Full-text resources of PSJD and other databases are now available in the new Library of Science.
Visit https://bibliotekanauki.pl


Preferences help
enabled [disable] Abstract
Number of results
2012 | 4 | 6-11

Article title

Increasing pupil physical activity: a comprehensive professional development effort



Title variants

Languages of publication



Study aim: To determine if pupil physical activity and Body Mass Index classifications maintained or improved after a one-year professional development program involving both classroom and physical education teachers. Guskey's model of teacher change guided this study.Material and methods: Indigenous children from ten schools (N = 320) in grades 3-12 from one community participated in this year-long comprehensive school change effort. Classroom (n = 31) and physical education teachers (n = 7) participated in this study as intervention (n = 27) or comparison (n = 11) teachers. Intervention teachers participated in a year-long professional development program to increase physical activity and healthy behaviour knowledge of pupils.Results: ANOVA results for pupil physical activity (measured using pedometry) indicated that both groups of pupils (intervention and comparison) became significantly more active over time. The intervention groups' behaviour was less stable (α = 0.71) over time versus the comparison group (α = 0.86), suggesting positive behaviour changes. No significant Body Mass Index changes were found.Conclusions: Although the intervention resulted in physical activity increases for both intervention and comparison pupils at the schools, change takes time and these initial findings show progress in increasing physical activity behaviours at school in an understudied and disadvantaged population of indigenous USA youth.








Physical description


1 - 1 - 2012
6 - 3 - 2012


  • Mary Lou Fulton Teachers College, Faculty Affiliate Program of Kinesiology, Arizona State University


  • Beets M. W., M. M. Patton, S. Edwards (2005) The accuracy of pedometer steps and time during walking in children. Med. Sci. Sport Exerc., 37(3):513-520.
  • Caballero B., J. H. Himes, T. Lohman, S. M. Davis, J. Stevens, M. Evans, S. Going (2003) Body composition and overweight prevalence in 1704 schoolchildren from 7 American Indian communities. Am. J. Clin. Nutr., 78: 303-312.
  • Cothran D. J., P. H. Kulinna A. Garn (2010) Classroom teachers and physical activity integration. Teach. Teacher Ed., 26: 1381-1388.
  • Dabelea D., R. Hanson, P. Bennett, W. Roumain, W. Knowler, D. Pettitt (1998) Increasing prevalence of type II diabetes in American Indian children. Diabetologia 41: 904-910.[PubMed]
  • Darst P. W., R. P. Pangrazi (2009) Dynamic Physical Education for Secondary School Pupils. Pearson/Benjamin Cummings, San Francisco, California, USA.
  • Guskey T. (1986) Staff development and the process of teacher change. Educ. Researcher, 15(5): 5-12.[Crossref]
  • Hughes J. M., L. Li, S. Chinn, R. J. Rona (1997) Trends in growth in England and Scotland 1972-1994. Arch. Dis. Child., 76: 182-189.
  • Jarosz M., E. Rychlik (2008) Overweight and obesity among adults in Poland, 1983-2005. Adv. Med. Sci., 53(2): 158-166.[WoS]
  • Keddie A. M. (2011) Associations between severe obesity and depression: Results from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 2005-2006. Prev. Chronic Dis., 8(3): A57.
  • Levin S., R. Louwry, D. R. Brown, W. H. Dietz (2003) Physical activity and body mass index among US adolescents. Arch. Pediatr. Adolesc. Med., 157: 816-820.[Crossref][PubMed]
  • Marshall A. L., N. Owen, A. E. Bauman (2004) Mediated approaches for influencing physical activity: update of the evidence on mass media, print, telephone and website delivery of interventions. J. Sci. Med. Sport, 7(1): S74-80.[Crossref]
  • McKenzie T. L., D. Li, C. A. Derby, L. S. Webber, R. V. Luepker, P. Cribb (2003) Maintenance of effects of the CATCH physical education program: Results from the CATCH-ON study. Health. Educ. Behav., 30: 447-462.[Crossref][PubMed]
  • Miller R., W. Brown, C. Tudor-Locke (2006) But what about swimming and cycling? How to ‘count’ non-ambulatory activity when using pedometers to assess physical activity. J. Phys. Act. Health, 3: 257-266.
  • Pangrazi R. P., A. Beighle (2010) Dynamic physical education for elementary school children (16th ed.). San Francisco, California, Pearson Education.
  • Pangrazi R. P., A. Beighle, D. Pangrazi (2009) Promoting Physical Activity and Health in the Classroom. Pearson/Benjamin Cummings, San Francisco, California, USA.
  • Salbe A. D., C. Weyer, I. Harper, R. S. Lindsay, E. Ravussin, P. A. Tatranni (2002) Assessing risk factors for obesity between childhood and adolescence: II. Energy metabolism and physical activity. Pediatrics, 110: 307-314.[PubMed][Crossref]
  • Tremblay M., J. Wilms (2003) Is the Canadian childhood obesity epidemic related to physical inactivity? Int. J. Obes., 27: 1100-1105.[Crossref]
  • Trost S. G., R. R. Pate, P. S. Freedson, J. F. Sallis, W. C. Taylor (2000) Using objective physical activity measures with youth: How many days of monitoring are needed? Med. Sci. Sport Exerc., 32: 426-431.
  • Tudor-Locke C., B. Giles-Corti, M. Kuiman, G. McCormack (2008) Tracking of pedometer-determined physical activity in adults who relocate: results from RESIDE. Int. J. Behav. Nutr. Phys. Act., 7: 5-39.[WoS]
  • United States Department of Health and Human Services [USDHHS]. Physical Activity Guidelines for Americans (2008) Retrieved from
  • Vincent S. D., R. P. Pangrazi (2002) Does reactivity exist in children when measuring activity levels with pedometers? Pediatr. Exerc. Sci., 14: 56-63.
  • Wei R. C., L. Darling-Hammond, A. Andree, N. Richardson, S. Orphanos (2009) Professional Learning in the Learning Profession: A Status Report on Teacher Development in the United States And Abroad. National Staff Development Council, Dallas, Texas, USA.

Document Type

Publication order reference


YADDA identifier

JavaScript is turned off in your web browser. Turn it on to take full advantage of this site, then refresh the page.