PL EN


Preferences help
enabled [disable] Abstract
Number of results
2012 | 33 | 187-194
Article title

Psychophysiological Responses to Competition and the Big Five Personality Traits

Content
Title variants
Languages of publication
EN
Abstracts
EN
This study examines the relationship between psychophysiological arousal, cognitive anxiety, and personality traits in young taekwondo athletes. A total of 20 male and 10 female taekwondo athletes (mean age = 18.6 years; ± 1.8) volunteered for the study. The Five Factor Personality Inventory and the state scale of the Spielberger State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI) were used to measure personality and cognitive state anxiety. Electrodermal activity (EDA) was measured twice, one day and approximately one hour prior to the competition, to determine psychophysiological arousal. Descriptive statistics, Pearson product-moment correlations, and stepwise regression were used to analyze the data. Several "Big Five" facets were related to the EDA delta scores that were measured both one day and one hour before the competition. Two stepwise regressions were conducted to examine whether personality traits could significantly predict both EDA delta scores. The final model, containing only neuroticism from the Big Five factors, can significantly explain the variations in the EDA delta scores measured one day before the competition. Agreeableness can significantly explain variations in the EDA delta scores measured one hour before the competition. No relationship was found between cognitive anxiety and the EDA delta scores measured one hour before the competition. In conclusion, personality traits, especially agreeableness and neuroticism, might be useful in understanding arousal responses to competition.
Publisher

Year
Volume
33
Pages
187-194
Physical description
Dates
published
1 - 6 - 2012
online
4 - 7 - 2012
Contributors
author
  • Faculty of Medicine, Department of Biophysics, Ege University, Izmir, Turkey
author
  • Kirazdagı Primary School, Derepazarı, Rize, Turkey
  • School of Physical Education and Sports, Bartin University, Bartin, Turkey
author
  • Faculty of Medicine, Medical Park Hospital, Department of Biophysics, Izmir University, Izmir, Turkey
author
  • School of Physical Education and Sport, Ege University, Izmir, Turkey
References
  • Barrett J, Armony JL. The influence of trait anxiety on autonomic response and cognitive performance during an anticipatory anxiety task. Depress Anxiety, 2006; 23: 210-219[Crossref][PubMed]
  • Bartley CE, Roesch SC. Coping with daily stress: The role of conscientiousness. Pers Indiv Differ, 2011; 50: 79-83[WoS]
  • Beattie S, Davies M. A test of engagement versus disengagement in catastrophe models. Brit J Psychol, 2010; 101: 361-371[Crossref][WoS]
  • Chamorro-Premuzic T, Furnham A. A possible model for understanding the personality-intelligence interface. Brit J Psychol, 2004; 95: 249-264
  • Cianci AM, Klein HJ, Seijts GH. The effect of negative feedback on tension and subsequent performance: The main and interactive effects of goal content and conscientiousness. J Appl Psychol, 2010; 95: 618-630[WoS][PubMed]
  • Dawson ME, Schell AM, Fillion DL. The electro dermal system. In J.T. Cacioppo, L.G. Tassinary, G.G. Bernston (eds.) Handbook of psychophysiology. New York: Cambridge University, 200-212; 2000
  • Duffy E. The nature and development of the concept of activation. In R.N. Haber (eds.). Current research inmotivation, 278-281; 1966
  • Eysenck HJ. The biological basis of personality. Springfield, IL, Thomas; 1967
  • Furnham A, Chamorro-Premuzic T, McDougall F. Personality, cognitive ability and beliefs about intelligence as predictors of academic performance. Learn Individ Differ, 2003; 14: 47-64
  • Goldstein DS. Overview of the autonomic nervous system. In D.S. Goldstein (ed) The autonomic nervous system in health and disease. New York-Basel: Marcel Dekker Inc., 23-135; 2001
  • Groscruth P. Anatomy of sweat glands. In: Kreyden OP, Böni R, Burg G. (eds), Hyperhidrosis and Botulinum Toxin in Dermatology. Karger, Basel, 1-9; 2002
  • Hardy L. A catastrophe model of performance in sport. In J. G. Jones & Hardy (eds.), Stress and performance in sport England: Wiley, 81-106; 1990
  • Hardy L, Parfitt CG, Pates J. Performance catastrophes in sport: A test of the hysteresis hypothesis. J Sport Sci, 1994; 12: 327-334[Crossref]
  • Hardy L. Stress, anxiety and performance. J Sci Med Sport, 1999; 2: 227-233[Crossref][PubMed]
  • Hardy L, Beattie S, Woodman T. Anxiety-induced performance catastrophes: Investigating effort required as an asymmetry factor. Brit J Psychol, 2007; 98: 15-31
  • Jensen-Campbell LA, Malcolm KT. The importance of conscientiousness in adolescent interpersonal relationships. Pers Soc Psychol B, 2007; 33: 368-383.
  • Lang PJ, Bradley MM, Cuthbert BN. Emotion, motivation, and anxiety: brain mechanisms and psychophysiology. Biol Psychiatry, 1998; 44: 1248-63[PubMed]
  • Mardaga S, Laloyaux O, Hansenne M. Personality traits modulate skin conductance response to emotional pictures: An investigation with Cloninger's model of personality. Pers Indiv Differ, 2006; 40:1603-1614[Crossref]
  • Matthews G. The effects of extraversion and arousal on intelligence test performance. Brit J Psychol, 1985; 76: 479-493.
  • Mauss IB, Robinson MD. Measures of emotion: A review. Cogn Emot, 2009; 23: 209-237[WoS][Crossref]
  • Moskowitz DS. Cross-situational generality and the interpersonal circumplex. J Pers Soc Psychol, 1994; 66: 921-933
  • Nater UM, Hoppmann C, Klumb PL. Neuroticism and conscientiousness are associated with cortisol diurnal profiles in adults - Role of positive and negative affect. Psychoneuroendocrino, 2010; 35: 1573-1577[Crossref][WoS]
  • Norris CJ, Larsen JT, Cacioppo JT Neuroticism is associated with larger and more prolonged electrodermal responses to emotionally evocative pictures. Psychophysiology, 2007; 44:823-826[WoS]
  • Ode S, Robinson MD. Agreeableness and the self-regulation of negative affect: Findings involving the neuroticism/somatic distress relationship. Pers Individ Dif, 2007; 43: 2137-2148[PubMed]
  • Ode S, Robinson MD. Can agreeableness turn gray skies blue? A role for agreeableness in moderating neuroticism-linked dysphoria. J Soc Clin Psychol, 2009; 28: 436-462[Crossref][WoS]
  • Shagass C. Effect of intravenous chlorpromazine on the electroencephalogram. Electroen Clin Neuro, 1955; 7: 306-308
  • Shye A, Pan Y, Scholbrock B, Miller SC, Memik G, Dinda AP, Dick PR. Power to the People: Leveraging Human Physiological Traits to Control Microprocessor Frequency. To Appear in the Proceedings of the 41st Annual IEEE/ACM International Symposium on Microarchitecture, 2008
  • Somer O, Korkmaz M, Tatar A. Development of Five Factor Personality Inventory. Türk Psikol Derg, 2002; 17: 21-33
  • Spielberger CD, Gorsuch RL, Lushene RE. Manual for State-Trait Anxiety Inventory: Consulting Psychologist, 1970
  • Stough C, Donaldson C, Scarlata B, Ciorciari J. Psychophysiological correlates of the NEO PI-R Openness, Agreeableness and Conscientiousness: preliminary results. Int J Psychophysiol, 2001;41: 87-91[Crossref]
Document Type
Publication order reference
Identifiers
YADDA identifier
bwmeta1.element.-psjd-doi-10_2478_v10078-012-0057-x
JavaScript is turned off in your web browser. Turn it on to take full advantage of this site, then refresh the page.