PL EN


Preferences help
enabled [disable] Abstract
Number of results
2012 | 32 | 167-174
Article title

The Effect of Aquatic Intervention on the Gross Motor Function and Aquatic Skills in Children with Cerebral Palsy

Content
Title variants
Languages of publication
EN
Abstracts
EN
The objective of this study was to investigate the effect of an aquatic intervention on the gross motor function and aquatic skills of children with cerebral palsy (CP). Twenty-nine children with CP, aged 5 to 14, were recruited. Fourteen children completed an aquatic intervention (EG), and 13 children served as controls (CG). Two participants dropped out due to events (illness) unrelated to the intervention. The aquatic intervention lasted 6 weeks (2 sessions per week at 55 minutes per session) with a follow-up period of 3 weeks. The outcome measures were the Gross Motor Function Measure (GMFM) for motor function and the Water Orientation Test Alyn 2 (WOTA 2) for aquatic skills assessment. A significant improvement was observed in the secondary assessment of GMFM and WOTA 2. In contrast to the aquatic skills improvement, the GMFM change was not maintained at follow-up. Our results indicate that children with CP can improve gross motor function on dry land and aquatic skills with a 6-week water intervention. The intervention period was too short for sustainable improvement in dry-land motor skills after intervention (followup), but time was sufficient to achieve sustainable improvements in aquatic skills.
Keywords
Publisher

Year
Volume
32
Pages
167-174
Physical description
Dates
published
1 - 5 - 2012
online
30 - 5 - 2012
Contributors
  • Faculty of Medicine, Deptartment of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, University of Niš, Niš, Serbia
  • Faculty of Sport and Physical Education, Deptartment of Aquatic Sports, University of Niš, Niš, Serbia
author
  • Faculty of Sport and Physical Education, Deptartment of Aquatic Sports, University of Niš, Niš, Serbia
  • Faculty of Sport and Physical Education, Deptartment of Aquatic Sports, University of Niš, Niš, Serbia
  • Faculty of Sport and Physical Education, Deptartment of Aquatic Sports, University of Niš, Niš, Serbia
author
  • Faculty of Sport and Physical Education, Deptartment of Biomedical Sciences, University of Niš, Niš, Serbia
References
  • Aidar FJ, Silva AJ, Reis VM, Carneiro AL, Vianna JM, Novaes GS. Aquatic activities for severe cerebral palsy people and relation with the teach-learning process. Fit Perf J, 2007; 6(6): 377-381
  • Anttila H, Autti-Rämö I, Suoranta J, Mäkelä M, Malmivaara A. Effectiveness of physical therapy interventions for children with cerebral palsy: A systematic review. BMC Pediatr, 2008, 8:14 doi:10.1186/1471-2431-8-14[Crossref]
  • Ballaz L, Plamondon S, Lemay M. Group aquatic training improves gait efficiency in adolescents with cerebral palsy. Disabil Rehabil, 2010; 33(17-18): 1616-1624[WoS]
  • Bania T, Dodd KJ, Taylor N. Habitual physical activity can be increased in people with cerebral palsy: a systematic review Clin Rehabil, 2011; 25(4): 303-315[PubMed][Crossref][WoS]
  • Bax M, Goldstein M, Rosenbaum P, Leviton A, Paneth N, Dan B, Jacobsson B, Damiano D. Proposed definition and classification of cerebral palsy. Dev Med Child Neurol, 2005; 47(8): 571-576[Crossref][WoS][PubMed]
  • Bodkin AW, Robinson C, Perales FP. Reliability and validity of the gross motor function classification systemfor cerebral palsy. Pediatr Phys Ther, 2003; 15(4): 247-252[Crossref]
  • Chrysagis N, Douka A, Nikopoulos M, Apostolopoulou F, Koutsouki D. Effects of an aquatic program on gross motor function of children with spastic cerebral palsy. Biol Exerc, 2010; 5(2): 13-25
  • Cole A, Becker B., editors. Comprehensive aquatic therapy. 2nd ed. Philadelphia: Elsevier; 2004
  • Čoh M, Jovanović-Golubović D, Bratić M. Motor learning in sport. Facta Univ Phys Educ Sport, 2004; 2(1): 45-59
  • Declerck M. Effect of aquatic intervention on the gross motor function and quality of life of children with cerebral palsy. [master thesis]. Leuven: Catholic University of Leuven, Faculty of Kinesiology and Rehabilitation Sciences, 2010
  • Dimitrijević L, Stanković I, Živković V, Mikov A, Čolović H, Janković I. Botulinum toxin type A for the treatment of spasticity in children with cerebral palsy. Vojnosanitetski pregled, 2007; 64(8): 513-518[Crossref]
  • Dorval G, Tetreault S, Caron C. Impact of aquatic programmes on adolescents with cerebral palsy. Occup Ther Int, 1996; 3(4): 241-261[Crossref]
  • Flett PJ. Rehabilitation of spasticity and related problems in childhood cerebral palsy. J Paediatr Child Health, 2003; 39 (1): 6-14[PubMed][Crossref]
  • Fragala-Pinkham M, Haley SM, O'Neil ME.; Group aquatic aerobic exercise for children with disabilities. Dev Med Child Neuro, l 2008; 50(11): 822-827[Crossref][WoS]
  • Gerter JW, Currie SJ. Aquatic exercise programs for children and adolescents with cerebral palsy: what we do know and where do we go? Int J Ped, 2011; doi: 10.1155/2011/712165[Crossref]
  • Getz MD. Aquatic Intervention in Children with Neuro-Motor Impairments. [dissertation]. Utrecht: University of Utrecht, 2006
  • Getz M, Hutzler Y. Vermeer A. The Effects of Aquatic Intervention on Perceived Physical Competence and Social Acceptance in Children with Cerebral Palsy. Eur J Spec Need Educ, 2007; 22 (2): 217-228
  • Hutzler Y, Bergman U, Szeinberg A. Effects of a movement and swimming program on vital capacity and water orientation skills of children with cerebral palsy. Dev Med Child Neurol, 1998; 40(3): 176-181[PubMed]
  • Hutzler Y, Chacham A, Bergman U, Reches I. Effects of a movement swimming program water orientation skills and self concept of kindergarten children with cerebral palsy. Percep Mot Skills, 1998; 86(1): 111-118
  • Kelly M, Darrah J. Aquatic exercise for children with cerebral palsy. Dev Med Child Neurol, 2005; 47(12): 838-842[Crossref][PubMed]
  • Kriger KW. Cerebral Palsy: An Overview. Am Fam Physician, 2006; 73(1): 91-100.
  • Mackinnon K. An evaluation of the benefits of Halliwick swimming on a child with mild spastic diplegia. APCP J, 1997; Dec: 30-39
  • Palisano RJ, Rosenbaum P, Bartlett D, Livingston MH. Content validity of the expanded and revised Gross Motor Function Classification System. Dev Med Child Neurol, 2008; 50(10): 744-750[WoS][Crossref][PubMed]
  • Rosenbaum P. Cerebral palsy: what parents and doctors want to know? BMJ, 2003; 326 (7396): 970-974
  • Russell DJ, Rosenbaum PL, Avery LM, Lane M. Gross Motor Function Measure (GMFM-66 and GMFM-88) User's Manual. London: MacKeith Press, 2002
  • Takeshima N, Rogers ME, Watanabe E, Brechue WF, Okada A, Yamada T, et al. Water-based exercise improves health-related aspects of fitness in older women. Med Sci Sports Exerc, 2002; 34(3): 544-551[Crossref][PubMed]
  • Thorpe DE, Reilly M, Case L. The effects of an aquatic resistive exercise program on ambulatory children with cerebral palsy. J Aquat Phys Ther, 2005; 13(2): 21-34
  • Tirosh R, Katz-Leurer M, Getz MD. Halliwick-Based Aquatic Assessments: Reliability and Validity. IJARE, 2008; 2(3): 224-236
  • Verschuren O, Ketelaar M, Takken T, Helders PJM, Gorter JW. Exercise programs for children with cerebral palsy: a systematic review of the literature. Am J Phys Med Rehabil, 2007; 161(11): 1075-1081[WoS]
  • World Medical Association Declaration of Helsinki. Ethical principles for medical research involving human subjects. JAMA, 2000; 284 (23): 3043-3045[WoS]
Document Type
Publication order reference
Identifiers
YADDA identifier
bwmeta1.element.-psjd-doi-10_2478_v10078-012-0033-5
JavaScript is turned off in your web browser. Turn it on to take full advantage of this site, then refresh the page.