Preferences help
enabled [disable] Abstract
Number of results
2010 | 2 | 1 | 30-35
Article title

Cardiorespiratory Responses to Submaximal Exercise in 16-18-Year-Old Trained and Untrained Boys

Title variants
Languages of publication
Background: The aim of this study was to compare chosen parameters and coefficients characterizing the action of the cardiovascular system and the respiratory system at a low level of a cycloergometric exercise in young boys practicing handball and their untrained peers. In the present study we searched for an answer to questions concerning the influence of physical training on children's organism in progressive youth development.Material/Methods: The technique of parallel groups was used: the experimental one (boys training handball, n=12) and the control one (not trained boys, n=58). The developmental age of the subjects was evaluated by percentile charts. A five-minute work on a bicycle ergometer was used to observe reaction of the organism to submaximal exercise below AT. During the test the parameters characterizing the respiratory and cardiovascular systems were measured by means of a gas analyzer Oxycon Pro Jaeger (Viasys) and Breath by Breath program.Results: We noted adapting changes in the circulatory system in young handball players. The group practicing handball showed a higher value of O2·HR-1 (p≤0.05) in comparison with the untrained boys. Oxygen deficit was higher in the trained group, but there were no statistically significant differences between the trained and untrained boys.Conclusions: Training during the biological progressive development causes adaptive changes in the cardiovascular system in the light of an increase in pulse oxygen (O2·HR-1) in submaximal work. Handball training during the biological progressive development causes an increase in oxygen deficit (Def. O2).

Physical description
1 - 1 - 2010
18 - 10 - 2010
  • Jedrzej Sniadecki Academy of Physical Education and Sport in Gdansk, Poland
  • Jedrzej Sniadecki Academy of Physical Education and Sport in Gdansk, Poland
  • Jedrzej Sniadecki Academy of Physical Education and Sport in Gdansk, Poland
  • Jedrzej Sniadecki Academy of Physical Education and Sport in Gdansk, Poland
  • Jedrzej Sniadecki Academy of Physical Education and Sport in Gdansk, Poland
  • Kozłowski S, Nazar K, Chwalbińska-Moneta J. Trening fizyczny - mechanizmy i efekty fizjologiczne [Physical training - mechnisms and physiological results]. In: Kozłowski S, Nazar K, editors. Wprowadzenie do fizjologii klinicznej [Propaedeutics to Clinical Philosophy]. Warszawa: PZWL; 1995, 290-324 [in Polish].
  • Bouchard C. Genetic determinant of endurance performance. In: Shepard R, Astrand P, editors. Endurance in Sport. Oxford: Blackwell Scientific; 2003, 149-162.
  • Bar-Or O, Zwiren L. Physiological effects of increased frequency of physical education classes and of endurance conditioning on 9 to 10 year-old girls and boys. In: Procedings 4th International Pediatric Work Physiology. Natanya: Wingate Institute, 1973, 190-208.
  • Rowland TW. Trainability of the cardiorespiratory system during childhood. Can J Sport Sci 1992;17:259-263.
  • Palczewska I, Niedźwiecka Z. Wskaźniki rozwoju somatycznego dzieci i młodzieży warszawskiej [Indicators of somatic development in Warsaw children and youth]. Medycyna Wieku Rozwojowego 2001:5(supl 1):17-118 [in Polish].
  • Wątroba J. Zaawansowane metody analizy danych empirycznych - techniki analizy wariancji i analizy regresji [Advanced methods of emipirical data analysis - techniques of ANOVA and regression analysis]. Kraków: StatSoft Polska, 2007 [in Polish].
  • Jensen K, Johansen L, Liwendahl F. One-year changes in physical performance in word-class team handball players from Danish national youth teams. In: Procedings of 5th IOC World Congress. Parke-Devis; 1999, 198.
  • Wilmore JH, Costill DL. Age and sex considerations in sport and exercise. In: Wilmore JH, Costill DL, editors. Physiology of sport and exercise. 3th ed. Champaign, Ill.: Human Kinetics; 2004, 512-537.
  • Gondorowicz K, Kuński H, Różniczki J. Badania układu oddechowego [Research on the respiratory system]. In: Traczyk WZ, editor. Diagnostyka czynnościowa człowieka - fizjologia stosowana [Activity diagnostics of a human - applied physiology]. Warszawa: PZWL; 1999, 473-494 [in Polish].
  • Nazar K. Czynność układu krążenia podczas wysiłku [Activity of the circulatory system during effort]. In: Górski J, editor. Fizjologiczne podstawy wysiłku fizycznego [Physiological bases of physical effort]. Warszawa: PZWL; 2001, 230-235 [in Polish].
  • Szczęsna-Kaczmarek A. Charakterystyka fizjologiczna przejścia z deficytu tlenu w stan steady-state podczas wysiłku fizycznego submaksymalnego: Porównanie dzieci i młodych dorosłych [in Polish] [Physiological characteristic of transition from an oxygen deficit to steady state during submaximal exercise: Comparison of children and young adults]. Ann Univ Mariae Curie-Sklodowska 2005, LX, suppl. XVI, 527:335-339 [in Polish].
  • Szczęsna-Kaczmarek A, Ziemann E, Kaczmarek-Kusznierewicz P, Grzywacz T. Relation between deficit oxygen and maximal oxygen uptake in untrained and trained 13-years-old boys: comparison with young adult athletes. Ann Univ Mariae Curie-Sklodowska 2006;LX, suppl. XVI, 781:389-392.
  • Rannou F., Prioux J., Zouhal H., Grates-Delemarche A., Delemarche P. Physiological profile of handball players. J. Sports Med Phys Fitness, 2001 Sep; 41(3):349-53.
Document Type
Publication order reference
YADDA identifier
JavaScript is turned off in your web browser. Turn it on to take full advantage of this site, then refresh the page.