Full-text resources of PSJD and other databases are now available in the new Library of Science.
Visit https://bibliotekanauki.pl


Preferences help
enabled [disable] Abstract
Number of results


2013 | 14 | 1 | 48-55

Article title

Analysis and Evaluation of Defensive Team Strategies in Women’s Beach Volleyball – An Efficiency-Based Approach


Title variants

Languages of publication



Purpose. The aim of this study was to analyze and evaluate beach volleyball defensive strategies in terms of how often various tactics were employed, their effectiveness, reliability, and overall efficiency based on a sample of elite female volleyball players. Methods. A sample of 746 defensive actions performed by various teams that competed in the 2008 Summer Olympic Games (Beijing, China), the 2009 World Championships (Stavanger, Norway), and the 2009 and 2010 Swatch FIVB Beach Volleyball World Tour (Stare Jabłonki, Poland; Seoul, South Korea) were analyzed in terms of what defensive systems were employed and their outcomes. Results. Fourteen different defensive systems were used by the teams during defensive play. Out of the fourteen systems, four accounted for almost 75% of all defensive action. The most commonly used defense strategies were selected for more detailed analysis in terms of their activity, effectiveness, and reliability. Conclusions. One defensive system in particular was found to be the most prominent in terms of being the most commonly used as well as efficient among all of the observed systems; high-level teams should place additional focus on mastering this system. Nevertheless, effective team strategy should also include less commonly used systems as a way to take an opponent by surprise by the use of non-standard strategy.










Physical description


1 - 03 - 2013
24 - 04 - 2013


  • University School of Physical Education, Katedra Komunikacji i Zarządzania w Sporcie, Akademia Wychowania Fizycznego, al. I.J. Paderewskiego 35, 51-612, Wrocław, Poland
  • University School of Physical Education, Wrocław, Poland
  • University School of Physical Education, Wrocław, Poland


  • 1. Rossini F. ed., Media guide, Part 1., 2008, Available from http://www.fivb.org/EN/BeachVolleyball/Competitions/Olympics/2008/M/ [accessed 12.04.2010].
  • 2. Perez-Turpin J.A., Cortell-Tormo J.M., Suarez-Llorca C., Chinchilla-Mira J.J., Cejuela-Anta R., Gross movement patterns in elite female beach volleyball. Kinesiology, 2009, 41, 212-219.
  • 3. Koch C., Tilp M., Beach volleyball techniques and tactics: A comparison of male and female playing characteristics. Kinesiology, 2009, 41, 52-59.
  • 4. Koch C., Tilp M., Analysis of beach volleyball action sequences of female top athletes. J Hum Sport Exerc, 2009, 3(4), 272-283, doi: 10.4100/jhse.2009.43.09.[Crossref]
  • 5. Kasza W., Zdebska H., Volleyball - defense in tactical scope. Handbook for instructors and coaches (CD include) [in Polish]. COS, Warszawa 2007.
  • 6. Jager J., Schollhorn W., Situation-orientated recognition of tactical patterns in volleyball. J Sports Sci, 2007, 25 (12), 1345-1353, doi: 10.1080/02640410701287230.[Crossref]
  • 7. Felczak K., Block - defense system analysis [in Polish]. 2009. Available from http://www.akademiasiatkowki.com.pl [accessed 18.04.2010].
  • 8. Seweryniak T., Mroczek D., Efficiency evaluation of selected game action in women’s beach volleyball on different sports level [in Polish]. In: Chmura J., Superlak E. (eds.), Dispositions and the efficiency of inter-individual actions during the game [in Polish]. WTN, Wrocław 2006, 7, 181-192.
  • 9. Barcelos J.L., Morales A.P., Maciel R.N., Azevedo M.M.A., Silva V.F., Time of practice: a comparative study of the motor reaction time among volleyball players. Fit Perf J, 2009, 8 (2), 103-109, doi:10.3900/fpj.8.2.103.e.[Crossref]
  • 10. Maciel R.N., Morales A.P., Barcelos J.L., Nunes W.J., Azevedo M.M.A., Silva V.F. Relation between reaction time and specific function in volleyball players. Fit Perf J, 2009, 8 (6), 395-399. doi: 10.3900/fpj.8.6.395.p.[Crossref]
  • 11. Seweryniak T., Beach volleyball. The players actions and competition [in Polish]. Zakład Elektroniczny Tatarek, Wrocław 2008.
  • 12. Joao P.V., Leite N., Mesquita I., Sampaio J., Sex differences in discriminative power of volleyball game-related statistics. Perceptual Motor Skills, 2010, 111, 893-900, doi: 10.2466/05.11.25.PMS.111.6.[Crossref]
  • 13. Rankings. Available from http: //www.fivb.org/EN/Beach Volleyball, [accessed 18.04.2010].
  • 14. Homberg S., Papageorgiou A., Handbook for Beach Volleyball. Meyer&Meyer, Aachen 1995.
  • 15. Kiraly K., Shewman B., Beach volleyball. Human Kinetics, Champaign 1999.
  • 16. Klimek G., Block and defense cooperation in beach volleyball [in Polish], 2010. Available from http://www.smsbeachvolley.pl, [accessed 18.04.2010].
  • 17. Panfil R., Sports games praxeology [in Polish]. Studiai Monografie Akademii Wychowania Fizycznego we Wrocławiu, 2006, 82.
  • 18. Superlak E., Wołyniec J., Players effectiveness assessment in changing situations in game of volleyball [in Polish]. Człowiek i Ruch 2001, 1 (3), 115-122.
  • 19. Szwarc A., Efficiency models of soccer player’s actions with cooperation with other team players at the FIFA World Cup. Hum Mov, 2008, 9 (1), 56-61.
  • 20. Alvarez A., Ortega E., Gomez M.A., Salado J., Study of the defensive performance indicators in peak performance basketball. Revista de Psicología del Deporte, 2009, 18, 379-384.

Document Type

Publication order reference


YADDA identifier

JavaScript is turned off in your web browser. Turn it on to take full advantage of this site, then refresh the page.