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2012 | 33 | 163-172
Article title

Development of Sport Courage Scale

Content
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Languages of publication
EN
Abstracts
EN
While theory and practice of sport have much to say about fear, stress and anxiety, they have little to say about courage. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to develop a Sport Courage Scale. Data were collected from two groups of male and female athletes aged from 13 to 22 in different individual and team sports. The first set of data (N = 380) was analyzed by exploratory factor analysis, and the second set of data (N = 388) was analyzed by confirmatory factor analysis. Analyses revealed a 5-factor structure of Sport Courage Scale that supported factorial validity and reliability of scale scores. These factors were labelled: "Determination", "Mastery", "Assertiveness", "Venturesome", and "Self-Sacrifice Behaviour". Finally, evidence of test-retest reliability of scale scores was supported based on responses from 75 athletes. However, more research is needed to further improve the Sport Courage Scale.
Keywords
Publisher

Year
Volume
33
Pages
163-172
Physical description
Dates
published
1 - 6 - 2012
online
4 - 7 - 2012
Contributors
author
  • Buca Educational Faculty, Dokuz Eylül University, İzmir, TURKEY
author
  • School of Sport and Exercise Sciences, University of Birmingham, UK
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Document Type
Publication order reference
Identifiers
YADDA identifier
bwmeta1.element.-psjd-doi-10_2478_v10078-012-0055-z
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