PL EN


Preferences help
enabled [disable] Abstract
Number of results
2011 | 18 | 1 | 59-63
Article title

The Importance of Parents' Education in the Morphofunctional Development of Adolescent Boys from the Lublin Region

Content
Title variants
Languages of publication
EN
Abstracts
EN
Introduction. Given the unfavorable economic conditions prevailing in Poland at the turn of the century (system transformation), it seemed advisable to investigate whether parents' education, generally associated positively with the economic situation of the family, still plays an important role in somatic and motor development of their children. Material and methods. The study involved 715 boys, aged 10, 14 and 18, born in the years 1988-1996 and coming from one of the least economically developed region of the country (Lubelskie Vivodeship). Because of parents' education, respondents were divided into two groups: born in families with higher (A) and lower (B) education. Somatic development was assessed based on measurements of height, weight and BMI, and physical fitness on the basis of Eurofit test. Arithmetic means of the somatic and fitness features was normalized according to the arithmetic means and SD of the whole material. Results. Group A was characterized by higher values of the somatic parameters and lower values of motor parameters as compared to group B. Standardization of the results showed that the larger deviation from the average value for the whole material in most somatic and certain fitness features occurred in group B. Conclusions. Despite the unfavorable economic conditions, in which surveyed boys were born and grew up, there was a positive relationship between education of parents and somatic development. This dependency was not observed in the case study of the impact of education of parents on the physical fitness of boys.
Publisher
Year
Volume
18
Issue
1
Pages
59-63
Physical description
Dates
published
1 - 3 - 2011
online
16 - 5 - 2011
References
  • Przewęda, R. & Dobosz J. (2003). Physical condition of Polish youth. Warsaw: Studia i Monografie AWF Warszawa, 98. [in Polish]
  • Przewęda, R. & Trześniowski R. (1996). Physical condition of Polish youth in view of research of 1989. Warsaw: Studia i Monografie AWF Warszawa. [in Polish]
  • Brodersen, N. H., Steptoe A., Boniface D. R. & Wardle J. (2007). Trends in physical activity and sedentary behaviour in adolescence: ethnic and socioeconomic differences. Br. J. Sports Med. 41(3), 140-144.[WoS]
  • Charzewska, J., Wajszczyk B., Chabros E. & Rogalska-Niedźwiedź M. (2006). Physical activity in Poland in different groups according to age and gender. In M. Jarosz (Ed.) Obesity, nutrition, physical activity, health of the Poles. Warsaw: Instytut Żywności i Żywienia. [in Polish]
  • CSO - Central Statistical Office. (2006). Health Condition of Polish Population in 2004. Warsaw. [in Polish]
  • Bielicki, T., Szklarska A., Kozieł S. & Welon Z. (2003). System transformation in Poland in view of anthropologic study of 19-year old males. Wrocław: Monografie Zakładu Antropologii PAN, 23. [in Polish]
  • Eurofit. (1988). European Test of Physical Fitness. Rome: Council of Europe, Committee for the Development of Sport.
  • Raczek, J. (1987). Developmental Conditions of Sports Education of Children and Adolescents. Katowice: AWF Katowice. [in Polish]
  • Kozakiewicz, K., Tendera M., Piwoński J., Głuszek J., Wiercińska E., Bielecki W. & et al. (2005). Social-economic factors and their differences in the Polish population. Results of WOBASZ project. Kardiologia Polska 63(6) (supl. 4), S1-S6. [in Polish]
  • Mleczko, E. (1991). The Course and Determinants of Functional Development of Children in Cracow between 7 and 14 Years of Age. Cracow: Wydawnictwo Monograficzne AWF Kraków, 44. [in Polish]
  • Bodzsár, É. B. (1999). Socio-economic factors and body composition. Int. J. Anthropol. 14(1-2), 171-180.[Crossref]
  • Eiben, O. G. & Mascie-Taylor C. G. N. (2004). Children's growth and socio-economic status in Hungary. Econ. Hum. Biol. 2, 295-320.[Crossref]
  • Rożnowski, J., Cymek L., Drozd M., Jeka S., Czarny W. & Czaja R. (2003). Influence of some environmental factors on the development of children and youth from rural areas of Pomorze at the end of the 90s and early twenty-first century. Przegląd Naukowy Kultury Fizycznej Uniwersytetu Rzeszowskiego 1-2, 89-107. [in Polish]
  • Datar, A., Sturm R. & Magnabosco J. L. (2004). Childhood overweight and academic performance. National study of kindergartners and first-graders. Obes. Res. 12, 58-68.[Crossref][PubMed]
  • Resiak, M. (2005). Parents' education and physical development of 6-7-year-old children in 1994 and 2003. In T. Lisicki & et al. (Eds.) Healthy lifestyle. Social conditions (pp. 447-452). Gdańsk: AWFiS Gdańsk. [in Polish]
  • Zadarko-Domaradzka, M. & Tlałka E. (2007). Influence of socioeconomic factors on variation in height and weight of children. Przegląd Medyczny Uniwersytetu Rzeszowskiego 1, 24-29. [in Polish]
  • Westephal, O. (1995). Normal growth and growth disorders in children. A. Odontol. Scand. 53, 174-178.
  • Cernerud, L. (1994). Are there still social inequalities in height and body mass index of Stockholm children? Scand. J. Soc. Med. 22, 161-165.
  • Martinchick, A. N., Baturin A. K., Feoktistova A. I., Zemluianskaia T. A., Azizbekian G. A., Baeva V. S. & et al. (1997). Monitoring foot consumption and nutritional status of Moscow schoolchildren in 1992-1994. Antropometric evaluation of nutritional status, effect of social factors on the character and status of nutrition. Voprosy Pitanija 1, 1-9. [in Russian]
  • Bronikowski, M. (1997). Parents' education and motor efficiency of their children. Roczniki Naukowe AWF Poznań 45, 61-73. [in Polish]
  • Szklarska, A. (1998). Social Differences in Physical Fitness of Children and Adolescents in Poland. Wroclaw: Monografie Zakładu Antropologii PAN, 17. [in Polish]
  • Cieśla, E. & Nowak-Starz G. (2007). Environmental differentiation of morphofunctional development of children and adolescents aged 10-16. Studia Medyczne Akademii Świętokrzyskiej 8, 21-32. [in Polish]
  • Jaworski, J. & Szopa J. (1998). Genetic and social conditions of selected somatic and motor predispositions of rural population in Żywiecczyzna. Antropomotoryka 18, 15-47. [in Polish]
  • Malina, R. M. (1989). Training for sport and puberty. In Z. Laron & A. D. Rogol (Eds.), Hormones and sport. New York: Serano Symposia Publications from Raven Press, 55.
Document Type
Publication order reference
YADDA identifier
bwmeta1.element.-psjd-doi-10_2478_v10197-011-0005-7
Identifiers
JavaScript is turned off in your web browser. Turn it on to take full advantage of this site, then refresh the page.