Full-text resources of PSJD and other databases are now available in the new Library of Science.
Visit https://bibliotekanauki.pl


Preferences help
enabled [disable] Abstract
Number of results
2012 | 31 | 89-96

Article title

A Comparison Of Physiological Responses To Various Intermittent And Continuous Small-Sided Games In Young Soccer Players



Title variants

Languages of publication



The purpose of this study was to investigate physiological responses to various intermittent and continuous small-sided games (SSGs) - including 2-a-side, 3-a-side, and 4-a-side games - in young soccer players. Twenty soccer players (average age 16.6±0.5 years; mean body height 176.2±4.6 cm; mean body mass 65.9±5.6 kg) voluntarily participated in this study. The subjects underwent anthropometric measurements followed by the YoYo intermittent recovery test. Then, they played intermittent (SSGint) and continuous (SSGcon) 2-a-side, 3-a-side, and 4-a-side soccer-specific SSGs in random order at 2-day intervals. Paired t-tests were used to assess differences between the training regimens (intermittent and continuous) in terms of heart rate (HR), percentage of maximum HR (%HRmax), and blood lactate concentration (LA). The differences in LA, HR and %HRmax between the 2-a-side, 3-a-side and 4-a-side SSGint or the 2-a-side, 3-a-side and 4-a-side SSGcon were identified using a one-way analysis of variance with repeated measures. The results demonstrated that the 3-a-side SSGint and SSGcon measurements were significantly higher than the 2-a-side and 4-a-side games in terms of HR and %HRmax, whereas the 2-a-side SSGint and SSGcon resulted in higher LA responses compared to other SSG types. The study results also demonstrated that SSGint and SSGcon are similar in terms of physiological responses except for 2-a-side game LA responses. The results of this study suggest that both SSGint and SSGcon could be used for the physiological adaptations required for soccer specific aerobic endurance.







Physical description


1 - 3 - 2012
3 - 4 - 2012


  • Schools of Sport Sciences and Technology, Pamukkale University, Denizli, Turkey


  • Bangsbo J, Iaia FM, Krustrup P. The Yo-Yo intermittent recovery test. Sports Med 2008; 38: 37-51.[Crossref][PubMed]
  • Fanchini M, Azzalin A, Castagna C, Schena F, Mccall A, Impellizzeri FM. Effect of bout duration on exercise intensity and technical performance of small-sided games in soccer. J Strength Cond Res 2011;25(2):453-458.[WoS][Crossref][PubMed]
  • Gorostiaga EM, Walter CB, Foster C, Hickson RC. Uniqueness of interval and continuous training at the same maintained exercise intensity. Eur J Appl Physiol Occul Physiol 1991;63 (2): 101-107.[Crossref]
  • Hill-Haas SV, Coutts AJ, Dawson BT, Rowsell GJ. Time-motion characteristics and physiological responses of small-sided games in elite youth players: The influence of player number and rule changes. J Strength Cond Res 2010:24(8): 2149-2156.[Crossref]
  • Hill-Haas SV, Coutts AJ, Rowsell GJ, Dawson BT. Generic versus small-sided game training in soccer. Int J Sports Med 2009a; 30: 636-642.[Crossref][WoS]
  • Hill-Haas SV, Dawson BT, Coutts AJ, Rowsell GJ. Physiological responses and time-motion characteristics of various small-sided soccer games in youth players, J Sports Sci 2009b; 27(1):1-8.[Crossref]
  • Hill-Haas SV, Dawson BT, Impellizzeri FM, Coutts AJ. Physiology of small-sided games training in football: A systematic review. Sports Med 2011; 41: 199-220.[Crossref]
  • Hill-Haas SV, Rowsell GJ, Dawson BT, Coutts AJ. Acute physiological responses and time-motion characteristics of two small-sided training regimes in youth soccer players. J Strength Cond Res 2009c; 23: 111-115.[Crossref]
  • Jones S, Drust B. Physiological and technical demands of 4 v 4 and 8 v 8 games in elite youth soccer players. Kinesiology 2007; 39: 150-156.
  • Kelly DM, and Drust, B. The effect of pitch dimensions on heart rate responses and technical demands of small-sided soccer games in elite players. J Sci Med Sport 2009; 12: 475-479.[PubMed][WoS][Crossref]
  • Koklu Y, Asci A, Kocak FU, Alemdaroglu U, Dundar U. Comparison of the physiological responses to different small-sided games in elite young soccer players. J Strength Cond Res 2011; 25(6): 1522-1528.[PubMed][WoS][Crossref]
  • Little T, Williams AG. Suitability of soccer training drills for endurance training. J Strength Cond Res 2006; 20(2): 316-319.[PubMed]
  • Little T, Williams AG. Measures of exercise intensity during soccer training drills with professional soccer players. J Strength Cond Res 2007; 21(2): 367-371.[PubMed][WoS]
  • Impellizzeri FM, Marcora SM, Castagna C, Reilly T, Sassi A, Iaia FM, Rampinini E. Physiological and performance effects of generic versus specific training in soccer players. Int J Sports Med 2006;27: 483-492.[PubMed][Crossref]
  • McMillan K, Helgerud J, Macdonald R, Hoff J. Physiological adaptations to soccer specific endurance training in professional youth soccer players. Br J Sports Med 2005; 39: 273-277.[Crossref][PubMed]
  • Perry CGR, Heigenhauser GJF, Bonen A. Spriet LL. High-intensity aerobic interval training increases fat and carbohydrate metabolic capacities in human skeletal muscle. Appl Physiol, Nutr, Metab 2008; 33: 1112-1123.[WoS][Crossref][PubMed]
  • Rampinini E, Impellizzeri FM, Castagna C, Abt G, Chamari K, Sassi A, Marcora SM. Factors influencing physiological responses to small-sided soccer games. J Sports Sci 2007;25(6): 659-666.[WoS][PubMed][Crossref]
  • Stone NM, Kilding AE. Aerobic Conditioning for Team Sport Athletes Sports Med 2009; 39 (8): 615-642.[Crossref]
  • Tuimil JL, Boullosa DA, Fernandez-del-Olmo MA, Rodrguez, FA. Effect of equated continuous and interval running programs on endurance performance and jump capacity. J Strength Cond Res 2011;25(8):2205-2211[Crossref][WoS]

Document Type

Publication order reference


YADDA identifier

JavaScript is turned off in your web browser. Turn it on to take full advantage of this site, then refresh the page.