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2010 | 48 | 1 | 5-14

Article title

Sport and Social Deviations - a Prognostic Attitude



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The author focuses his attention first of all on social deviations which play a negative role in highly competitive sport. He tries to define - from the viewpoint of philosophy - how they will influence its future form.He proclaims that in philosophy there are at least two options:a. the one negating justifiability of philosophical statements on the future,b. the one affirming that justifiability - after Aurelius Augustine and Hegel.The author takes into account the second viewpoint and comes to the conclusion that as a philosopher (not a futurologist) he has the right to formulate hypothetical statements (referring to assumptions of the metaphysical hypothesis) on the influence of deviations on sport in the future.He pays attention first of all to increasing aggression - both in forms permitted and not permitted by the regulations - and the growing number of injuries among athletes. He maintains that both those injuries as well as phenomena connected with commercialization - such as reification, atomization and alienation (constituting reasons for possible disorders in the field of physical, mental and relational health) will contribute to worsening the image and deformation of sense and essence neither of sport as such, nor of particular sports. This also applies to corruption, poaching, fans' frustration and aggression, doping, alcoholism and nicotinism.He maintains also that social deviations coming from political, ideological, religious, racial and other similar factors will be less and less significant (admittedly they will not disappear, but their number and influence will be considerably limited).









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1 - 6 - 2010
21 - 7 - 2010


  • Josef Pilsudski University of Physical Education in Warsaw, Poland


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  • Kosiewicz, J. (2009a). Aggressive Behaviour in Sport. In Philosophy of Sport: From Methodology to Ethics. Warsaw: Wydawnictwo BK.
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  • Møller, V. & Nauright, J. (Eds.) (2003). The Essence of Sport. Odense: University Press of Southern Denmark.

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