The Estimation of the RAST Test Usefulness in Monitoring the Anaerobic Capacity of Sprinters in Athletics
Languages of publication
Introduction. In athletic high-speed-forced competitions one of basic monitored parameters of the preparation is the level of the anaerobic capacity. The aim of the work was the qualification of the usefulness of the RAST (Running-based Anaerobic Sprint Test) in the estimation of the anaerobic capacity of athletes of sprint athletic competitions. Material and methods. 37 athletes (12 Female and 25 Male) specializing in sprint racing (100 m, 100 m hurdles, 110 m hurdles, 200 m) and the prolonged sprint (400 m and 400 m hurdles) partook in the research. The anaerobic capacity was evaluated by means of the RAST test and the Wingate test. Results. In the RAST test competitors obtained significantly higher values of the maximum power (p<0.001) and the average power (p<0.001), with relation to the Wingate test. Among women such dependences were not ascertained. The fundamentally lower (p<0.001) fatigue index in the RAST test characterized in turn both groups, which can testify about the better adaptation to the run effort. For both tests one ascertained significant dependence between the average power and the maximum power. Moreover, the significant dependence between the fatigue index (FI) and the average and maximum power in the Wingate test was shown. For the RAST test such dependence appeared among FI, and the maximum power. Conclusions. The RAST test gave statistically comparable results only in the case of the average and maximum power among women. The smaller physical load for competitors and decidedly easier organization of the research causes that the RAST test can be used for regular monitoring of the anaerobic capacity level of competitors of athletic run competitions.
1 - 9 - 2011
12 - 10 - 2011
- Nummela, A., Mero A. & Rusko H. (1996). The effects of sprint training on the determinants of maximal anaerobic running test. Int. J. Sports Med. 17(2), 114-119 (suppl.).[Crossref]
- Spencer, M. R. & Gastin P. B. (2001). Energy system contribution during 200- to 1500-m running in highly trained athletes. Med. Sci. Sport Exer. 1, 157-162.
- Jastrzębski, Z. (1995). Selected aspects of the assessment of anaerobic capacity by applying the Wingate-test. Biol. Sport 12(3), 131-135.
- Calbet, J. A. L., Chavarren J. & Dorato C. (1997). Fractional use of aerobic capacity during a 30 and 45-s Wingate test. Eur. J. Appl. Physiol. 76, 308-313.
- Van Ingen Schenau, G. J., Jacobs R. & de Koning J. J. (1991). Can cycle power predict sprint running performance. Eur. J. App. Physiol. 63, 255-260.
- Nummela, A., Hämäläinen I. & Rusko H. (2007). Comparison of maximal anaerobic running tests on a treadmill and track. J. Sport Sci. 25(1), 87-96.[WoS]
- MacKenzie, B. (2005). 101 Performance Evaluation Tests (pp. 44-46). London: Electric Word plc.
- Dotan, R. & Bar-Or O. (1983). Load optimization for Wingate Anaerobic Test. Eur. J. Appl. Physiol. 51, 409-417.
- Staniak, Z. (1994). The system of information technology to the aid of efficiency tests led on cycloergometres. Trening 1, 251-257. [in Polish]
- Tharp, G. D., Newhouse R. K., Uffelman W. G., Thorland H. G. & Johnson G. O. (1985). Comparison of sprint and run times with performance on the Wingate Anaerobic Test. Res. Q. Exercise Sport 56, 73-76.
- Nesser, T. W., Latin R. W., Berg K. & Prentice E. (1996). Physiological determinants of 40-meter sprint performance in young male athletes. J. Strength Cond. Res. 10, 263-267.
- Almuzaini, K. S. (2000). Optimal peak and mean power on the Wingate test: relationship with sprint ability, vertical jump and standing long jump in boys. Pediatr. Exerc. Sci. 4, 349-359.
- Iskra, J., Zając A. & Waśkiewicz Z. (2006). Laboratory and field tests in evaluation of anaerobic fitness in elite hurdlers. J. Human Kinet. 16, 25-38.
- Jaskólski, A. & Jaskólska A. (2005). Basis of physiology of physical effort. Wrocław: AWF Wrocław. [in Polish]
- Bosco, C. (1983). A simple method for measurement of mechanical power in jumping. Eur. J. Appl. Physiol. 50, 273-282.
- Duncan, M. J. & Hankey J. (2010). Concurrent validity of the backwards overhead medicine ball throw as a test of explosive power in adolescents. Med. Sport 14(3), 102-107.
- Smirnotou, A., Katsikas C., Paradisis G., Argeitaki P., Zacharogiannis E. & Tziortzis S. (2008). Strength-power parameters as predictors of sprinting performance. J. Sport Med. Phys. Fit. 48(4), 447-454.
- Rusko, H., Nummela A. & Mero A. (1993). A new method for the evaluation of anaerobic running power in athletes. Eur. J. Appl. Physiol. 66, 97-101.
- Nummela, A., Alberts M., Rijntjes R., Luhtanen P. & Rusko H. (1996). Reliability and validity of the maximal anaerobic running test. Int. J. Sports Med. 17(2), 97-102 (suppl.).[Crossref]
- Nummela, A., Mero A., Stray-Gundersen J. & Rusko H. (1996). Important determinants of anaerobic running performance in male athletes and non-athletes. Int. J. Sports Med. 17(2), 91-96 (suppl.).[Crossref]
- Zagatto, A. M., Beck W. R., Gobatto C. A. (2009). Validity of the Running Anaerobic Sprint Test for assessing anaerobic power and predicting short-distance performances. J. Strength Cond. Res. 23(6), 1820-1827.[WoS][Crossref]
- Vandewalle, H., Pérès G. & Monod H. (1987). Standard anaerobic exercise tests. Sports Med. 4(4), 268-289.[PubMed][Crossref]
- Carvalho, H. M., Silva M. J., Figueiredo A. J., Gonçalves C. E., Philippaerts R. M., Castagna C. & et al. (2011). Predictors of maximal short-term power outputs in basketball players 14-16 years. Eur. J. Appl. Physiol. 111, 789-796.[WoS]
- Oliver, J. L. (2009). Is a fatigue index a worthwhile measure of repeated sprint ability? J. Sci. Med. Sport 12, 20-23.[WoS]
- Iskra, J. (2001). Morphological and Functional Conditionings of Results in Hurdles. Katowice: AWF Katowice. [in Polish]
Publication order reference