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2010 | 18 | 2 | 3-9
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Effects of physiotherapy including various forms of gait exercises on a treadmill on functional efficiency in the elderly at risk of falling

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The aim of the study was to evaluate the effects of physiotherapy consisting of various forms of gait training on a treadmill in elderly patients with reduced physical fitness and with balance disorders. The examination group consisted of 9 men and 21 women aged 60-80 years and they were randomly divided into two groups (control and test). The gait exercises on a treadmill were based on walking forward in the control group and on walking backward in the test group. The following tests were employed for the purpose of the research: Tinetti test, Functional Reach Test, Get Up and Go Test. The strength of quadriceps muscles of the knee joints was examined as well. The research results show that backward walking on the treadmill significantly influences balance and physical fitness in elderly people and it may be an effective way of improving balance in the elderly.
Celem pracy jest ocena skuteczności fizjoterapii rozszerzonej o różne formy treningu marszowego na bieżni u osób starszych z obniżoną sprawnością fizyczną i zaburzeniami równowagi w przebiegu osteoporozy. Badaniem objęto 9 mężczyzn i 21 kobiet w wieku 60-80 lat. Pacjentów podzielono losowo na dwie równe grupy (kontrolną i badawczą). W grupie kontrolnej zastosowano trening chodu do przodu na bieżni ruchomej, a w grupie badawczej trening chodu do tyłu. Jako narzędzie badawcze wykorzystano testy funkcjonalne, Tinetti, Functional Reach Test, Get Up and Go oraz badanie momentu siły mięśni czworogłowych stawów kolanowych. Wyniki badań wskazują, że trening chodu do tyłu na bieżni ruchomej w istotny sposób wpływa na poprawę sprawności fizycznej osób starszych i może być specyficzną i skuteczną formą kształtowania ich równowagi ciała.
Physical description
1 - 4 - 2010
25 - 11 - 2010
  • The Chair of Rehabilitation, Medical University of Silesia, Katowice
  • The Chair of Rehabilitation, Medical University of Silesia, Katowice
  • The Chair of Rehabilitation, Medical University of Silesia, Katowice
  • The Chair of Rehabilitation, Medical University of Silesia, Katowice
  • The Chair of Rehabilitation, Medical University of Silesia, Katowice
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