PL EN


Preferences help
enabled [disable] Abstract
Number of results
2012 | 4 | 3 | 180-188
Article title

The State of Knowledge of Dietary, Physiological and Pharmacological Supplementation and the Preferential Use of These Substances by Persons Practising Recreational Bodybuilding

Content
Title variants
Languages of publication
EN
Abstracts
EN
Background: The aim of the study was to establish preferential use of dietary, physiological and pharmacological supplementation by persons practising recreational bodybuilding and to check whether it results from the respondents’ knowledge or whether it is accidental.Material/Methods: The group of subjects comprised 100 persons practising recreational bodybuilding in four well-known Lodz gyms. In the study the method of a diagnostic survey was used. A questionnaire containing 31 closed and opened questions constituted the research tool.Results: It was demonstrated that the state of knowledge concerning dietary supplementation is insufficient, despite its optimistic self-assessment, and because of that the preferences as to the applied nutrients are inappropriate. The knowledge of physiological supplementation substances and preferences of their use seem appropriate, although the multitude of the mentioned means can attest to information chaos in this respect. Results of the poll seem to show that the problem of illegal pharmacological supplementation refers not only to professional sports but also, unfortunately, to recreation.Conclusions: It is recommended to conduct a widespread informative action among persons practising recreational bodybuilding to make them aware of dietary supplementation. The majority of respondents have a sufficient level of knowledge of means of physiological supplementation, and preferences of using them seem correct. Even though the state of knowledge concerning health complications hazards when taking prohibited pharmacological supplementation should be regarded as high, still the majority of the subjects (58%) do not reject the possibility of using it. Inconsistencies of attitudes among persons practising bodybuilding recreationally manifest themselves through simultaneous support for anti-doping tests and the desire to take advantage of unlawful pharmacological supplementation.
Publisher
Year
Volume
4
Issue
3
Pages
180-188
Physical description
Dates
published
1 - 10 - 2012
received
accepted
online
29 - 10 - 2012
References
  • 1. Antonio J, Stout JR. Supplements for endurance athletes. Champaign, Ill.: Human Kinetics; 2003.[WoS]
  • 2. Corrigan B, Kaslauskas R. Mission Statement 2002. International Olympic Committee (IOC). on-line [www.sports-drugs.com/aps/ss_aboutus.asp] [accessed on april 2012]
  • 3. George AJ. Anaerobic steroids. Drugs in Sport. Champaign, Ill.: Human Kinetics Books; 1988, 59-79.
  • 4. Harris RG, Viru M, Greenhaff PL, Hultman E. The effect of oral creatine supplementation on running performance during maximal short-term exercise in man. J Physiol 1993;467:74P.
  • 5. Hervey GR, Knibbs AV, Burkinshaw L, et al. Effects of methandienone on the performance and body composition of men undergoing athletic training. Clinical Sci 1981;60:457-461.
  • 6. Jagiełło W, Kruszewski M, Banach J. Effects of creatine supplementation on body mass and muscle girths in bodybuilders. Physical Education and Sport 2010;54(3):133-137.
  • 7. Jarosz M, editor. Suplementy diety a zdrowie [in Polish] [Dietary supplements and health]. Warszawa: Wydawnictwo Lekarskie PZWL; 2008.
  • 8. Jeffrey J. Supplements for strength-power athletes. Champaign, Ill.: Human Kinetics; 2002.
  • 9. Kleiner SM. Power Eating. Champaign, Ill.: Human Kinetics; 2003.
  • 10. Kreider RB, Ferreira M, Wilson M. et al. Effects of creatine supplementation on body composition, strength and sprint performance. Med Sci Sports Exerc 1998;30(1):73-82.[Crossref][PubMed]
  • 11. Kruszewski M. Efektywność metod rozwijania siły mięśniowej i suplementacji żywieniowej w aspekcie zmian potencjału ruchowego i składu ciała ćwiczących [in Polish] [The effectiveness of methods of developing muscle mass and dietary supplementation in view of changes in motor potential and body composition of exercising persons]. Studia i Monografie nr 129. Warszawa: Wydawnictwo AWF; 2009.
  • 12. Kruszewski M. Metody treningu i podstawy żywienia w sportach siłowych [in Polish] [Methods of training and basics of nutrition in strength sports]. Warszawa: COS; 2007.
  • 13. Kruszewski M. Changes in maximal strength and body composition after different methods of developing muscle strength and supplementation with creatine, L-carnitine and HMB. Biology of Sport 2011;28(2): 145-150.[WoS]
  • 14. Platonow V, editor. Doping I ergogennyiesredstva v sporte [in Russian] [Doping and ergogenic agents in sport]. Kiev: Olimpijska Literatura; 2003.
  • 15. Pokrywka A, Kwiatkowska D, Obmiński Z, Turek-Lepa E, Grucza R. Problem zanieczyszczenia odżywek środkami uznanymi za dopingujące w sporcie [in Polish] [The problem of contaminating supplements with substances considered as doping in sport]. Medicina Sportiva Practica 2004;5(4):115-120.
  • 16. Rosenblum CA, editor. Sport Nutrition. A guide for the professional working with active people. Chicago, Illinois: The American Dietetic Association; 1999.
  • 17. Segura J. Sport Drug Testing. JEC Scientific Conference: Doping In Sport - 2003. [on-line at: www.blues.usb.es/olimpic.studies/doping/segura.htm.:1-4] [accesses march 2012]
  • 18. Strumiło S. Rola witamin w organizmie w aspekcie wysiłku fizycznego [in Polish] [The role of vitamins in organism in view of physical effort]. Roczniki Naukowe Wyższe Szkoły Wychowania Fizycznego w Supraślu 2006: 58-60.
  • 19. Szczepańska B, Malczewska-Lenczowska J, Gajewski J. Zasadność stosowania odżywek przez reprezentantów kadry narodowej seniorów podnoszenia ciężarów na zgrupowaniu treningowym [in Polish] [Legitimacy of taking dietary supplements by senior national representatives in weightlifting at a training camp]. Żywność. Nauka. Technologia. Jakość 2009;4(65):327-336.
  • 20. Szyguła Z. Wsparcie ergogeniczne w sporcie [in Polish] [Ergogenic supplementation in sport]. In: Konferencja„Żywienie Ludzi Aktywnych: Korzyści Dobrej Diety, Korzyści Aktywnego Życia”, 5-6 Dec 2009. Warszawa: Centrum Olimpijskie PKOl; 2009.
  • 21. Thorensen E, McMillan J, Guion K, Joyner B. The Effect of Creatine Supplementation on Repeated Sprint Performance. Conference NSCA. J Strength Cond Res 1998;4(12):277.[WoS]
  • 22. Williams MH. Ergogennyie sredstva v sistemie sportivnoy trenirovki [in Russian] [Ergogenic agents in the sports training system]. Kiev: Olimpijska Literatura; 1997.
  • 23. Wilmore JH, Costill DL. Fizjologia sporta i dvigatelnoj aktivnosti [in Russian] [Physiology of sport and exercise]. Kiev: Olimpijska Literatura; 1997.
  • 24. Zając A, Waśkiewicz Z. Dietetyczno-treningowe wspomaganie zdrowia i sprawności fizycznej. Zasadność. [in Polish] [Dietary and training support for health and physical activity]. Katowice: AWF; 2001.
Document Type
Publication order reference
YADDA identifier
bwmeta1.element.-psjd-doi-10_2478_v10131-012-0019-7
Identifiers
JavaScript is turned off in your web browser. Turn it on to take full advantage of this site, then refresh the page.