Physical performance, body composition, and quality of life in elderly women from clubs for the retired and living in twilight homes
Languages of publication
Study aim: To explore how elderly people with different living conditions are characterized by their fitness, body composition, and quality of life.Material and methods: Women aged 60 years and over (n = 60; age = 76.2 ± 7.6 years) were examined in cross-sectional study from a medium-sized city in western Hungary. Participants were chosen from a twilight home (n=27, age = 79.4 ± 7.7years) and clubs for retired people (n = 33, age = 73.7 ± 6.6 years). Physical fitness status was assessed by Fullerton Functional Fitness Test - Senior Fitness Test (FFFT); body composition (BC) with Inbody-720 bioelectrical impedance spectroscopy; and quality of life with WHOQOL-OLD questionnaire. Data were analysed with the use of t-test for independent samples and stepwise discriminant analysis.Results: FFFT shows significant differences in each variable: lower and upper body strength, aerobic endurance, upper and lower body flexibility, and dynamic balance. These variables were significantly higher in the clubs for retired people. The BC of twilight home residents was significantly lower in height and fat-free mass. Regarding quality of life, there were significant differences in perception, autonomy, and sociability for the favour of elderly in clubs; however, there were no differences in activities of past, present and future, or differences in attitudes towards death or intimacy.Conclusions: A sedentary and institutionalized lifestyle with little variety in daily activity and programing has a negative effect on physical fitness status, body composition, and quality of life. Self-motivation, active lifestyle, and regular and varied programs seem to have leading roles in the quality of life in elder population.
1 - 1 - 2012
24 - 7 - 2012
- Barnett A., B. Smith, S N. Lord, M. Williams, A. Baumand (2003) Community-based group exercise improves balance and reduces falls in at-risk older people: a randomised controlled trial. Age Ageing, 32:407-414.[PubMed][Crossref]
- Bonsdorff M., T. Rantanen, P. Lukkanen, T. Suutama, E. Keikkinen (2006) Mobility limitations and cognitive deficits as predictors of institutionalization among community-dwelling older people. Gerontology, 52:359-365.[Crossref]
- Brandon L. J., D. A. Gaasch, L. W. Boyette, A. M. Loyd (2003) Effect of long-term resistive training on mobility and strength in older adults with diabetes. J. Gerontol. A Biol. Sci. Med. Sci. 58A:740-745.[Crossref]
- Carlsson M., Y. Gustafson, S. Eriksson, L. Haglin (2008) Body composition in Swedish old people aged 65-99 years, living in residential care facilities. Arch. Gerontol. Geriatr., 49:98-107.[WoS]
- Carmeli E., A. Z. Reznick, R. Coleman, V. Carmeli (2000) Muscle strength and mass of lower extremities in relation to functional abilities in elderly adults. Gerontology. 48:249-257.[Crossref]
- Carta M. G., M. C. Hardoy, A. Pilu, M. Sorba, A. L. Floris, F. A. Mannu, A. Baum, A. Cappai, C. Velluti, M. Salvi (2008) Improving physical quality of life with group physical activity in the adjunctive treatment of major depressive disorder. Clin. Pract. Epidemiol. Ment. Health, 26; 4:1.[Crossref]
- Chodzko-Zajko W. J. (1998) The physiology of aging and exercise. In: R. T. Cotton and C. Ekeroth (Eds). Exercise for Older Adults. Champaign, IL., Human Kinetics, pp. 10-160.
- Chodzko-Zajko W. J., D. N. Proctor, M. A. F. Singh, C. T. Minson, C. R. Nigg, G. J. Salem, J. S. Skinner (2009) Excercise and physical activity for older adults. Med. Sci. Sport Exerc., 1510-1530.
- Knoops K. T. B., E. Slump, L. C. P. G. M. Groot, W. Wouters-Wesseling, M. L. Brouwer, W. A. Staveren (2005) Body weight changes in elderly psychogeriatric nursing home residents. J. Gerontol. A Biol. Sci. Med. Sci., 60A(4):536-529.
- Miszko T. A., M. E. Cress, J. M. Slade, C. J. Covey, S. K. Agrawal, C. E. Doerr (2003) Effect of strength and power training on physical function in community-dwelling older adults. J. Gerontol. A Biol. Sci. Med. Sci. 58A:171-175.[Crossref]
- Nelson M. E., J. E. Layne, M. J. Bernstein, A. Nuernberger, C. Castaneda, D. Caliton, J. Hausdorff, J. O. Judge, D. M. Buchner, R. Roubenoff, M. A. F. Singh (2004) The effects of multidimensional home-based exercise on functional performance in elderly people. J. Gerontol. A Biol. Sci. Med. Sci., 59A:154-160.[Crossref]
- Poon W. L., W. J. Chodzko-Zajko, P. D. Tomporowski (2006) Active Living, Cognitive Functioning and Aging (Aging, Exercise and Cognitive Series). Human Kinetics Publishers.
- Purath J., S. W. Buchholz, D. L. Kark (2009) Physical fitness assessment of older adults in the primary care setting. J. Am. Acad. Nurse. Pract., 21(2):101-107.[Crossref][WoS]
- Rilki R. E., C. J. Jones (1999) Functional fitness normative chores for community-residing older adults, aged 60-94. J. Aging Phys. Act., 7:129-161.
- Różańska-Kirschke A., P. Kocur, M. Wilk, P. Dylewicz, (2006) The Fullerton Fitness Test as an index of fitness in the elderly. Med. Rehabil. 10(2): 9-16.
- Sagiv M. (2009) Safety and resistance training in the elderly. Eur. Rev. Aging. Phys. Act., 6:1-2.[Crossref]
- Seynnes O., M. A. F. Singh, P. Pras, P. Legros, P. L. Bernard (2004) Physiological and functional responses to low-moderate versus high intensity progressive resistance training in frail elders. J. Gerontol. A Biol. Sci. Med. Sci., 59:M503-M509.[Crossref]
- Slentz C. A., B. D. Duscha, J. L. Johnson, K. Ketchum, L. B. Aihen, G. P. Samsa, J. A. Houmard, C. W. Bales, W. E. Kraus (2004) Effects of the amount of exercise on body weight, body composition and measures of central obesity. Arch. Intern. Med., 164:31-39.
- Tróznai T., L. Kullman (2006) Assessment of old people's attitude for aging. (in Hungarian) LAM. 17:137-143.
- White S. M., T. R.Wójcicki., E. McAuley (2009) Physical activity and quality of life in community dwelling older adults. Health Qual. Life. Outcomes. 7:10.[PubMed][Crossref][WoS]
Publication order reference