Aiming point trajectory as an assessment parameter of shooting performance
Languages of publication
Purpose. The purpose of this study was to elaborate on the scientific methodology for providing an assessment of air-pistol shooters’ aiming stability by (i) substantiating the parameters of aiming stability, (ii) specifying the quantitative evaluation methods in using an optoelectronic target, (iii) evaluating the reliability of tests determining aiming stability, and (iv) developing a methodology for creating individual and group parameters of aiming stability. Methods. The aiming trajectories of 95 airpistol shooters, each of whom fired 60 shots using a SCATT optoelectronic simulator, were calculated to develop individual and group aiming stability parameters. Research methods included an optoelectronic registration of movement, research on top air-pistol shooters’ sports results, mathematical modelling, variation statistics, cluster analysis, two-way ANOVA with data correlation and reliability theory tests. Results. It was found that an average aiming point trajectory on the SCATT optoelectronic target measured one second before a shot could be accepted as an assessment parameter of aiming stability, as it is one of the basic parameters of technical preparation and its position is not influenced by the ballistic characteristics of the pistol and pellets (ŋ = 0.944). Conclusions. The parameters of aiming stability in air-pistol shooting were developed using a modification of the clustering method. This allows for the identification of weak points in the structure and organization of shooters’ training and for adjustment of the training process.
1 - 10 - 2012
01 - 11 - 2012
- PR KWFiZ ul. Malczewskiego 22 26-600 Radom, Poland
- Lviv State University of Physical Culture, Department of Kinesiology, Lviv, Ukraine
- Lviv State University of Physical Culture, Department of Shooting Sports, Lviv, Ukraine
- 1. Pyatkov-Melnik V.T., Shooting Sport Science in Ukraine 2001-2005 [in Ukrainian]. Sportyvna Nauka Ukrainy, 2006, 6, 10-30.
- 2. SCATT, Professional training systems. ZAO NPP SCATT. Available online from: URL: http://www.scatt.com [accessed 6 May 2011].
- 3. RIKA, RIKA Home Trainer. Available online from: URL: http://www.rika1.com/default.asp?Language=E [accessed 6 May 2011].
- 4. NOPTEL, Sport Shooter Training System from Noptel. Available online from: URL: http://www.noptel.fi/eng/ sport [accessed 6 May 2011].
- 5. Zanevskyy I., Korostylova Y., Mykhaylov V., Specificity of shooting training with the optoelectronic target. Acta of Bioengineering and Biomechanics, 2009, 11 (4), 63-70.
- 6. Verhoshansky Yu.V., Theory and methodology of sports training: block system of training of elite shooters [in Russian]. Teoria i Practika Fizicheskoy Cultury, 2005, 4, 2-13.
- 7. Kashuba V.A., Habinets T.O., How to increase the effectiveness of shooters training using the cumulative effect of biomechanics ergogenic methods. In: Vynohradsky B.A. (ed.), Striletska pidgotovka v Olympiyskyh dyscyplinach [in Ukrainian]. Ukrainian Technologies, Lviv 2004, 10-14.
- 8. B all K.A., Best R.J., Wrigley T.V., Body sway, aim point fluctuation and performance in rifle shooters: interand intra-individual analysis. J Sports Sci, 2003, 21 (7), 559-566, doi: 10.1080/0264041031000101881.[Crossref]
- 9. Edelmann-Nusser J., Heller M., Hofmann M., Ganter N., On-target trajectories and the final pull in archery. Eur J Sport Sci, 2006, 6 (4), 213-222, doi: 10.1080/17461 390601012579.[Crossref]
- 10. Mononen K., Viitasalo J.T., Era P., Konttinen N., Optoelectronic measures in the analysis of running target shooting. Scand J Med Sci Sports, 2003, 13 (3), 200-207, doi: 10.1034/j.1600-0838.2003.00130.x.[PubMed][Crossref]
- 11. Zanevskyy I., Korostylova Y., The aiming technique model of a young air-pistol shooter [in Ukrainian]. FizychneVyhovannya, Sport i Kultura Zdorovya u SuchasnomuSuspilstvi, 2009, 3, 97-102.
- 12. Ukrainian Shooting Federation, On-Line Shooting Contest of the Ukrainian Shooting Federation. Available online from: URL: http://www.shooting-ua.com/control_ On-Line.htm [accessed 6 May 2011].
- 13. International Shooting Sport Federation, Official Statutes Rules and Regulations. International Shooting Sport Federation, Munich 2009.
- 14. Korostylova Y., Zanevskyy I., Accuracy of shooting results imitation with an optoelectronic training system. Book of Abstracts of the 14th Annual Congress of the European College of Sport Science in Olso, Norway from 24-27 June 2009, p. 603. Edited by Loland, S., Bo, K., Fasting, K., Hallen, J., Ommundsen, Y., Roberts, G., Tsolakidis, E.
- 15. Vincent W.J., Statistics in Kinesiology. Human Kinetics, Champaign 2005.
- 16. Hastie T., Tibshirani R., Friedman J., The Elements of Statistical Learning. Springer, Heidelberg 2003.
- 17. Morrow J., Jackson A., Disch J., Mood D., Measurement and Evaluation in Human Performance. Human Kinetics, Champaign 2002.
- 18. Zatsiorsky V.M., Sport metrology [in Russian]. Fizicheskaja Kultura i Sport, Moscow 1982.
- 19. Great Soviet Encyclopedia. 3rd ed. (trans). Macmillan, New York 1973-1983.
Publication order reference