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2009 | 21 | 105-111

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The Effects of Water Exercises and Swimming on Physical Fitness of Children with Mental Retardation


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The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of water exercises and swimming on physical fitness of children with mental retardation. Nine trainable and 7 educable male children (n = 16) were recruited from a rehabilitation center. The mean ages of the groups were 12.22±0.49 and 14.71±0.52 years, respectively. Training program was applied for 10-week, two times a week for 40 minute each session. Pre- and post-tests measurements were taken for cardiovascular endurance, muscle endurance, speed, static balance, and agility. Results showed that both groups improved significantly (p<0.05) in all dependent variables. Water exercises and swimming appear to be a viable and effective way to improve physical fitness capacity of the children with mental retardation.







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1 - 1 - 2009
17 - 7 - 2009


  • School of Physical Education and Sports, Anadolu University, Eskisehir, Turkey
  • School of Physical Therapy and Rehabilitation, Hacettepe University, Ankara, Turkey
  • The College at Brockport, State University of New York
  • School of Sport Sciences and Technology, Pamukkale University, Denizli, Turkey
  • School of Physical Education and Sports, Gazi University, Ankara, Turkey


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