PL EN


Preferences help
enabled [disable] Abstract
Number of results
2012 | 19 | 1 | 16-20
Article title

Mood Changes in Physically Active Men in Situations of Imagined Discontinuation of Physical Exercises as an Indication of the Risk of Addiction to Physical Exercises

Content
Title variants
Languages of publication
EN
Abstracts
EN
Introduction. The phenomenon of addiction to exercise is one of the risks of systematically undertaken recreational physical activity. It is more common in men, especially those undertaking intense aerobic workout. The diagnostic criteria include the so called withdrawal symptoms expressed by deterioration of mood in the situation of discontinuation of exercise. The aim of this study was to determine mood changes in regularly exercising men in the situation of imagined discontinuation of exercise compared to the neutral situation, and their relation to the length of involvement in sports, the frequency and duration of exercise and the risk of addiction to exercise. Material and methods. The study involved 45 men aged 20-33 years who practice recreational jogging, combat sports, and exercising at the gym. Standard scales were used to test the mood: Profile of Mood States (POMS) and the Mood Adjective Check List (UMACL), measuring the emotional states in neutral situation and the imaginary discontinuation of exercise and the scale to assess the risk of dependence on exercise developed for the study. Results. The results show a significant deterioration of mood in the situation imagined discontinuation of exercise, as compared to the neutral situation. Its magnitude grows along with the length of the men's involvement in sports, but there were no significant associations with the frequency or duration of exercise. The risk of addiction to exercise is positively correlated to the mood deterioration and the length of involvement in sports. Young men who systematically exercise regularly expect a significant deterioration in their mood in a situation of discontinuation of exercise, which suggests that there is a risk of addiction to physical exercise.
Publisher

Year
Volume
19
Issue
1
Pages
16-20
Physical description
Dates
published
1 - 3 - 2012
online
14 - 6 - 2012
Contributors
  • Faculty of Tourism and Recreation, Department of Management and Organisation, The Josef Pilsudski University of Physical Education in Warsaw
  • Faculty of Tourism and Recreation, Department of Management and Organisation, The Josef Pilsudski University of Physical Education in Warsaw
References
  • Sachs, M. L. & Pargman D. (1997). Running addiction. In M. L. Sachs & G. W. Buffone (Eds.), Running as therapy: An integrated approach (pp. 231-254). New Jersey: Jason Aronson.
  • Veale, D. (1995). Does primary exercise dependence really exist? In J. Annett, B. Cripps & H. Steinberg (Eds.), Exercise addiction. Motivation and participation in sport and exercise (pp. 1-5). Leicester: The British Psychological Society.
  • Allegre, B., Souville M., Therme P. & Griffiths M. (2006). Definitions and measures of exercise dependence. Addiction Rev. Theory 14, 631-646.[Crossref]
  • Szabo, A. & Griffiths M. D. (2007). Exercise addiction in British sport science students. Int. J. Mental Health Addiction 5, 25-28.[Crossref]
  • Mędraś, M. & Bidzińska B. (2004). Exercise dependence. In M. Mędraś (Ed.), Sports medicine (pp. 119-121). Warszawa: Medsportpress. [in Polish][WoS]
  • De Coverley Veale, D. M. W. (1987). Exercise dependence. Br. J. Addiction 82, 735-740.[Crossref]
  • Little, J. C. (1969). The athlete's neurosis: A deprivation crisis. Acta Psychiatrica Scand. 45, 187-197.[Crossref]
  • Baekland, F. (1970). Exercise deprivation: Sleep and psychological reactions. Archives General Psychiatry 22, 365-369.
  • Morgan, W. P. (1979). Negative addiction in runners. Phys. Sports Med. 7, 57-70.
  • Griffiths, M. D. (1996). Behavioral addiction: An issue for everybody? J. Workplace Learning 8, 19-25.
  • Morris, M., Steinberg H., Sykes E. A. & Salmon P. (1990). Effects of temporary withdrawal from regular running. J. Psychosom. Res. 34, 493-500.[Crossref]
  • Berlin, A. A., Kop W. J. & Deuster P. A. (2006). Depressive mood symptoms and fatigue after exercise withdrawal: the potential role of decreased fitness. Psychosom. Med. 68, 224-230.[PubMed][Crossref]
  • Glass, J. M., Lyden A. K., Petzke F., Stein P., Whalen G., Ambrose K. et al. (2004). The effect of brief exercise cessation on pain, fatigue, and mood symptom development in healthy, fit individuals. J. Psychosom. Res. 57, 391-398.
  • Sachs, M. L. & Pargman D. (1979). Running addiction: a depth interview examination. J. Sports Behav. 2, 143-155.
  • Mondin, G. W., Morgan W. P., Piering P. N., Stegner A. J., Stotesbery C. L., Trine M. R. et al. (1996). Psychological consequences of exercise deprivation in habitual exercisers. Med. Sci. Sports Exerc. 28, 1199-1203.[Crossref][PubMed]
  • Davis, C. (2000). Exercise abuse. Int. J. Sport Psychol. 31, 278-289.
  • Glasser, W. (1976). Positive Addiction. New York: Harper and Row.
  • Szabo, A., Frenkl R. & Caputo A. (1997). Relation between addiction to running, commitment to running, and deprivation from running: A study on the Internet. Eur. Yearbook Sport Psychol. 1, 130-147.
  • Hausenblas, H. A. & Symons Downs D. (2002). How much is too much? The development and validation of the exercise dependence scale. Psychol. Health 17, 387-404.[Crossref]
  • Bamber, D. J., Cockerill I. M., Rodgers S. & Carroll D. (2003). Diagnostic criteria for exercise dependence in women. Br. J. Sports Med. 37, 393-400.
  • Terry, A., Szabo A. & Griffiths M. D. (2004). The exercise addiction inventory: A new brief screening tool. Addiction Res. Theory 12, 489-499.[Crossref]
  • Pasman, L. & Thompson J. K. (1988). Body image and eating disturbances in obligatory runners, obligatory weightlifters, and sedentary individuals. Int. J. Eat. Disord. 7, 759-769.[Crossref]
  • Rudy, E. B. & Estok P. J. (1989). Measurement and significance of negative addiction in runners. West. J. Nurs. Res.11, 548-558.
  • Chapman, C. L. & Decastro J. M. (1990). Running addiction - measurement and associated psychological characteristics. J. Sports Med. Phys. Fitness 30, 283-290.
  • Smith, D. K., Hale B. D. & Collins D. (1996). Measurement of exercise dependence in bodybuilders. J. Sports Med. Phys. Fitness 38, 66-74.
  • Chan, C. S. & Grossman H. Y. (1988). Psychological effects of running loss on consistent runners. Percept. Mot. Skills 66, 875-883.[PubMed]
  • Dudek, B. & Koniarek J. (1987). Adaptation of Profile of Mood States (POMS) by D. M. McNair, M. Lorr & L. F. Droppleman. Przegląd Psych. 3, 753-762. [in Polish]
  • Goryńska, E. (2005). UWIST Mood Adjective Check UMACL by G. Matthews, A. G. Chamberlain, D. M. Jones. Manual. Warszawa: Pracownia Testów Psychologicznych PTP. [in Polish]
  • Guszkowska, M. (2004). The influence of exercises on anxiety, depression and mood states. PsychiatriaPolska 37, 611-620. [in Polish]
  • Guszkowska, M. (2009). Age and exercise duration as determinants of the effect of single bout of exercise on state anxiety in women. Medicina Sportiva 13, 125-130.[Crossref]
  • Guszkowska, M. (in press). Exercise dependence - symptoms and mechanisms. Psychiatria Polska. [in Polish]
Document Type
Publication order reference
Identifiers
YADDA identifier
bwmeta1.element.-psjd-doi-10_2478_v10197-012-0003-4
JavaScript is turned off in your web browser. Turn it on to take full advantage of this site, then refresh the page.