Competitor - an offender or victim of doping control as viewed by young athletes
Languages of publication
Study aim: To evaluate the perception of motivations and responsibility for doping abuse by young athletes.Material and methods: A group of male volleyball players (n = 44) and of female combat athletes (n = 26), all aged 15 - 17 years and having 4 - 8 years of training experience, were studied. By applying questionnaire technique, two issues were studied: responsibility of the athlete and of the coach/medical team, and the motivations of doping abuse.Results: Young athletes decidedly declined to pronounce either side not guilty of doping abuse, the male subjects being more critical and severe than the female ones. All of them attributed doping abuse to exaggerated ambitions of athletes and, to a much lesser extent to the pressure of sport environment.Conclusions: The results enable a better understanding of psychological mechanisms of giving in to the temptation of doping abuse and, thus, may help preventing it.
1 - 1 - 2010
8 - 12 - 2010
- Anshel M. H., K. G. Russell (1997) Examining athletes' attitudes toward using anabolic steroids and their knowledge of the possible effects. J. Drug Educ. 27:121-145.[Crossref]
- Fincham F. D., J. M. Jaspars (1981) Attribution of responsibility: from man the scientist to man as lawyer. In: L. Berkowitz (ed.) Advances in Experimental Social Psychology. Academic Press, New York, 13:81-138.
- Karolczak-Biernacka B. (1989) Zawodnik sterowany - rzecz o ewolucji współczesnego sportu. Sport Wyczynowy (5).
- Laure P., Thouvenin f., Lecerf T. (2001) Attitudes of coaches toward doping. J. Sports Med. Phys. Fitness 41:132-136.
- Lee M., J. Whitehead (2001) Belief systems as antecedents of moral attitudes in youth sport: a rationale. Proc. 10th World Congress of Sport Psychology 2:187-189.
- Malloy D. C., R. Kell, R. Kellin (2007) The spirit of sport, morality, and hypoxic tents: logic and authenticity. Appl. Physiol. Nutr. Metab. 2:289-296.[Crossref][WoS]
- Mroczkowska H. (2009) Moral attitudes toward doping - what do athletes on the verge of maturity value? Biol. Sport 26:235-243.[Crossref]
- Mroczkowska H. (2009) Responsibility for "doping skipup" in the perception of young athletes. Sport i Turystyka 16:93-100.
- Petróczi A. (2007) Attitudes and doping: a structural equation analysis of the relationship between athletes' attitudes, sport orientation and doping behaviour. Substance Abuse Treatment, Prevention, and Policy 34(2):1-15.
- Rushall B. S., M. Jones (2007) Drugs in sport: a cure worse than the disease? Int. J. Sports Sci. Coach. 4:335-361.[Crossref]
- Sas-Nowosielski K. (2006) The abuse of anabolic-androgenic steroids by Polish school-aged adolescents. Biol. Sport 23:225-235.
- Shaver K. G. (1985) The Attribution of Blame: Causality, Responsibility and Blameworthiness. Springer Verlag, New York.
- Stupnicki R. (2008) Analysis and Presentation of Questionnaire Data. University of Physical Education Editions, Warsaw.
- Tricker R. (2000) Painkilling drugs in collegiate athletics: Knowledge, attitudes, and use of student athletes. J. Drug Educ. 30:313-324.[Crossref]
- Tversky A., D. Kahneman (1974) Judgment under uncertainty: heuristics and biases. Science 185:1124-1131.
- Wallach M. A., J. Mabli (1970) Information versus conformity in the effects of group discussion on risk taking. J. Personal Social Psychol. 14:286-297.
- Weiner B. (1985) An attribution theory of achievement motivation and emotion. Psychol. Rev. 92:548-573.[Crossref]
Publication order reference