Full-text resources of PSJD and other databases are now available in the new Library of Science.
Visit https://bibliotekanauki.pl


Preferences help
enabled [disable] Abstract
Number of results
2010 | 2 | 2 | 113-123

Article title

Physical Performance, Body Composition and Body Balance in Relation to National Ranking Positions in Young Polish Tennis Players


Title variants

Languages of publication



Background: Tennis is characterized with short and intermittent efforts of an altering intensity and time where numerous factors determine the achieved success. Some of them include human's morphological body build, motor abilities and efficiency of the energetic systems. Both motor abilities and physical capacity appear to be particularly significant due to the unpredictable time and weather situation of the tournaments. The purpose of this study was to determine the relationship between body composition, aerobic capacity and the balance in young tennis players at rest and during fatigue triggered by an endurance test. Moreover, we tried to find the correlation between the tennis ranking position and the balance.Material/Methods: Well-trained 16 young tennis players (15 and 17 years old, singles national ranking 3-39, average training experience of 9 years) took part in this study. They were assigned to two groups according to their age - 15 TG and 17 TG. Participants completed the same battery of body composition, aerobic, and body balance assessments. Body balance measurement was repeated twice - before and after the aerobic assessment.Results: The main finding of this study points out the body balance to be a motor ability influencing results achieved in the specific tennis drill. This connection was observed in both of the tested groups; however, it was particularly significant within 17 TG.Conclusions: The presented study does not point out the main factor to focus on when conducting a career of a professional tennis player regardless of the numerous tests and measurements included in the analysis observed. Interesting correlations may suggest that for the players in a developmental age it is speed and balance that ought to be more intensively developed.









Physical description


1 - 1 - 2010
20 - 12 - 2010


  • Jedrzej Sniadecki Academy of Physical Education and Sport in Gdansk, Poland
  • Eugeniusz Piasecki Academy of Physical Education in Poznan, Poland
  • Eugeniusz Piasecki Academy of Physical Education in Poznan, Faculty of Physical Education in Gorzow Wlkp., Poland
  • Eugeniusz Piasecki Academy of Physical Education in Poznan, Faculty of Physical Education in Gorzow Wlkp., Poland
  • Eugeniusz Piasecki Academy of Physical Education in Poznan, Faculty of Physical Education in Gorzow Wlkp., Poland
  • Jedrzej Sniadecki Academy of Physical Education and Sport in Gdansk, Poland
  • Jedrzej Sniadecki Academy of Physical Education and Sport in Gdansk, Poland
  • Warsaw School of Social Sciences and Humanities, Department of Physiotherapy, Sopot, Poland


  • Perkins RH, Davis D. Musculoskeletal injuries in tennis. Phys Med Rehabil Clin North Am 2006;17:609-631.[Crossref]
  • Babette P, Miller S, Dines, et al. Sport science and medicine in tennis. Br J Sport Med 2007;41:703.[WoS]
  • Jarocki A, Markiewicz G, Starosta W. Selected elements of movement co-ordination as affected by prolonged training loads in tennis at high ambient temperature. Medycyna Sportowa 2001;17(115):67-70.
  • Malliou VJ, Beneka GA, Gioftsidou AF, et al. Young tennis players and balance performance. J Strength Cond Res 2010;24(2):389.[Crossref][PubMed]
  • Malliou VJ, Vasiliki J, Malliou P, et al. Balance exercise program before or after a tennis training session? J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil 2008;21(2):87.
  • Petersen C. Fit to play - tennis. Sport Ex Dynamics 2006;8:9-13.
  • Psalman V. Dynamic balance and its diagnostics by using 3D biomechanical analysis. Facta Universitatis: Series Physical Education & Sport 2008;6 2:105-109.
  • Filipčič A, Filipčič T. The relationship of tennis-specific motor abilities and the competition efficiency young female tennis players. Kinesiology 2005;37(2):164-172.
  • Portao J, Bescós R, Irurtia A, Cacciatori E, Vallejo L. Assessment of body fat in physically active young people: anthropometry vs bioimpedance. Nutr Hosp 2009;Sep-Oct;24(5):529-34.[PubMed][WoS]
  • Lim JS, Hwang JS, Lee JA, et al. Cross-calibration of multi-frequency bioelectrical impedance analysis with eight-point tactile electrodes and dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry for assessment of body composition in healthy children aged 6-18 years. Pediatr Int 2009;Apr;51(2):263-8.
  • Smekal G, Pokan R, von Duvillard SP, Baron R, Tschan H, Bachl N. Comparison of Laboratory and "On-Court" Endurance Testing in Tennis. Int J Sports Med 2000;21:242-249.[Crossref]
  • Żurek P, Rynkiewicz M, Rynkiewicz T, Kos H. The level of the ability to maintain static balance in competitors of cyclic sport at the stage of directed training. Studies in Physical Culture and Tourism 2010, in press.
  • Ziemann E, Garsztka T. Body composition and anaerobic performance in young tennis players. In: Miller S. Capel-Davis J, editors. Tennis science and technology. Ed. 3. London: International Tennis Federation, 2007; 145-151.
  • Ziemann E, Garsztka T. Anaerobic performance during intermittent exercise and body composition in tennis players of different biological and chronological ages. In: Lees A, Carbello D, Torres G, editors. Science and Racket Sports IV. Oxon: Routledge, 2009; 22-28.
  • Porada K, Kruczyński J, Zieliński W. Dynamika zmian sprawności fizycznej zawodników w tenisie [Dynamics of changes physical fitness in tennis players]. Medycyna Sportowa 2007;2(6):106-112.
  • Sánchez-Muñoz C, Sanz D, Zabala M. Anthropometric characteristics, body composition and somatotype of elite junior tennis players. Br J Sports Med 2007;41:793-799.[Crossref][WoS]
  • Crespo M, Miley D. International Tennis Federation Advanced Coaches Manuals. London: International Tennis Federation, 1998.
  • Kovacs MS. Tennis physiology: training the competitive athlete. Sports Med 2007;37(3):189-98.[Crossref][WoS][PubMed]
  • Banzer W, Thiel C, Rosenhagen A, Vogt L. Tennis ranking related to exercise capacity. Br J Sports Med 2008;42:152-154.

Document Type

Publication order reference


YADDA identifier

JavaScript is turned off in your web browser. Turn it on to take full advantage of this site, then refresh the page.