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2012 | 34 | 1 | 139-146

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Leadership power perceptions of soccer coaches and soccer players according to their education



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The purpose of this study was to analyze the leadership power perceptions of soccer coaches and soccer playersaccording to their educational levels. Data were collected from 165 male soccer coaches and 870 male soccer players.Adapted versions of the “Power in Soccer Questionnaire-Other”, the “Power in Soccer Questionnaire-Self” and an“information form” were used for data collection, and collected data were analyzed by the Kruskal-Wallis and theMann-Whitney Tests. Analysis of the Power in Soccer Questionnaire-Other revealed significant differences betweensoccer players’ level of education and their perception of Coercive Power (p<.003), and no significant differences relatedto Referent Power, Legitimate Power and Expert Power. Analysis of the Power in Soccer Questionnaire-Self alsorevealed the only significant difference between coaches’ level of education and their perception of Legitimate Power(p<.001), and no significant differences with regard to others. Different perception of leadership powers between coachesand players might create communication and performance problems in soccer.









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1 - 10 - 2012
23 - 10 - 2012


  • Buca Educational Faculty, Dokuz Eylül University, İzmir, TURKEY.


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