Full-text resources of PSJD and other databases are now available in the new Library of Science.
Visit https://bibliotekanauki.pl


Preferences help
enabled [disable] Abstract
Number of results
2011 | 28 | 73-78

Article title

Changes of Reaction Time and Blood Lactate Concentration of Elite Volleyball Players During a Game


Title variants

Languages of publication



The purpose of this study was to investigate changes in reaction time of elite volleyball players during a game. Fourteen volleyball players participated in the study. Reaction time was measured using the Optojump system. In addition, blood lactate concentration was assessed to monitor physiological load during the game. All measurements were performed during a pre-game test and during sets 1, 2, 3 and 4. Reaction time during set 1 decreased significantly by 13,3 % compared with pre-game values, from 600 ms during the pre-game test to 520 ms during set 1 (p<0,05). Blood lactate concentration increased significantly during set 1, 2, 3 and 4 compared with pre-game conditions (p<0,05). Reaction time stays in the first phase of its changes pattern and elite volleyball players do not reach psychomotor fatigue threshold throughout the game.







Physical description


1 - 6 - 2011
4 - 7 - 2011


  • Department of Athletes Motor Skills, Sport Institute, University School of Physical Education, Wrocław, Poland
  • Department of Athletes Motor Skills, Sport Institute, University School of Physical Education, Wrocław, Poland
  • Department of Athletes Motor Skills, Sport Institute, University School of Physical Education, Wrocław, Poland


  • Arent SM, Landers DM. Arousal, anxiety, and performance: a reexamination of the Inverted-U hypothesis. Res Q Exerc Sport, 2003; 74: 436-444.[Crossref]
  • Audiffren M, Tomporowski PD, Zagrodnik J. Acute aerobic exercise and information processing: energizing motor processes during a choice reaction time task. Acta Psychol (Amst), 2008; 129: 410-419.[Crossref][WoS]
  • Aune TK, Ingvaldsen RP, Ettema GJ. Effect of physical fatigue on motor control at different skill levels. Percept Mot Skills, 2008; 106: 371-386.[WoS][Crossref][PubMed]
  • Bosquet L, Berryman N, Dupuy O. A comparison of 2 optical timing systems designed to measure flight time and contact time during jumping and hopping. J Strength Cond Res, 2009; 23: 2660-2665.[WoS]
  • Chang YK, Etnier JL. Exploring the dose-response relationship between resistance exercise intensity and cognitive function. J Sport Exerc Psychol, 2009; 31: 640-656.
  • Chmura J, Nazar K. Parallel changes in the onset of blood lactate accumulation (OBLA) and threshold of psychomotor performance deterioration during incremental exercise after training in athletes. Int J Psychophysiol, 2010; 75: 287-290.[WoS][Crossref][PubMed]
  • Chmura J, Nazar K, Kaciuba-Uscilko H. Choice reaction time during graded exercise in relation to blood lactate and plasma catecholamine thresholds. Int J Sports Med, 1994; 15: 172-176.[Crossref][PubMed]
  • Coles K, Tomporowski PD. Effects of acute exercise on executive processing, short-term and long-term memory. J Sports Sci, 2008; 26: 333-344.[Crossref]
  • Di Cagno A, Baldari C, Battaglia C, Monteiro MD, Pappalardo A, Piazza M, Guidetti L. Factors influencing performance of competitive and amateur rhythmic gymnastics-gender differences. J Sci Med Sport, 2009; 12: 411-416.[Crossref][PubMed]
  • Duffy E. The psychological significance of the concept of arousal or activation. Psychol Rev, 1957; 64: 265-275.[PubMed][Crossref]
  • Fitts RH. Cellular mechanisms of muscle fatigue. Physiol Rev, 1994; 74: 49-94.[PubMed]
  • Heck H, Mader A, Hess G, Mucke S, Muller R, Hollmann W. Justification of the 4-mmol/l lactate threshold. Int J Sports Med, 1985; 6: 117-130.[PubMed][Crossref]
  • Hillman CH, Snook EM, Jerome GJ. Acute cardiovascular exercise and executive control function. Int J Psychophysiol, 2003; 48: 307-314.[PubMed][Crossref]
  • Kamijo K, Nishihira Y, Higashiura T, Kuroiwa K. The interactive effect of exercise intensity and task difficulty on human cognitive processing. Int J Psychophysiol, 2007; 65: 114-121.[WoS][Crossref][PubMed]
  • Kjaer M. Epinephrine and some other hormonal responses to exercise in man: with special reference to physical training. Int J Sports Med, 1989; 10: 2-15.[PubMed][Crossref]
  • Kunstlinger U, Ludwig HG, Stegemann J. Metabolic changes during volleyball matches. Int J Sports Med, 1987; 8: 315-322.[PubMed][Crossref]
  • McMorris T, Delves S, Sproule J, Lauder M, Hale B. Effect of incremental exercise on initiation and movement times in a choice response, whole body psychomotor task. Br J Sports Med, 2005; 39: 537-541.[Crossref]
  • McMorris T, Graydon J. The effect of exercise on cognitive performance in soccer-specific tests. J Sports Sci, 1997; 15: 459-468.[Crossref]
  • Rhea MR, Landers DM, Alvar BA, Arent SM. The effects of competition and the presence of an audience on weight lifting performance. J Strength Cond Res, 2003; 17: 303-306.[PubMed]
  • Royal KA, Farrow D, Mujika I, Halson SL, Pyne D, Abernethy B. The effects of fatigue on decision making and shooting skill performance in water polo players. J Sports Sci, 2006; 24: 807-815.[Crossref]
  • Sibley BA, Etnier JL. Time course of attention and decision making during a volleyball set. Res Q Exerc Sport, 2004; 75: 102-106.[Crossref]
  • Themanson JR, Hillman CH. Cardiorespiratory fitness and acute aerobic exercise effects on neuroelectric and behavioral measures of action monitoring. Neuroscience, 2006; 141: 757-767.[Crossref][PubMed]
  • Tomporowski PD. Effects of acute bouts of exercise on cognition. Acta Psychol (Amst), 2003; 112: 297-324.[Crossref]

Document Type

Publication order reference


YADDA identifier

JavaScript is turned off in your web browser. Turn it on to take full advantage of this site, then refresh the page.