Benefits of Sleep in Motor Learning – Prospects and Limitations
Languages of publication
During the recent years it has been shown repeatedly that, after initial learning, elapse of time preserves, but sleep enhances performance in procedural motor skills. To date, however, the majority of experimental studies in this area employed some sort of a sequential finger tapping skill as a criterion task. Thus it is unclear yet, if any (and which) other types of motor skills do indeed benefit from sleep. In order to answer this question, and to provide theoretical statements about the memory system regarding benefits of sleep in motor learning, we carried out a series of studies following a "multi-task research strategy". Although we successfully replicated sleep-related improvements in the production of newly acquired sequential finger skills (FT-Task) under different learning conditions (i.e., guided or unguided), we did not find any such effect of sleep in discrete motor tasks requiring precise production of (a) a specific relative timing pattern (Diamond Tapping-Task), or (b) a sub-maximal force impulse (vertical Counter Movement Jump), and we also failed to find any specifically sleep-related effects on subsequent performance in (c) a continuous visuo-motor pursuit-tracking task. These results are considered in relation to other work, and the respective theoretical implications are discussed.
1 - 1 - 2008
13 - 1 - 2009
- Benington J. H. Frank M. G. Cellular and molecular connections between sleep and synaptic plasticity. Progress in Neurobiology, 2003. 69 (2), 71-101.[Crossref]
- Blischke K. Automatisierung einer großmotorischen Kalibrierungsaufgabe durch Prozeduralisierung. psychologie und sport, 2001. 8(1), 19-38.
- Blischke K. Erlacher D. How Sleep Enhances Motor Learning - a Review. Journal of Human Kinetics, 2007. 17, 3-14.
- Cohen D. A., Pascual-Leone A., Press D. Z., Robertson E. M. Off-line learning of motor skill memory: A double dissociation of goal and movement. Proceedings of The National Academy of Science, 2005. 102, 18237-18241.
- Cohen D. A., Robertson E. M. Motor sequence consolidation constrained by critical time windows or competing components. Experimental Brain Research, 2007. 177, 440-446.[WoS][PubMed][Crossref]
- Erlacher D., Schredl M., Roth K. (in prep). Changes in REM sleep parameters after learning a novel gross motor task.
- Fischer S., Nitschke M. F., Melchert U. H., Erdmann C. Born J. Motor memory consolidation in sleep shapes more effective neural representations. The Journal of Neuroscience, 2005. 25, 1248-1255.
- Heuer H. The laboratory and the world outside. In O. G. Meijer K. Roth (eds.), Complex movement behaviour, 1987. (pp. 405-417). Amsterdam: North-Holland.
- Keele S. W., Ivry R., Mayr U., Hazeltine E. Heuer H. The cognitive and neural architecture of sequence representation. Psychological Review, 2003. 110, 316-339.[PubMed][Crossref]
- Maquet P., Schwartz S., Passingham R. Frith C. Sleep-related consolidation of a visuomotor skill: Brain mechanisms as assessed by functional magnetic resonance imaging. The Journal of Neuroscience, 2003. 23, 1432-1440.
- Nishida M. Walker M. P. Daytime naps, motor memory consolidation and regionally specific sleep spindles. PloS ONE 2007. 2(4), e341.
- Robertson E. M., Pascual-Leone A., Press D. Z. Awareness modifies the skill-learning benefits of sleep. Current Biology, 2004. 14, 208-212.
- Robertson E. M., Press D. Z., Pascual-Leone A. Off-line learning and the primary motor cortex. The Journal of Neuroscience, 2005. 25, 6372-6378.[Crossref]
- Schredl M., Erlacher D. REM sleep and visuo-motor skill learning: A correlational study. Sleep and Hypnosis, 2007. 9, 52-59.
- Sheth B. R., Janvelyan D., Kahn M. Practice makes imperfect: Restorative effects of sleep on motor learning. PloS ONE, 2008. 3(9), e3190.
- Smith C. T., Aubrey J. B. Peters K. R. Different roles for REM and stage 2 sleep in motor learning: A proposed model. Psychologica Belgica, 2004. 44 (1/2), 79-102.
- Song S., Howard Jr., J. H., Howard D. V. Sleep does not benefit probabilistic motor sequence learning. The Journal of Neuroscience, 2007. 27, 12475-12483.[Crossref][WoS]
- Verwey W. B., Clegg B. A. Effector dependent sequence learning in the serial RT task. Psychological Research, 2005. 69, 242-251.
- Walker M. P. A refined model of sleep and the time course of memory formation. Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 2005. 28, 51-104.
- Walker M. P., Brakefield T., Morgan A., Hobson J. A., Stickgold R. Practice with sleep makes perfect: Sleep-dependent motor skill learning. Neuron, 2002. 35, 205-21.[Crossref][PubMed]
- Willingham D. B. A neuropsychological theory of motor skill learning. Psychological Review, 1998. 105, 558-584.[WoS][Crossref][PubMed]
- Yordanova J., Kolec V., Verleger R., Bataghva Z., Born J., Wagner U. Shifting from implicit to explicit knowledge: Different roles of early- and late-night sleep. Learning Memory, 2008, 15, 508-515.[WoS]
Publication order reference