Full-text resources of PSJD and other databases are now available in the new Library of Science.
Visit https://bibliotekanauki.pl


Preferences help
enabled [disable] Abstract
Number of results
2010 | 2 | 2 | 104-112

Article title

Changes of Lactate Threshold during a Half-Year Training Cycle in "Arka Gdynia" Football Players


Title variants

Languages of publication



Background: The aim of this study was to assess lactate threshold changes during a half-year training cycle in S.S.A. "Arka Gdynia" football team.Material/Methods: The research was conducted on a sample of 17 "Arka Gdynia" Football Club players. The subjects participated in premier league competitions in autumn 2009/10 season. Apart from league matches (17) the players took part in Remes Polish Cup (2 matches). Aerobic capacity tests were conducted at the beginning of the summer preparatory season (test 1 - 27th June 2009), during the competitive season (test 2 - 2nd September 2009) and at the beginning of the winter preparatory season (test 3 - 13th January 2010). The players underwent an incremental running test. Running speed (V/LT) and heart rate (HR/LT) at the lactate threshold were determined.Results: An analysis of mean running speed values at LT intensity in each study confirms that during the first two tests participants achieved the same mean value of the ratio V/LT (3.80 m/s). The last test revealed a regression of the results by 0.17 m/s. The lowest standard deviation (± 0.20 m/s) was observed in the first study, which indicates that the diversity of the group was the smallest.Conclusions: Goalkeepers achieved statistically lower (p<0.05) values of running speed at the intensity corresponding to the anaerobic threshold (V/LT) in relation to field players.










Physical description


1 - 1 - 2010
20 - 12 - 2010


  • Jedrzej Sniadecki Academy of Physical Education and Sport in Gdansk, Poland
  • Jedrzej Sniadecki Academy of Physical Education and Sport in Gdansk, Poland
  • Jedrzej Sniadecki Academy of Physical Education and Sport in Gdansk, Poland
  • Jedrzej Sniadecki Academy of Physical Education and Sport in Gdansk, Poland
  • Jedrzej Sniadecki Academy of Physical Education and Sport in Gdansk, Poland


  • Hill AV. The energy degraded in the recovery process of stimulated muscles. J Physiol 1913;46:28-80.
  • Hill AV, Lupton J. Muscular exercise, lactic acid, and the supply and utilization of oxygen. Q J Med 1923;16:135-171[Crossref]
  • Douglas CG. Coordination of the respiration and circulation with variation in bodily activity. Lancet 1927;2:213-218.[Crossref]
  • Margaria R, Edwards HT, Dill DB. The possible mechanisms of contracting and paying the oxygen debt and the role of lactic acid in muscular contraction. Am J Physiol 1933;106:689-715.
  • Helgerud J, Ingjer JF, Stromme SB. Sex differences in performance-matched marathon runners. Eur J Appl Physiol 1990;61:433-439.[Crossref]
  • Allen WK, Seals DR, Hurley BF, Ehsani AA, Hagberg JM. Lactate threshold and distance-running performance in young and older endurance athletes. J Appl Physiol 1985;58:1281-1284.
  • Farrell PA, Wilmore JH, Coyle EF, Billing JE, Costill DL. Plasma lactate accumulation and instance running performance. Med Sci Sport Exer 1979;11:338-344.
  • Buresh RJ, Berg KE, Noble JM. Relationship between measures of body size and composition and velocity of lactate threshold. J Strength Cond Res 2004;18(3):504-507.[PubMed]
  • Svedenhag J. Endurance conditioning. In: Shephard RJ, Astrand P-O, editors. Endurance in sport. Oxford, UK: Blackwell Science LTD; 2000: 402-408.
  • Helgerud J. Maximal oxygen uptake, anaerobic threshold and running performance in woman and men with similar performances levels in marathons. Eur J Appl Physiol 1994;68:155-161.[Crossref]
  • Clark NA, Edwards AM, Morton RH, Butterly RJ. Season-to-season variations of physiological fitness within a squad of professional male soccer players. J Sport Sci Med 2008;7:157-165.
  • Bergh U, Sjodin B, Forsberg A, Svedenhag J. The relationship between body mass and oxygen uptake during running in humans. Med Sc. Sport Exer 1991;23:205-211.
  • Rogers DM, Olson BL, Wilmore JH. Scaling for the VO2-to-body size relationship among children and adults. J Appl Physiol 1995;79:958-967.
  • Welsman JR, Armstrong N, Nevill AM, Winter EM, Kirby BJ. Scaling peak V O2 for differences in body size. Med Sci Sport Exer 1996;28:259-265.[Crossref]
  • Jaskólski A, Jaskólska A. Podstawy fizjologii wysiłku fizycznego z zarysem fizjologii człowieka [Basics of an effort physiology]. Wrocław: AWF; 2005 [in Polish].
  • Bangsbo J. The physiology of soccer: with special reference to intense intermittent exercise. Acta Physiol Scand 1994;15 Suppl. 619:1-156.
  • Whitehead EN. Conditioning of sports. Yorkshire: E P Publishing Co. Ltd; 1975: 40-42.
  • Ekblom B. Applied physiology of soccer. Sports Med 1986 Jan-Feb;3(1):50-60.[PubMed][Crossref]
  • Withers RT, Maricic Z, Wasilewski S, et al. Match analysis of Australian professional soccer players. J Hum Mov Stud 1982;8:159-76.
  • Bangsbo J, Nørregaard L, Thorsøe F. Activity profile of competition soccer. Can J Sports Sci 1991 Jun;16(2):110-6.
  • Ohashi J, Togari H, Isokawa M, et al. Measuring movement speeds and distance covered during soccer match-play. In: Reilly T, Lees A, Davids K, et al., editors. Science and football. London: E&FN Spon; 1988: 434-40.
  • Saltin B. Metabolic fundamentals in exercise. Med Sci Sport Exer 1973; 5: 137-46
  • Agnevik G, editor. Fotboll. Idrottsfysiologi, Rapport no. 7. Stockholm: Trygg-Hansa, 1970.
  • Helgerud J, Engen LC, Wisløff U, et al. Aerobic endurance training improves soccer performance. Med Sci Sport Exer 2001 Nov;33(11):1925-31.[Crossref]
  • Brewer J, Davis J. The female player. In: Ekblom B, editor. Football (soccer). London: Blackwell Scientific; 1994: 95-9.
  • Seliger V. Heart rate as an index of physical load in exercise. Scr Med (Brno) 1968;41:231-40.
  • Strøyer J, Hansen L, Hansen K. Physiological profile and activity pattern of young soccer players during match play. Med Sci Sport Exer 2004 Jan;36(1):168-74.[Crossref]
  • Radzimiński Ł, Rompa P, Szwarc A, Jastrzębski Z. Ocena intensywności obciążeń podczas treningu piłkarzy nożnych młodzików [Assessment of loads intensity during training of young football players]. Rocznik Naukowy AWFiS Gdańsk 2009;19:41-46 [in Polish].
  • Stolen T, Chamari K, Castagna C, Wisloff U. Physiology of Soccer, An Update. Sports Med 2005;35(6):501-536.[PubMed][Crossref]
  • McMillan K, Helgerud J, Grant SJ, et al. Lactate threshold responses to a season of professional British youth soccer. Br J Sport Med 2005;39:432-436.[Crossref]
  • Klusiewicz A, Zdanowicz R. Próg beztlenowy a stan maksymalnej równowagi mleczanowej - uwagi praktyczne [AT and state of maximal lactate balance - practical remarks]. Sport Wyczynowy 2002;1(2);59-61 [in Polish].
  • Dumke CL, Brock DW, Helms BH, Haff GG. Heart rate at lactate threshold and cycling time trials. J Strength Cond Res 2006;20(3):601-607.[PubMed]
  • Ronikier A. Fizjologia sportu [Physiology of sport]. Warszawa: COS; 2001: 93-94 [in Polish].
  • Pilis W, Zarzeczny R, Langfort J. Próg przemian beztlenowych [Anaerobic threshold]. Katowice: AWF; 1996 [in Polish].
  • Jastrzębski Z. Zakres obciążeń treningowych w piłce nożnej i ręcznej a ich wpływ na rozwój sportowy zawodników [Range of training loads in soccer and handball and their influence on players' sports development]. Gdańsk: AWFiS; 2004 [in Polish].
  • Radzimiński Ł, Rompa P, Dargiewicz R, Ignatiuk W, Jastrzębski Z. An Aplication of Incremental Running Test Results to Train Professional Soccer Players. Baltic Journal of Health and Physical Activity 2010;2(1):66-73.
  • Beaver WL, Wasserman K, Whipp BJ. Improved detection of lactate threshold during exercise using a log-log transformation. J Appl Physiol 1985;59:1936-40.[PubMed]
  • Bangsbo J. Sprawność fizyczna piłkarza: Naukowe podstawy treningu [Physical fitness of a football player. Scientific basics or training]. Warszawa: COS; 1999 [in Polish].
  • Bergier J, Śledzianowski M. Charakterystyka wybranych wskaźników fizjologicznych reprezentacji juniorów w piłce nożnej [Characteritics of chosen physiological parameters in jr football representation]. In: Fizjologiczne wskaźniki obciążenia wysiłkiem fizycznym w sporcie i pracy. Konferencja Naukowa Poznań, 11-12 listopada 1988 [Physiological parameters of physical effort load in sport and work]. Poznań: AWF;1990: 173-183 [in Polish].
  • Jastrzębski J, Szwarc A. Struktura organizacyjna i jej wpływ na efektywność szkolenia piłkarskiego na przykładzie Szkoły Mistrzostwa Sportowego w Gdańsku [Organisational structure and its influence on football training efficience - on an example of Sports Mastery School in Gdańsk]. Gdańsk: AWFiS; 2003 [in Polish].
  • Rompa P, Radzimiński Ł, Szwarc A, Jastrzębski Z. Próg przemian anaerobowych a optymalizacja szkolenia piłkarzy nożnych polskiej ekstraklasy [Anaerobic threshold and optimization of training football players of the Polish premier league]. Rocznik Naukowy AWFiS 2009;19:35-40 [in Polish].
  • Zarzeczny R, Kłapcińska B, Wąs R, Pilis K, Manowska B, Pilis W. Wydolność fizyczna I-ligowych piłkarzy nożnych w różnych okresach treningowych [Physical capacity of the premier league football players at varied training stages]. Medycyna Sportowa 2007;23(2):95-98 [in Polish].
  • Di Michele R, Di Renzo AM, Ammazzalorso S, Merni F. Comparison of physiological responses to an incremental running test on treadmill, natural grass and synthetic turf in young soccer players. J Strength Cond Res 2009;23(3):939-945.[WoS][PubMed][Crossref]
  • Impellizzeri F, Marcora S, Castagna C, Reilly T, Sassi A, Iaia FM, Rampinini E. Physiological and performance effects of generic versus specific aerobic training in soccer players. Int J Sports Med 2006;27(6):483-492.[PubMed][Crossref]
  • Ziogas GG, Patras KN, Stergiou N, Georgoulis AD. Velocity at lactate threshold and running economy must also be considered along with maximal oxygen uptake when testing elite soccer players during preseason. J Strength Cond Res 2010;23(x): 000-000 - in press.[WoS]
  • Mohr M, Krustrup P, Bangsbo J. Match performance of high-standard soccer players with special reference to development of fatigue. J Sport Sci 2003;21:519-528.[Crossref]
  • Gil SM, Gil J, Ruiz F, Irazusta A, Irazusta J. Physiological and anthropometric characteristics of young soccer players according to their playing position: Relevance for the selection process. J Strength Cond Res 2007;21(2):438-445.[PubMed]

Document Type

Publication order reference


YADDA identifier

JavaScript is turned off in your web browser. Turn it on to take full advantage of this site, then refresh the page.