Evaluating the Coordination of Motor Abilities in Greco-Roman Wrestlers by Computer Testing
Languages of publication
Purpose. The aim of this study was to evaluate, by using a number of selected criteria, the accuracy of Vienna Test System (VST) computer tests used in wrestling to evaluate motor skill development. Methods. Fifteen 16-17-year-old students from the SMS Sports School in Radom, Poland, who had been practising Greco-Roman wrestling for a period of 3 to 6 years took part in a VTS-based examination that measured coordination of motor abilities (CMA). Test reliability and validity were evaluated on the basis of thirty test scores characterising six abilities that define motor coordination. Reliability was defined by performing the tests twice (test/retest) over a period of three-to-five days. The validity of the selected scores was established with the help of three different criteria. Results. Thirteen out of the thirty CMA scores under investigation demonstrated sufficient coefficients of reliability. The CMA tests assessing quick reaction time, frequency of movements, partial spatial orientation, movement adaptability and movement coupling fulfilled the assumed criterion. In most cases, the coefficients of validity were not lower than 0.3. The highest validity level was demonstrated by scores measuring movement coupling, complex reaction time, spatial orientation and movement adaptability, while the lowest one was found in simple reactions and frequency of movements. Conclusions. The obtained reliability and validity coefficients of the scores based on complex reaction, partial spatial orientation, movement adaptability and movement coupling confirm the usefulness of these specific tests in diagnosing CMA in wrestlers, as they meet the demands of sports metrology.
1 - 11 - 2012
26 - 01 - 2013
- Józef Piłsudski University of Physical Education, Warszawa, Faculty of Physical Education, Zakład Teorii Sportu Wydział Wychowania Fizycznego i Sportu ul. Akademicka 2 21-500 Biała Podlaska, Poland, email@example.com
- Józef Piłsudski University of Physical Education, Warszawa, Faculty of Physical Education, Biała Podlaska, Poland
- University School of Physical Education, Kraków, Poland
- 1. Hirtz P. (ed.), Coordination abilities in sport school [in German]. Volk und Wissen. Volks-seigener, Berlin 1985.
- 2. Kühn J., Research on improving the technical coordination of young wrestlers fight [in German]. Theorie undPraxis der Körperkultur, 1985, 11, 848-854.
- 3. Gierczuk D., Level of selected indicators of coordination motor abilities in Greco-Roman and freestyle wrestlers aged 13-14. Polish Journal of Sport and Tourism, 2008, 15 (4), 192-199.
- 4. Starosta W., Tracewski J., Objective method of assessing the level of motor abilities in advanced wrestlers [in Polish]. Trening, 2000, 1, 126-136.
- 5. Sadowski J., Gierczuk D., Correlations between selected coordination motor abilities and technical skills of Greco- Roman wrestlers aged 14-15. Archives of Budo, 2009, 5, 35-39.
- 6. Gierczuk D., Reliability and rightness of specific motor tests designed for evaluation of wrestler’s coordination preparation level. In: Sadowski J. (ed.), Coordination motor abilities in scientific research. University School of Physical Education, Warsaw, Faculty of Physical Education, Biała Podlaska 2005, 218-224.
- 7. Raczek J., Mynarski W., Ljach W., Developing and diagnosing of coordination motor abilities [in Polish]. AWF, Katowice 2002.
- 8. Juras G., Waśkiewicz Z., Time, space and dynamic aspects of coordinational motor abilities [in Polish]. AWF, Katowice 1998.
- 9. Waśkiewicz Z., Juras G., Zając A., Raczek J., The computer supplemented diagnosis of movement rhythm. J HumKinet, 1999, 2, 67-78.
- 10. Schuhfried G., Sport Psychology. Sport test battery for diagnostics and training. Mödling 2001.
- 11. Klocek T., Spieszny M., Szczepanik M., Computer tests of coordination abilities [in Polish]. COS, Warszawa 2002.
- 12. Raczek J., Juras G., Waśkiewicz Z., The diagnosis of motor coordination. J Hum Kinet, 2001, 6, 113-125.
- 13. Whiteside A., A synopsis of the Vienna Test System: A computer aided psychological diagnosis. JOPED, 2002, 5 (1), 41-50.
- 14. Whiteside A., Parker G., Snodgrass R., A review of selected tests from the Vienna Test System. Selection and DevelopmentReview, 2003, 19 (4), 7-11.
- 15. Parker G., Oliver N., Evaluation of tests from the Vienna Test System for Work Psychologist Use within Jobcentre Plus. JOPED, 2006, 8 (1), 169-176.
- 16. Schuhfried G., Catalogue Vienna Test System. Vienna 2007.
- 17. Kirkendall D., Gruber J., Johnson R., Measurement and Evaluation for Physical Educators. Human Kinetics, Champaign 1987.
- 18. Lienert G., Construction and analysis of tests [in German]. J. Beltz, Berlin 1969.
- 19. Meining D., Assessment of the reliability of sports-motor tests [in German]. Theorie und Praxis der Körperkultur, 1975, 1, 51-56.
- 20. Godik M., Sport metrology [in Russian]. Fizkultura i Sport, Moscow 1988.
- 21. Mehlich R., Iskra J., Góralczyk R., Waśkiewicz Z., Specific and non-specific timing abilities of elite Polish hurdlers. J Hum Kinet, 2002, 8, 93-97.
- 22. Ljach W., Sadowski J., Witkowski Z., Problems of coordination fitness control in sports (as exemplified by sports games and combat sports). In: Sadowski J. (ed.), Coordination motor abilities in scientific research. University School of Physical Education, Warsaw, Faculty of Physical Education, Biała Podlaska 2005, 70-82.
Publication order reference