Preferences help
enabled [disable] Abstract
Number of results
2011 | 18 | 1 | 3-9
Article title

Diabetes Vs. Physical Exercise

Title variants
Languages of publication
Diabetes is a disease affecting people of all races in the world, it can appear at any age. It is considered to be social disease due to the incidence and complications. It is a disease of complex etiology, classified as a metabolic disease with chronic hyperglycemia. It requires intensive hypoglicemizing therapy. There are two types of diabetes: type I and type II with different etiologies and varied clinical picture.In the case of prolonged illness serious complications develop, from which, however, the sick may be saved, on condition of the patient's absolute submission to the rigors of treatment. It is possible to live an active life and even practice sports. Extremely important in this case is the correct blood glucose, providing for adjusted glucose homeostasis, which is promoted by physical activity. Physical exercise can be an important therapeutic agent in treating diabetes, provided the criteria of its physiological tolerance are determined. It is vital that an individual approach to the patient is made, associated with the duration of the disease and existing complications. Patient education in monitoring patients' glucose levels is important, i.e. the efficiency in the implementation of individual insulin therapy and hyperglycemia or hypoglycemia self-prevention during and after physical exercise. Patients who decide to practice sport should find the optimal way to control exercise, and diet during and after exercise, then the sporting success is possible.
Physical description
1 - 3 - 2011
16 - 5 - 2011
  • Szepietowska, N., Szelachowska M. & Kinalska J. (2003). LADA - late autoimmune diabetes in adults - definition, clinical characteristics. Magazyn Medyczny, Diabetologia 8(5), 20-25. [in Polish]
  • Tatoń, J. (2009). How to develop urgently needed universal and pragmatic program for diabetes control in Poland, increasing the opportunities of obtaining better medico-social results of for 2 million people with diabetes. Med. Metaboliczna 13(4), 9-17. [in Polish]
  • Atkinson, M. A. & Eisenbarth G. S. (2001). Type I diabetes: new perspectives on disease pathogenesis and treatment. Lancet 358, 221-229.[WoS][PubMed][Crossref]
  • Kinalska, J. (1999). Impaired insulin secretion or insulin resistance. Endokrynologia Polska 50 Supp. 1, 25-28. [in Polish]
  • Zdrojowy, K., Bednarska-Chabowska D. & Adamiec R. (2003). Macro and micropathy in clinical picture of diabetes. 8(5), 55-61. [in Polish]
  • Zdrojowy, K., Bednarska-Chabowska D. & Adamiec R. (2003). Macro and micropathies in clinical picture of diabetes. Magazyn Medyczny, Diabetologia VIII (110), 5, 55-61. [in Polish]
  • Zdrojowy, K., Sutkowska E. & Adamiec R. (2005). Physical exercise and metabolic control. Med. Sportowa 21(5), 370-372. [in Polish]
  • Czech, A., Tatoń J. & Bernas M. (2000). Compendium of diabetology (pp. 8 A-136). Gdańsk: Via Medica. [in Polish]
  • Zierath, J. R., Krook A. & Wallberg-Henriksson H. (2000). Insulin action and insulin resistance human skeletal muscle. Diabetologia 43, 821-35.[Crossref][PubMed]
  • Ganong, W. F. (1994). Physiology. Basics of medical physiology (pp. 407-435). Warsaw: Wydawnictwo Lekarskie PZWL. [in Polish]
  • Tatoń, J. (2003). Cardio-diabetology - the need for intensive cooperation of diabetologists and cardiologists in research and at the patient's bedside. Magazyn Medyczny. Diabetologia 8(10), 17-19. [in Polish]
  • Guma, A., Zierath J. R., Wallberg-Henriksson H. & Klipa A. (1995). Insulin induces translocation of GLUT-4 glucose transporters in human skeletal muscle. Am. J. Physiol. 268, E613-E622.
  • Baron, A. D., Wallace P. & Brechtel W. (1987). In vivo regulation of non-insulin mediated and insulin mediated glucose uptake by cortisol. Diabetes 36, 1230-1237.[PubMed][Crossref]
  • Fink, R. J., Wallace P., Brechtel G. & Olefsky J. M. (1992). Evidence that glucose transport is rate-limiting for in vivo glucose uptake. Metabolism 41, 867-902.
  • Otto-Buczkowska, E. & Jarosz-Chobot P. (2001). Effect of physical exercise on glucose homeostasis in people with diabetes. Med. Metaboliczna 2, 37-41. [in Polish]
  • Bernas, M. (2001). Tolerance of physical exercise as a factor in determining the use of physical training therapy in people with diabetes. Med. Metaboliczna 5(3), 57-70. [in Polish]
  • Chang, P. Y., Jensen J., Printz R. L. & et al. (1996). Over expression of hexokinase II in transgenic mice. J. Biol. Chem. 271, 14834-9.
  • Hjeltnes, N., Galuska D., Bjomholm M. & et al. (1998). Exercise - indiced over expression of key regulatory proteins involved in glucose uptake and metabolism in tetraplegic persons: molecular mechanism for improved glucose homeostatis. FASEB J. 12, 1701-12.
  • Perseghen, G., Scifo P., De Cobelli F. & et al. (1996). Increased glucose transport phosphorylase and muscle glycogen synthesis after exercise training in insulin resistant subjects. N. Engl. J. Med. 335, 1357-1361.
  • Lutosławska, G. (2001). Impact of physical exercise on glucose transport to muscles. Med. Sportiva 5(1), 9-15. [in Polish]
  • Vukovich, M. D., Arciero P. J., Kohrt W. M. & Racette S. B. (1996). Changes in insulin action and GLUT-4 with 6 days of inactivity in endurance runners. J. Appl. Physiol. 80, 240-244.
  • Carolyn, C. J. (2003). Diabetes vs. exercise. Med. Sportiva 7(1), 49-57. [in Polish]
  • Surdej, B. & Furgal W. (2006), Physical exercise in patients treated by insulin for diabetes. Med. Sport. Practica 7(2), 22-25. [in Polish]
  • American Diabetes Association. (1998). Nutrition recommendation and principles for people with diabetes mellitus. Diabetes Care 21 (supl. 1), S 32-35.
  • Jarosz, M. (2006). Obesity, Nutrition, Physical Activeness, Health of Poles. Warsaw: IŻŻ. [in Polish]
  • Giacca, A., Groenwoud Y., Tsui E., Mc Cean P. & Zinman B. (1998). Glucose production, utilization and cycling in response to modern exercise in obese subjects with type 2 diabetes and mild hyperglycemia. Diabetes 47(11), 1763-70.[Crossref]
  • American Diabetes Association Clinical Practice Recommendations. (1999). Diabetes mellitus and exercise. Diabetes Care, 22, Supp. 1.
  • Dorchy, H. (2002). Sports and type I diabetes: personal experience. Rev. Med. Brux 23, A 211-217.
  • Kelley, D. B. (1996). American Diabetes Association Complete Guide to Diabetes (pp. 88-91, 159-169, 229, 258, 266). Alexandria: VA: American Diabetes Association.
  • Wasserman, D. H. & Zinman B. (1994). Exercise in individuals IDDM (Technical Review). Diabetes Care 17, 924-937.
  • American Diabetes Association. (2001). Diabetes mellitus and exercise. Med. Sportowa 17(9), 359-364.
  • Guillausseau, P. J. & Jennings P. E. (Eds.) (2000). Preventing complications in type II diabetes. Gdańsk: VM VIA MEDICA, 32. [in Polish]
  • American Diabetes Association. (2002). Position statement: diabetes mellitus and exercise. Diabetes Care 25 (suppl 1), S64
  • Zinker, B. A. (1999). Nutrition and exercise in individuals with diabetes. Clin. Sports Med. 18(3), 585-606.[PubMed][Crossref]
  • Szczeklik-Kumala, Z., Czech A. & Taton J. (2000). Tolerance of physical exercise as a factor in determining the use of physical training in people with diabetes. Med. Metaboliczna 7(6), 205-212. [in Polish]
  • Astrand, P. O. & Ryhming I. (1954). A monogram for calculation of aerobic capacity (physical fitness) from pulse rate during submaximal work. J. Appl. Physiol. 7, 218-221.
  • Peirce, N. S. (1999). Diabetes and exercise. Br. J. Sport Med. 33(3), 161-72; 172-173; 222.
  • Tanaka, H., Monahan K. D. & Seals D. R. (2001). Age-predicted maximal heart rate revisited. J. Am. Coll. Cardiol. 37, 153-156.[Crossref]
  • Devlin, J. T. & Ruderman N. B. (Ed.) (1995). Diabetes and exercise: the risk - benefit profile (pp. 3-4). Am. Diabetes Association.
  • Colberg, S. R. & Swaln D. P. (2000). Exercise and diabetes control. The Physician and Sports Medicine 4, 63-67
  • Noczyńska, A. (2009). How to prepare a patient with type I diabetes to treatment with personal insulin pump. Med. Metaboliczna 13(2), 38-44. [in Polish]
  • Maynard, T. (1991). Exercise: Part I Physiological response to exercise in diabetes mellitus. Diabetes Educ. 17, 196-206.[PubMed][Crossref]
  • Bronus, F. (1993). Nutritional Needs of Athletes. Canada: John Wiley and Sons.
  • Ziemlański, Ś. & Niedźwiecka-Kącik D. (1997). Nutrition and healthcare recommendations for athletes. Warsaw: Biblioteka Trenera, Centralny Ośrodek Sportu. [in Polish]
Document Type
Publication order reference
YADDA identifier
JavaScript is turned off in your web browser. Turn it on to take full advantage of this site, then refresh the page.