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2011 | 27 | 180-189
Article title

Competitive Anxiety and Coping Strategies in Young Martial Arts and Track and Field Athletes

Content
Title variants
Languages of publication
EN
Abstracts
EN
This study is an examination of the relationship between competitive anxiety and coping strategies in young athletes. Sixty karatekas and 72 track and field athletes were the subjects of the study. The age of the athletes ranged between 18 and 25 years. All had been practicing their sports for 6-8 years. The research instruments employed are the Competitive State Anxiety Inventory-2 (CSAI-2) and the Coping Inventory for Stressful Situations (CISS).Results show that martial arts athletes reported a significantly higher level of self-confidence and lower levels of cognitive and somatic anxiety compared to track and field athletes. The two groups also differed in regard to the use of coping strategies in stressful situations. For example, the karate athletes used more effective strategies such as task-oriented coping. In the next step of the study, the subjects were divided into two groups according to the level of performance (i.e. "winners" and "losers"). The "losers exhibited higher levels of anxiety, both cognitive and somatic, than "winners". They also had higher scores on less effective coping subscales, e.g. emotion-oriented and avoidance-oriented.There is a significant interdependence between anxiety and level of performance in competitive stress situations. Future research should also consider the possible mediating role of other psychological factors, such as personality traits.
Publisher

Year
Volume
27
Pages
180-189
Physical description
Dates
published
1 - 3 - 2011
online
6 - 4 - 2011
Contributors
  • Department of Psychology, University of Rzeszow
  • Faculty of Physical Education, University of Rzeszow
author
  • Institute of Physiotherapy, University of Rzeszow
  • Faculty of Physical Education, University of Rzeszow
References
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  • Endler, N. S., & Parker, D. A. (1999). Coping Inventory for Stressful Situations (CISS): Manual (2nd ed.). Toronto: Multi Health Systems.
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  • Martens, R., Vealey, R. S., & Burton, D. (1990). Competitive anxiety in sport. Champaign, IL: Human Kinetics Publ.
  • Morales-Negron, H. (2008). Self-Efficacy and State Anxiety during Mandatory Combatives Training. Archives of Budo, 2008; 4: 26-31.
  • Mytskan, B., Kurylyuk, S., & Fotujma, O. (2006). Psychic qualities and their role in the system of psychological training of judoists. Ido-Ruch dla Kultury/Movement for Culture, 6, 123-130.
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  • Swain, A., & Jones, G. (1996). Explaining performance variance: The relative contribution of intensity and direction dimensions of competitive state anxiety. Anxiety, Stress and Coping, 9, 1-18.
  • Wrześniewski, K. (2000). Styles and strategies for coping with stress. Problems of assessment. In: I. Heszen-Niejodek, & Z. Ratajczak (Eds.). Man in the situation of stress. Theoretical and methodological problems] (pp. 44-64). University of Silesia Press, Katowice.
Document Type
Publication order reference
Identifiers
YADDA identifier
bwmeta1.element.-psjd-doi-10_2478_v10078-011-0014-0
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