Elimination of Negative Character Features as an Element of Building a Positive Image of Physical Education Teacher
Languages of publication
Introduction. In the era of the development of a number of ways and forms of communication, positive image has become an important medium of information, including teacher-student relationships. One can now recognize it as one of the elements of effective implementation of the mandates of teaching and upbringing. The aim of this study was to determine what physical education teacher's features are most undesirable for senior high school students, and thus negatively affect his image. Material and methods. The study used the method of diagnostic survey, in which the questionnaire technique was used. The data obtained from 763 students of two senior high schools (484 females and 279 males) was analyzed. For statistical evaluation of the data the log-linear analysis method was used. Results.Quick temper and severity were found to be the features that the students found to be most undesirable in the physical education teacher. The choice of such features as: compliant, indulgent, moody and quick tempered was significantly dependent on gender (p<0.05), and such as strict, hesitant and distracted, significantly depended on both gender and grade (p<0.05). The school turned out to be a variable that did not differentiate significantly choices made by students. None of the independent variables conditioned the selection of such features as passive and unreliable. Conclusions. Knowing what features should not characterize a physical education teacher is one of the important elements that should be taken into account in the process of building a positive image of teachers. It can be assumed that the elimination or restriction of the expression of these features contributes significantly to the positive perception of teachers, and it is followed by improved relations with students and increased effectiveness of teaching and educational interactions.
1 - 9 - 2011
12 - 10 - 2011
- Echtner Ch.M. (2003). The meaning and measurement of destination image. J. Tourism Stud. 14(1), 37-48.
- Manke, M. P. (1993). The rural teacher in the early 1900s: sentimental image and hard reality. J. Res. Rural Educ. 9(2), 57-65.
- Sikorski, W. (2005). The image of the school in the opinion of students. Edukacja i Dialog 5, 54-57. [in Polish]
- Naidoo, P., Ramseook-Munhurrun P. & Durbarry R. (2010). Tourists' perspective of the brand image of Mauritius. Int. J. Management Market. Res. 3(3), 95-106.
- Seitel, F. P. (2001). The Practice of Public Relations. New Jersey: Prentice Hall.
- de Chernatony, L. (2001). From Brand Vision to Brand Evaluation: Strategically building and sustaining brands. Oxford: Butterworth-Heinemann.
- Dalley-Trim, L. (2007) Students' observations and perceptions of teacher "performances" in the classroom. Aust. J. Teacher Educ. 32(1), 18-35.
- Erdmann, R. (2009). Promoting health - a challenge to the school. Stud. Phys. Cult. Tourism 16(3), 269-280.
- Bailey, D., Mirwald R., Faulkner R., Fairburn R. & Owen W. (1982). Cardiorespiratory fitness in Canada: A current view. Can. Assoc. Health, Phys. Educ. & Recreation J. 49(2), 2-8.
- Sjolie, A. N. & Monness E. (2007). Truncus endurance, hip and ankle mobility and aerobic fitness in 15-year-old Norwegian adolescents in 1968 and 1997. Scand. J. Med. Sci. Spor. 17, 488-496.[WoS]
- Przewęda, R. & Dobosz J. (2003). Growth and physical fitness of Polish youths in two successive decades. J. Sport Med. Phys. Fit. 43(4), 465-74.
- Luke, M. D. & Sinclair G. D. (1991). Gender differences in adolescents attitudes toward school physical education. J. Teach. Phys. Educ. 11, 31-46.
- Kucharska, E., Szymczak M. & Pławińska L. (2003). Reasons for reluctance to participate in physical education classes in the opinion of students at different levels of education. In J. Jonkisz & M. Lewandowski (Eds.), Education in the reformed school (pp. 131-136). Wrocław: AWF Wrocław. [in Polish]
- Figley, G. E. (1985). Determinants of attitudes toward physical education. J. Teach. Phys. Educ. 4, 229-240.
- Demel, M. (1973). Critical Essays on Physical Culture. Warszawa: SiT.
- Musgrove, F. & Taylor P. H. (1972). Pupils' expectation of teachers. In A. Morison & D. Mcintyre (Eds.), The social psychology of teaching (pp. 171-182). Portsmouth: NH, Heineman.
- Arnona, S. & Reichelb N. (2007). Who is the ideal teacher? Am I? Similarity and difference in perception of students of education regarding the qualities of a good teacher and of their own qualities as teachers. Teachers Teach. Theor. Pract. 13(5), 441-464.
- Muszkieta, R. (2003). Teacher's manifestations of empathic behaviour in the process of monitoring and evaluating student achievement in physical education. In J. Jonkisz & M. Lewandowski (Eds.), Education in the reformed school (pp. 131-136). Wrocław: AWF Wrocław. [in Polish]
- Włodarski, Z. & Matczak A. (1987). Introduction to psychology. Warszawa: Wydawnictwa Szkolne i Pedagogiczne. [in Polish]
- Turhan, M. (2010). Social justice perceptions of teacher candidates. Educ. Res. Rev. 5(11), 668-673.
- Cieśliń.ski, R. (1991). Preparation for the Profession and Social Position of Physical Education Teachers. Warszawa: AWF Warszawa. [in Polish]
- Poleszak, W. & Bogucki J. (2000). Personality features of selected groups of teachers in view of psychological analysis. Edukacja, Studia, Badania, Innowacje 1, 30-43. [in Polish]
- Zieliński, J. (2001). The modern image of the physical education teacher created by high school students. Przegląd Naukowy Instytutu Wychowania Fizycznego i Zdrowotnego Uniwersytetu Rzeszowskiego 4, 413-419. [in Polish]
- Basiaga-Pasternak, J. (2002). Physical education teacher in the opinion of high school students. Studia Humanistyczne 2, 31-40 [in Polish].
- Brouwers, A. & Tomic W. (2000). A longitudinal study of teacher burnout and perceived self-efficacy in classroom management. Teach. Teach. Educ. 16(2), 239-253.
- Abel, M. H. & Sewell J. (1999). Stress and burnout in rural and urban secondary school teachers. J. Educ. Res. 92(5), 287-293.
- Nixon, A., Packard A. & Douvanis G. (2010). Non-renewal of probationary teachers: negative retention. Education 131(1), 43-52.
Publication order reference