PL EN


Preferences help
enabled [disable] Abstract
Number of results
2009 | 64 | 75-85
Article title

Synthetic carbon adsorbents - the method of their preparation and application in adsorption and chromatography

Authors
Content
Title variants
Languages of publication
EN
Abstracts
EN
This paper is devoted to the methods of preparation of the synthetic carbon adsorbents by carbonization of different polymer precursors and the research into the structural and surface properties of the obtained carbon adsorbents. The paper describes the research into the preparation of active carbons by carbonization of: polysufonated cation-exchanged resin, polyvinyl chloride and porous copolymer (4,4-diphenyl sulfone dimethacrylate). The carbonization of polymers was carried out in inactive atmosphere under the supervised conditions. The spherical shape of grains is a result of carbonization. The obtained carbon adsorbents were subjected to additional modification processes, i.e. hydrothermal activation in steam atmosphere, oxidation with nitric acid (6M HNO3) and heated in hydrogen (H2) atmosphere.The adsorption from aqueous solutions of the chosen organic compounds on the modified synthetic active carbons, the adsorption of organic compounds in relation to water as well as structural characteristics of carbon adsorbents are discussed in this paper. The interaction of the organic substances and the synthetic active carbons in aqueous solutions depends on the structural properties of carbons (volume of micro- and meso-pores, distribution of pore sizes, specific surface area) and their chemical properties (i.e. concentration of functional oxygen groups, presence of mineral admixtures).
Keywords
Year
Volume
64
Pages
75-85
Physical description
Dates
published
1 - 1 - 2009
online
22 - 1 - 2010
Contributors
author
  • Institute of Chemistry, Jan Kochanowski University, ul. Świętokrzyska 15G, 25-404 Kielce, Poland
References
  • S. Skrabakova, E. Matisova, M. Onderovo, I. Novak, D. Berek, Chem. Pap. 48, 169 (1994).
  • E. Matisova, S. Skrabakova, J. Chromatogr. A 707, 145 (1995).
  • C. A. Leo'n, Y. Leo'n, L. R. Radovic, in: P. A. Thrower (Ed.), Chemistry and Physics of Carbon, vol. 24, Marcel Dekker, New York, 1994, p. 214.
  • K. Laszlo, A. Szucs, Carbon 39, 1945 (2001).
  • L. R. Radovic, I. F. Silva, J. I. Ume, J. A. Menendez, C. A. Leon y Leon, W. A. Scaroni, Carbon 35, 1339. (1997).
  • V. B. Fenelonov, Porous Carbon, Institute of Catalysis, Novosibirsk, 1995.
  • C. Moreno-Castilla, O. P. Mahajian, P. L. Walker Jr., Carbon, 18, 271 (1980).
  • E. E. Hucke, US Patent No 3 859 421 (1975).
  • J. L. Schmitt Jr, P. L. Walker Jr, G. A. Hajian, Carbon 18, 377 (1980).
  • P. L. Walker Jr, A. Oya, O. P. Mahajian, Carbon, 7, 643 (1969).
  • S. G. Moraldo, W. R. Betz, US Patent No 4 839 33 (1989).
  • E. Fitzer, W. Schaefer, S. Yamada, Carbon, 7, 643 (1989).
  • A. Gierak, R. Leboda, J.Chromatogr., 483, 197 (1989).
  • A. Gierak, R. Leboda, E. Tracz, J. Anal. Appl. Pyrolysis, 13, 89 (1988).
  • A. Gierak, R. Leboda, Inż. Chem. Proc., (Wrocław) 14, 73 (1993).
  • A. W. Adamson, A. P. Gast, Physical Chemistry of Surface, sixth ed. Wiley, New York, 1997.
  • S. J. Gregg, K. S. W. Sing, Adsorption, Surface Area and Porosity, second ed. Academic Press, London, 1982.
  • M. M. Dubinin, Carbon 23 (1985) 373; M. M. Dubinin, in: D. A. Cadenhead (Ed.), Progress in Surface and Membrane Science, vol. 9, Academic Press, New York, 1975.
  • A. Gierak, Mat. Chem. Phys., 41, 28-35 (1995).
  • M. M. Seredych, A. Gierak, Preparation of synthetic carbon adsorbents from polyvinyl chloride (PVC), in press.
  • A. Gierak, M. Seredych, A. Bartnicki, TALANTA 69, 1079-1087 (2006).
  • M. Seredych, B. Charmas, T. Jablonska-Pikus, A. Gierak, Mater. Chem. Phys. 82, 165 (2003).
  • M. Seredych, A. Gierak, Colloid. Surf. A. 245, 61-67 (2004).
  • M. M. Seredych, V. M. Gun'ko, A. Gierak, Applied Surface Science 242, 154-16 (2005).
  • T. Jabłońska-Pikus, W. Charmas, B. Gawdzik, J. Appl. Polym. Sci. 75 142 (2000).
  • M. Seredych, A. Gierak, The investigation on preparation of synthetic carbon adsorbents and adsorption of chosen organic compounds from aqueous solutions, Bulletin EKPiUU, 1/2002, pp. 385-392.
  • H. Oda, M. Kishida, C. H. Yokokawa, Carbon 19, 243 (1981).
  • T. Asakawa, K. Ogino, J. Colloid Interface Sci. 102, 348 (1984).
  • T. Asakawa, K. Ogino, K. Yamabe, Bull. Chem. Soc. Jpn. 58, 2009 (1985).
  • M. Streat, J. W. Patrick, M. J. Camporro Perez, Water Res. 29, 467 (1995).
Document Type
Publication order reference
Identifiers
YADDA identifier
bwmeta1.element.-psjd-doi-10_2478_v10063-008-0007-6
JavaScript is turned off in your web browser. Turn it on to take full advantage of this site, then refresh the page.