A Comparative Analysis of the Anthropometric Method and Bioelectrical Impedance Analysis on Changes in Body Composition of Female Volleyball Players During the 2010/2011 Season
Languages of publication
Purpose. The aim of this study was to observe the changes in body composition by using two measurement methods - anthropometric analysis and bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA) - on a group female volleyball players and to compare the results of both methods. Methods. Eleven female volleyball players participated in this study during the 2010/2011 season. Measurements of body composition were performed with an electronic body composition analyzer (BIA method) adjusted for STANDARD physical activity levels and then using the anthropometric method as per Piechaczek's formula. Total lean body mass (LBM), total body fat content (FAT) and body water content were measured. Measurements were taken before preseason training (Measurement 0), one week before the end of preseason training (Measurement 1), after the first (Measurement 2) and the second (Measurement 3) half of the competitive season and four weeks after the seasons' playoffs during the offseason (Measurement 4). Additionally, during Measurement 4, body composition measured by the BIA method was adjusted for ATHLETIC physical activity levels. Results. Body mass, lean body mass and body water content did not change throughout the analyzed period. Body fat mass, as determined by BIASTANDARD, increased from 20.7 ± 5.3 kg (Measurement 0) to 22.2 ± 5.0 kg (Measurement 1) but subsequently decreased to 21.2 ± 5.7 kg (Measurement 2) and remained at this level until the end of the competitive season. In the case of body fat as measured by the anthropometric method, a significant increase in fat was observed from 18.4 ± 3.0 kg to 19.3 ± 3.4 kg and then from 19.5 ± 3.5 kg to 19.8 ± 3.6 kg. Analysis of LBM and FAT values found significant differences between the values obtained using the BIA method at the ATHLETIC physical activity level and the results registered at the STANDARD level and those recorded by use of the anthropometric method. Conclusions. The results obtained using the BIA method set at the STANDARD mode of physical activity and those by the anthropometric method did not significantly differ. Significant correlation between the values obtained by the BIA method and anthropometric method was found.
1 - 6 - 2012
28 - 6 - 2012
- Franchini E., Del Vecchio F. B., Matsushigue K. A., Artioli G. G., Physiological profiles of elite judo athletes. Sports Med, 2011, 41 (2), 147-166, doi: 10.2165/11538580-000000000-00000.[Crossref]
- Forjasz J., Somatic build of rowers in the period from 1995 to 2005. Hum Mov, 2011, 12 (1), 46-56, doi: 10.2478/v10038-011-0004-z.[Crossref]
- Malousaris G. G., Bergeles N. K., Barzouka K. G., Bayios I. A., Nassis G. P., Koskolou M. D., Somatotype, size and body composition of competitive female volleyball players. J Sci Med Sport, 2008, 11 (3), 337-344, doi: 10.1016/j.jsams.2006.11.008.[Crossref][PubMed]
- Siahkouhian M., Hedayatneja M., Correlations of anthropometric and body composition variables with the performance of young elite weightlifters. J Hum Kinet, 2010, 25, 125-131, doi: 10.2478/v10078-010-0040-3.[Crossref]
- Reilly T., Fitness assessment. In: Reilly T. (ed.), Science and Soccer. E & FN Spon, London 1996, 25-49.
- Barr S., McCargan L., Crawford S., Practical use of body composition analysis in sport. Sports Med, 1994, 17 (5), 277-282.[PubMed][Crossref]
- Wit B., Buśko K., Mróz A., Kłossowski M., The using of bioelectric impedance (BIA) and near infrared spectro-photometric (FUTREX) determinations of body composition in males of variable physical activity - a comparative analysis. Biol Sport, 2001, 18 (4), 321-334.
- Houtkooper L. B., Going S. B., Body composition: how should it be measured? Does it affect sport performance? Sports Science Exchange, 1994, 7 (5), 112-118.
- Oppliger R. A., Nielsen D. H., Shetler A. C., Crowley E. T., Albright J. P., Body composition of collegiate football players: bioelectrical impedance and skifolds compared to hydrostatic weighing. J Orthop Sports Phys Ther, 1992, 15 (4), 187-192.[Crossref]
- Wit B., Piechaczek H., Błachnio D., Buśko K., Comparative assessment of selected body components from bioelectrical impedance or skinfold measurements. Biol Sport, 1998, 15 (4), 205-210.
- Eckerson J. M., Evetovich T. K., Stout J. R., Housh T. J., Johnson G. O., Housh D. J. et al., Validity of bioelectrical impedance equations for estimating fat-free weight in high school female gymnasts. Med Sci Sports Exerc, 1997, 29 (7), 962-968.[PubMed][Crossref]
- Szczepańska B., Malczewska J., Gajewski J., Tissue components of athletes representing different sports: comparison of measurements taken by caliper and Bioelectric Impedance Analyzer BIA-101/S [in Polish]. Polish Journal of Human Nutrition and Metabolism, 2001, 1 (suppl. 28), 176-181.
- Norton K., Whittingham N., Carter L., Kerr D., Gore C., Marfell-Jones M., Measurement techniques in anthropometry. In: Norton K., Olds T. (eds.), Anthropometrica. University of New South Wales, Sydney 1996, 25-75.
- Piechaczek H., Estimation of total body fat by densito-metric methods. Studies in Physical Anthropology, 1976, 2, 33-45.
- Chin M. K., Kiew O. F., Girandola R. N., A comparison of body fat measurement by bodpod, skinfolds, and three bioelectrical impedance analysis techniques in Chinese college student. Int J Phys Educ, 2006, 43 (2), 77-85.
- Kutáč P., Gajda V., Evaluation of accuracy of the body composition measurements by the BIA method. Hum Mov, 2011, 12 (1), 41-45, doi: 10.2478/v10038-010-0027-x.[Crossref]
- Viviani F., Baldin F., The somatotype of "amateur" Italian female volleyball players. J Sports Med Phys Fitness, 1993, 33 (4), 400-404.
- Siri W. E., The gross composition of the body. In: Lawrence J., Tobias C. (eds.), Advanced in biological and medical physics. Academic Press, London 1956, 239-280.
- Gualdi-R usso E., Zaccagni I., Somatotype, role and performance in elite volleyball players. J Sports Med Phys Fitness, 2001, 41 (2), 256-262.
- Jürimäe T., Jüriso R., Comparison of different methods used for measurement of body composition in university students. Biol Sport, 1995, 12 (1), 57-64.
- De Lorenzo A., Bertini I., Iacopino L., Pagliato E., Testolin C., Testolin G., Body composition measurement in highly trained male athletes. A comparison of three methods. J Sport Med Phys Fitness, 2000, 40 (2), 178-183.
- Swan P. D., McConnel K. E., Anthropometry and bioelectrical impedance inconsistently predicts fatness in women with regional adiposity. Med Sci Sports Exerc, 1999, 31 (7), 1068-1075.[PubMed][Crossref]
Publication order reference