Full-text resources of PSJD and other databases are now available in the new Library of Science.
Visit https://bibliotekanauki.pl


Preferences help
enabled [disable] Abstract
Number of results
2012 | 4 | 1 | 27-34

Article title

Body Height of Adult Men Coming from the Pomerania Province in the Context of Gradients and Social Differences, Age and the Level of Physical Activity



Title variants

Languages of publication



Background: This paper attempts to answer the following question: are there any gradients and social differences in a group of adult men coming from Pomerania Province resulting from their biological condition - body height.Material/Methods: Opinion polls were conducted in the years 2000-2007 in a group of 893 men aged 37-78 years. The subjects are fathers of first-year students of full-time studies at the Gdansk University of Physical Education and Sport (Poland). The questionnaire included open questions concerning the date and the place of birth, body height, education, performed job, social background and doing sport.Statistical analyses were conducted using Statistica 6.0 software. For continuous variables, the normality of distributions was verified using Shapiro-Wilk's test. In cases of abnormal distributions, medians were used and the differences between them were tested using the Mann-Whitney test or the Kruskal-Wallis test. The correlation link between quantitative variables was estimated calculating the Spearman rank-order correlation coefficient. Changes of specific values of the feature into an appropriate rank were made when the distribution of the variable did not have a normal character.Results: The correlation between the level of physical activity and body height in the adult age does not reach the level of statistical relevance. The highest values of body height are achieved by younger men coming from cities who have the intelligentsia background with higher education and perform intellectual jobs.Conclusions: Differentiated body height is an anthropological reflection of still existing socioeconomic inequalities and still can be one of the anthropological methods of following social inequalities in a group of adult men coming from the Pomerania Province.









Physical description


1 - 1 - 2012
4 - 4 - 2012


  • Gdansk University of Physical Education and Sport in Gdansk, Poland


  • Lindgreen G. Height, weight and menarche in Swedish urban school children. Ann Hum Biol 1976;3:501-528.
  • Brundtland G, Liestol K, Walloe L. Height, weight and menarche age of Oslo schoolchildren during the last 60 years. Ann Hum Biol 1980;7:307-322.
  • Statistical Yearbook of the Republic of Poland 2007. Central Statistical Office, Statistical Publishing Establishment: Warszawa; 2007.
  • Bielicki T, Szklarska A, Welon Z, Brajczewski C. Nierówności społeczne w Polsce. Antropologiczne badania poborowych w trzydziestoleciu (1965-1995) [In Polish] [Social inequalities in Poland. Anthropological studies of recruits in a 30-year period (1965-1995)]. Monografie Zakładu Antropologii PAN 1997; vol 16. Wrocław.
  • Kaczmarek M. Wpływ warunków życia na wzrastanie i rozwój człowieka [In Polish] [The influence of living conditions on human growth and development]. Poznań: Wydawnictwo Naukowe UAM; 1955.
  • Łaska-Mierzejewska T. Antropologia w sporcie i wychowaniu fizycznym. [In Polish] [Anthropology in sport and physical education]. Warszawa: Centralny Ośrodek Sportu; 1999.
  • Bielicki T, Welon Z, Żukowski W. Social-class differences in physique and physiological fitness. MPA 1988;109:123-140 [In Polish].
  • Brajczewski Cz. Body Weight of grown-up males, inhabitants of Polish towns in the years 1950-2000. MPA 1988; 95:43-80 [In Polish].
  • Jopkiewicz A. The influence social and Professional differentiation on some somatic features of workmen in Kielce region. MPA 1988;109:73-103 [In Polish].
  • Nowicki G. Zróżnicowanie morfologiczne i motoryczne a wiek i rodzaj pracy zawodowej mężczyzn [In Polish] [Men's morphological and motor differentiation and the age and type of professional work]. Poznań: Akademia Wychowania Fizycznego; 1989.
  • Szopa J. Variability of Basic somatic and functional traits in adult inhabitants of Cracow between age 19 and 62, with consideration of the socio-economic differentiation. MPA 1988;109:73-103 [In Polish].
  • Panek S. Secular changes and angling in stature (based on investigations of the population of the village Lutcza, voivodeship Rzeszów, Poland. MPA 1978; 95:23-42 [In Polish].
  • Wolański N. The problem of region, settlement and household as the environment of human development in contemporary civilization. Stud Hum Ecol 1988; suppl. 2:53-82 [In Polish].
  • Wolański N, Tomonari K, Januszko L, Liocheva V, Chung S, Tsushima S. Comparative study on socio-economic and biological properties of families from Bulgaria, Japan, South Korea and Poland. Stud Hum Ecol 1991;9:151-166.
  • Wójtowicz E. Próba ustalenia hierarchii czynników wpływających różnicująco na prawidłowy rozwój morfologiczny noworodka [In Polish] [An attempt at establishing a hierarchy of factors influencing the differentiation in the correct morphological development of a new-born baby]. Ph. D. dissertation. Medical University of Gdansk; 1999.
  • Wójtowicz E. Overweight in a family. Annales Universitatis Mariae Curie-Skłodowska 2004; 59, suppl. 14, 565, Section D:441-446 [In Polish].
  • Wójtowicz E. Occurrence of cardiovascular diseases in the parents of the first year daily students at the Academy of Physical Education and Sport in Gdansk. Annales Universitatis Mariae Curie-Skłodowska 2004; 59, suppl. 14, 565, Sectio D:435-440 [In Polish].
  • Wójtowicz E. Gender, age, education, self-evaluation of one's health, physical activity and probability of obesity occurrence. Medycyna Sportowa 2008;24(6):385-395.
  • Wójtowicz E. Gender, age, body weight, BMI, physical activity of adults and probability of the appearance of chronic diseases. In: Mosiewicz J, ed. Risk factors and prevention in a fight for health and wellness. Lublin: NeuroCentrum; 2008, 337-345.
  • Żarów R, Gołąb S, Chrzanowska M, Matusik S, Sobiecki J. Physical activity of the adult men (short communication). Annales Universitatis Mariae Curie-Skłodowska 2003; 58, suppl. 13, section D: 538-542 [In Polish].
  • Drygas W. Wysiłek fizyczny - panaceum, mit czy katastrofa [In Polish] [Physical effort - panacea, myth or disaster]. Medicina Sportiva 1997;1:37-41
  • Nowakowska M, Jeziorek A, Nowakowski R. Some relations between the physical activity, health condition and biological development of the students of Łódź University [In Polish] [Anthropology and medicine and health promotion]. In: Malinowski A., Łuczak B., Grabowska J, eds. Antropologia a medycyna i promocja zdrowia. Łódź: Wydawnictwo Uniwersytetu Łódzkiego; 1996, 294-303
  • Charzewski J. Aktywność sportowa Polaków [In Polish] [Physical activity of Poles]. Warszawa: Centralny Ośrodek Sportu; 1997.
  • Żarów R, Brudecki J, Chrzanowska M, et al. Budowa ciała i aktywność fizyczna osób dorosłych a ich rozwój biologiczny w okresie dziecięcym i młodzieńczym [In Polish] [Body build and physical activity of adults and their biological development in childhood and adolescence]. Żarów R, ed. Studia i Monografie, 36, Akademia Wychowania Fizycznego: Kraków; 2006
  • Panek S, Chrzanowska M, Sobiecki J, Figwer U. Rozwój somatyczny, fizjologiczny i psychiczny dzieci i młodzieży o różnym poziomie sprawności fizycznej w świetle badań długofalowych [In Polish] [Somatic, physiological and mental development of children and youth of a various level of physical fitness in view of long-term studies]. In: Bocheńska Z, Chrzanowska M, eds. Studia i Monografie. Akademia Wychowania Fizycznego: Kraków; 2006
  • Cieślik J, Drozdowska M, Malinowski A. Zjawiska rozwoju biologicznego człowieka [In Polish] [Phenomena of human biological development]. In: Malinowski A, Strzałko J, eds. Antropologia. Warszawa-Poznań: Państwowe Wydawnictwo Naukowe; 1989, 436-459.

Document Type

Publication order reference


YADDA identifier

JavaScript is turned off in your web browser. Turn it on to take full advantage of this site, then refresh the page.