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2012 | 19 | 2 | 239-248

Article title

Control of Landfill Gases Emission with Particular Emphasis on Btex


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Landfilling is the most popular way for waste disposal and has been widely applied globally. A large quantity of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) is released from landfills. Among them, BTEX (benzene, toluene ethylbenzene and xylene) is a major group of pollutants, which have now become a cause for concern worldwide because of their toxic properties. For this reason, strict regulations have come into force which induce researchers to find methods to reduce their emissions. This article contains descriptions of several aerobic metabolic pathways for the degradation of BTEX, which are provided by two enzymatic systems (dioxygenases and monooxygenases). Special attention was paid to biofiltration - a method for improving the efficiency of treatment of BTEX released from landfills.
Składowiska odpadów są najtańszą i najprostszą metodą ich zagospodarowania. Ze względu na uwalnianie z nich znacznych ilości lotnych związków organicznych (VOC) składowiska stanowią zagrożenie dla czystości powietrza, wód gruntowych oraz gleb. W grupie VOC uwalnianych ze składowisk odpadów najbardziej powszechne i jednocześnie bardzo toksyczne są BTEX (benzen, toluen, etylobenzen, ksyleny). Z tego też względu ważne jest poszukiwanie efektywnych metod eliminacji tych związków ze składowisk odpadów. W artykule przedstawiono obecny stan wiedzy odnoszący się do degradacji BTEX przez mikroorganizmy oraz opis metod stosowanych do usuwania BTEX ze składowisk odpadów ze szczególnym uwzględnieniem procesu biofiltracji.









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1 - 1 - 2012
24 - 5 - 2012


  • Faculty of Environmental Engineering, Lublin University of Technology, ul. Nadbystrzycka 40B, 20-618 Lublin, Poland
  • Faculty of Environmental Engineering, Lublin University of Technology, ul. Nadbystrzycka 40B, 20-618 Lublin, Poland


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