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