Strength Training and Detraining in Different Populations: Case Studies
Languages of publication
Many researchers have demonstrated that a specific strength training program can improve maximal strength and, the rate of force production, reduce the incidence of muscle-skeletal injury, and contribute to faster injury recovery times, thereby minimizing the number of missed practice sessions or competitions. Yet, to our best knowledge, there is no apparent consensus on the appropriate method of muscle strength and power training to enhance performance in distinct populations groups. Interruptions in training process because of illness, injury, holidays, post-season break or other factors are normal situations in any kind of sport. However, the detraining period and its consequences are not well reported in sports literature, and namely during puberty. Therefore, the aim of this paper was to discuss several case studies concerning different populations such us physical students, age-swimming competitors and elite power athletes.
1 - 9 - 2011
4 - 10 - 2011
- Abernethy P.J., Quigley B.M. Concurrent strength and endurance training of the elbow extensors. J. Strength Cond. Res., 1993; 7: 234.
- Aspenes S., Kjendlie P.L., Hoff J., Helgerud J. Combined strength and endurance training in competitive swimmers. J. Sport Sci. Med., 2009, 8: 357-365.
- Faigenbaum A.D., Kraemer W. J., Blimkie C.J., Jeffreys I., Micheli L.J., Nitka M., and Rowland T.W. Youth resistance training: updated position statement paper from the national strength and conditioning association. J. Strength Cond. Res. 2009; 23(Supplement 5): S60-S79.[WoS]
- Faigenbaum A.D., Westcott W.L., Micheli L.J., Outerbridge A.R., Long C.J., LaRosa-Loud R., and Zaichkowskt L.D. The Effects of Strength Training and Detraining on Children. J. Strength Cond. Res. 1996; 10: 109-114.[Crossref]
- Garrido N., Marinho D.A., Reis V.M., van den Tillaar R., Costa A.M., Silva A.J., and Marques M.C. Does concurrent dry land strength and aerobic training inhibit strength and swimming performance in young competitive swimmers? J. Sports Sci. Med. 2010; 9: 300-310.
- González-Badillo J.J., Gorostiaga E.M., Arellano R., and Izquierdo M. Moderate resistance training volume produces more favourable strength gains than high or low volumes during a short-term training cycle. J. Strength Cond. Res. 2005; 19(3):689-697.
- González-Badillo JJ, Izquierdo M, Gorostiaga EM. Moderate volume of high relative training intensity produces greater strength gains compared with low and high volumes in competitive weightlifters. J Strength Cond Res. 2006; 20 (1): 73-81.
- Ingle, L., Sleap M., and Tilfrey K. The effect of a complex training and detraining programme on selected strength and power variables in early pubertal boys. J. Sports Sci. 2006; 24: 987-997.[Crossref]
- Izquierdo-Gabarren M., Exposito R.J., Garcia-Pallare J., Medina L., Villareal E., and Izquierdo M. Concurrent Endurance and Strength Training Not to Failure Optimizes Performance Gains. Sci. Sports Exerc. 2010; 42: 1191-1199.[WoS]
- Kraemer W.J., Patton J.F., Gordon S.E., et al. Compatibility of high-intensity strength and endurance training on hormonal and skeletal muscle adaptations. J. Appl. Physiol. 1995; 78: 976-989.
- Léger L.A., Mercier D., Gadoury C., and Lambert J. The multistage 20 meter shuttle run test for aerobic fitness, J Sports Sci. 1988; 6: 93-101.
- Leveritt M., Abernethy P.J., Barry B.K., and Logan P.A. Concurrent strength and endurance training. A review. Sports Med. 1999; 28: 413-427.[Crossref]
- Malina R. Physical Activity and Fitness: Pathways from Childhood to Adulthood. Am. J. Hum. Biol. 2001; 13: 162-172.
- Marfell-Jones M., Olds T., Stewart A., and Carter L. International standards for anthropometric assessment. ISAK: Potchefstroom, South Africa, 2006.
- Marques, M.C., and González-Badillo, J.J. In-season Resistance Training and Detraining in Professional Team Handball Players. J. Strength Cond. Res. 2006; 20(3), 563-571.
- Marques M.C, van den Tillaar R., Vescovi J.D., and González-Badillo J.J. Changes in Strength and Power Performance in Elite Senior Female Professional Volleyball Players During the In-Season: A Case Study. J. Strength Cond. Res. 2008; 22: 1147-1155.[Crossref][WoS]
- Marques M.C. Relación entre los valores de fuerza y su entrenamiento con la velocidad en lanzamientos, desplazamientos y saltos. Ph.D. diss., Dept. Deportes e Informática. Universidad Pablo de Olavide. Sevilla, Espanha, 2007.
- Marques M.C., González-Badillo J.J, and Kluka D. In-Season Strength Training Male Professional Volleyball Athletes. Strength and Cond. J. 2006; 28(6): 6-12.
- Marques M.C., van den Tillaar R, Vescovi J.D., and González-Badillo J.J. Changes in strength and power performance in elite senior female professional volleyball players during the in-season: a case study. J Strength Cond Res. 2008; 20(3): 563-571.[WoS]
- Mujika I. and Padilla S. Cardiorespiratory and metabolic characteristics of detraining in humans. Med. Sci. Sports Exerc. 2001; 3: 413-421.[Crossref]
- Rhea M.R., Ball S., Phillips W., and Burkett L. A Comparison of Linear and Daily Undulating Periodized Programs with Equated Volume and Intensity for Strength. J. Strength Cond. Res. 2003; 16(2): 250-255.
- Sale D.G., McDougall J.D., Jacobs I., and Garner S. Interaction between concurrent strength and endurance training. J. Appl. Physiol. 1990; 68: 260-270.
- Sallis J., McKenzie T.L., Alcaraz J.E., Kolody B., Faucette N., and Hovell M.E. The Effects of a 2-Year Physical Education Program (SPARK) on Physical Activity and Fitness in Elementary School Students. Am. J. Public Health 1997; 87: 1328-1334.[PubMed]
- Santos A., Marinho D.A., Costa A.M., Izquierdo M., and Marques M.C. The effects of concurrent resistance and endurance training follow a detraining period in elementary school students. J. Strength Cond. Res.; 2011a. (in press)[WoS]
- Santos A., Marinho D.A., Costa A.M., Izquierdo M., and Marques M.C. Effects of concurrent strength and endurance training/de-training program fallow a specific detraining cycle on strength and aerobic fitness in school a girls group. J. Human Kinetics; 2011b. (in press)
- Sharma M. School-based interventions for Childhood and Adolescent Obesity. Obes. Res. 2006; 7: 261-269.
- Shaw B.S., Shaw I., and Brown G.A. Comparison of resistance and concurrent resistance and endurance training regimes in the development of strength. J. Strength Cond. Res. 2009; 23: 2507-2514.[Crossref][WoS]
- Twisk J.W., Kemper H.C., and van Mechelen W. Tracking of activity and fitness and the relationship with cardiovascular disease risk factors. Med. Sci. Sports Exerc. 2000; 32: 1455-1461.[Crossref]
- Van den Tillaar R., and Marques M.C. Effect of two different throwing training programs with same workload on throwing performance with soccer ball. Int. J. Sports Phys. Perf. 2009; 4: 747-484.
- Villarreal E.S., Kellis E., Kraemer W.J., and Izquierdo M. Determining variables of plyometric training for improving vertical jump height performance: a meta-analysis. J Strength Cond Res. 2009; 2: 495-506.[WoS][Crossref]
- Watts K., Beye P., Siafarikas A. et al. Exercise training normalises vascular dysfunction and improves central adiposity in obese adolescents. J. Am. Coll. Cardiol. 2004; 43: 1823-1827.[Crossref]
Publication order reference