Full-text resources of PSJD and other databases are now available in the new Library of Science.
Visit https://bibliotekanauki.pl


Preferences help
enabled [disable] Abstract
Number of results
2009 | 22 | 35-41

Article title

Individualization of Physical Loads and Speed Abilities of Young Soccer Players in a Six-Month Training Macrocycle


Title variants

Languages of publication



The aim of this paper was to address the issue of individualized training loads and its influence on speed development among speed-type and endurance-type players during a six-month training macrocycle.The research was conducted in a group of 36 young male soccer players from for two sport clubs: Lech Poznań and Warta Poznań. The stages of the study undertaken resulted from the time structure of sport training and were carried out during a six-month macrocycle. The players of Lech Poznań took part in a test which involved applying three series' (six repetitions each) of speed-type exercises, with regard to the player's motor type in each of the three training units comprising the weekly macrocycle. During each stage of data collection, the players were subjected to a stress test for stretches of 10, 20 and 30 m.The study has shown a significant impact of individualization of training loads on development of speed abilities in the examined players. An increase of speed during the tests of 10 and 20 m was noted in both speed and endurance-type players. This was probably an effect of adapting individual training loads to motor predispositions of the players during the six months of the experiment. It can be also assumed that the increase in speed among the subjects is a result of rising phosphagen potential and enzymatic activity (especially creatine kinase), as well as improved motor units recruitment.







Physical description


1 - 1 - 2009
13 - 1 - 2010


  • Faculty of Methodology and Recreation, University School of Physical Education, Poznan, ul. Rybaki 19 61-884 Poznan, Poland
  • Faculty of Players' Motor Activity, University School of Physical Education, Wrocław, ul. Paderewskiego 35 51-612 Wrocław, Poland
  • Faculty of Theory of Sport, University School of Physical Education, Poznan, ul. Królowej Jadwigi 27/39 61-871 Poznan, Poland
  • Faculty of Theory of Sport, University School of Physical Education, Poznan, ul. Królowej Jadwigi 27/39 61-871 Poznan, Poland


  • Ali A., M. Farrally., A computer-video aided time-motion analysis technique for match analysis. J Sports Med Phys Fitness 1991. 31: 82-88[PubMed]
  • Andersen J.L., Agaard P., Myosin heavy chain IIX overshoot in human skeletal muscle. Muscle Nerve 2001. 23:1095-1104
  • Andrzejewski M., Chmura J., The influence of individualizing physical loads on speed, creatine kinase activity and lactate dehydrogenase in football players. Biology of Sport 2008 25 (2): 177-186
  • Bangsbo J., The footballer physical efficiency. New scientific bases. The Coach library 1999. COS, Warsaw.
  • Bangsbo J., Krustrup P., Physical demands and training of top-class soccer players. In: Reilly T, Korkusuz F, editors. Science and Football VI. Routledge, 2008. 318-330.
  • Barros R., Milton S., Misuta Rafael P., Menezes Pascual J., Figueroa, Felipe A. Moura, Sergio A Cunha, Ricardo Anido and Neucimar J. Leite. Analysis of the distances covered by first division Brazilian soccer players obtained with an automatic tracking method. Journal of Sports Science and Medicine 2007. 6: 233-242.
  • Chmura J., Speed in football. AWF Katowice 2001.
  • Chmura J., Dargiewicz R., Andrzejewski M., The endurance and speed abilities of players during the qualifying game to the Champion League in football. The monograph AWF in Wroclaw 2004. 5:77-87
  • Drust B., Atkinson G., Reilly T., Future perspectives in the evaluation of the physiological demands of soccer. Sport Medicine 2007. 9:783-805[Crossref]
  • Ekblom B., Applied physiology of soccer. Sports Medicine 1986. 3:50-60[WoS][Crossref]
  • Franks A.M., Williams A.M., Reilly T., Nevill A., Talent identification in elite youth soccer players: physical and physiological characteristics. Communication to the 4th World Congress on Science and Football, Sydney. J. Sport Sci 1999. 17: 812
  • Gissis I., Papadopulos Ch., Strength and speed characteristics of elite, sub elite and recreational young soccer players. Research in sports Medicine 2006. 14:205-214
  • Helgerud J., Engen LC., Wisløff U., Aerobic endurance training improves soccer performance. Med Sci Sports Exerc 2001. 33: 1925-31[PubMed][Crossref]
  • Kotzamanidis Ch., Chatzopoulos D., Michailidis Ch., Papaiakovou G., Patikas D., The effect of Combined Highintensity strength and speed training program on the running jumping ability of soccer players. Journal of strength and Conditioning Association 2005. 19: 369-375
  • Krustrup P., Mohr M., Ellingsgaard H., Physical demands during an elite female soccer game: importance of training status. Med Sci Sports Exerc 2005. 37:1242-1248[Crossref][PubMed]
  • Martens R., Coaching Young Athletes. Champaign, Illinois, Human Kinetics Publishers Inc 1993.
  • Mohr M., P. Krustrup., J. Bangsbo., Match performance of high-standard soccer players with special reference to development of fatigue. Journal of Sport Science 2003. 21:519-528[Crossref]
  • O'Donoghue P. Time-motion analysis of work rate in elite soccer. In: Tavares Mha F, editor. Notational analysis of sport IV: Centre for Team Sports Studies. Porto: Faculty of Sport Sciences and Physical Education, University of Porto 2001. 65-70
  • Rampinini, E., Bishop, D., Marcora, S.M., Ferrari Bravo, D., Sassi, R and Impellizzeri, F.M. Validity of Simple Field Tests as Indicators of Match-Related Physical Performance in Top-Level Professional Soccer Players. International Journal of Sports Medicine 2007. (serial online) 28(3).[Crossref]
  • Reilly T., The science of training - soccer. A scientific approach to developing strength, speed and endurance. Routledge, Taylor & Francis Group. London and New York 2007.
  • Rebelo N., P. Krustrup., J. Soares., J. Bangsbo., Reduction in intermittent exercise performance during a soccer match. Journal of Sport Science 1998. 16:482-483
  • Stølen T., Chamari K., Castagna C., Physiology of soccer: an update. Sports Med 2005 35: 501-36.[PubMed][Crossref]
  • Weineck J., Wie verbessere ich die Schnelligkeit. Fussballtraining 1994. 3.
  • Valquer W., Barros TL., Sant'anna M., High intensity motion pattern analyses of Brazilian elite soccer players. In: Tavares F, editor. IV World Congress of Notational Analysis of Sport; Porto 1998. FCDEF-UP: 80

Document Type

Publication order reference


YADDA identifier

JavaScript is turned off in your web browser. Turn it on to take full advantage of this site, then refresh the page.