Full-text resources of PSJD and other databases are now available in the new Library of Science.
Visit https://bibliotekanauki.pl


Preferences help
enabled [disable] Abstract
Number of results


2011 | 12 | 4 | 347-377

Article title

Basketball Players' Perception of Their Coaches


Title variants

Languages of publication



Purpose. The aim of this study was to analyse Spanish women basketball players' perception of their coaches in order to discover whether this perception is different from those in other sports and which character traits are the most appreciated in the sport of basketball. Methods. We administered a questionnaire survey in December 2010 to a total of 65 Spanish national division basketball players, where they were asked to evaluate their coaches with a set of 10 adjectives, rating them on a Likert seven-point scale with 1 being the least favourable and 7 the most favourable. Results. The results find that the players have a generally positive opinion of their coaches' personal qualities, although there were some small differences in the evaluation of what might be called "professional" qualities, which were not as high. Traits such as honesty (6.01), friendliness (5.97) or self-confidence (5.43) had higher values than imagination (4.3), dynamism (4.9), intelligence (5.1) and other attributes which could relate more to technical aspects or methods of training. With regard to the totality of the scale, the mean was found to be 5.22, with the maximum value being 6.01 for honesty and the lowest for imagination at 4.3. None of the analysed adjectives received a negative rating by the players. Conclusions. This study finds that women basketball players have an overall good perception of their coaches, as based on the analysed sample. These results are very similar to previous findings in other sports. In addition, they rate "personal" features with a higher score than traits that could be considered "professional" and, therefore, be an opinion of job performance.











Physical description


1 - 12 - 2011
25 - 12 - 2011


  • Autónoma University, Madrid, Spain
  • Alcalá University, Alcalá de Henares, Spain


  • Smith R., Smoll F., Curtis B., Coaching behaviours in Little League Baseball. In: Smoll F. L., Smith R. E. (eds.), Psychological perspectives in youth sports. Hemisphere, Washington 1978.
  • Smith R., Smoll F., Curtis B., Coach effectiveness training: A cognitive behavioural approach to enhancing relationship skills in youth sport coaches. J Sport Psychol, 1979, 1, 59-75.
  • Rushal B., Psyching in sport. Pelham Books, London 1979.
  • Saborowski C., Alfermann D., Würth S., The coach - an important social agent in the athlete's social environment during a sports career. In: Hosek V., Tilinger P., Bilek L. (eds.), Proceedings of the 10th European Congress of Sport Psychology. Psychology of sport and exercise: enhancing the quality of life. Charles University in Prague, Faculty of Physical Education and Sports, Prague 1999, 135-137.
  • Davies D., Psychological factors in competitive sport. Falmer Press, London 1989.
  • Cordente C., García P., Sillero M., Have parents responsibility in their adolescent children present and future health? [in Spanish]. Revista Internacional de Derecho y gestión del deporte, 2008, 1, 36-48.
  • Curtner-Smith M., Wallace S., Wang M., Relationship of coach and player behaviours during practice to team performance in high school girls' basketball. J Sport Behav, 1999, 22, 203-220.
  • Riemer A., Chelladurai P., Leadership and satisfaction in athletics. J Sport Exerc Psychol, 1995, 17 (3), 276-293.
  • Sáez G., Values to be developed through basketball for kids [in Spanish]. Revista Internacional de Derecho y gestión del deporte, 2008, 2, 32-46.
  • Isberg L., What does it means to be an elite coach in team sport? In: Serpa S., Alves J., Ferreira V., Brito A. P. (eds.), Proceedings of the VIII World Congress of Sport Psychology: an integrated approach. ISSP-SPPD, Lisbon 1993, 233-236.
  • Shigunov V., Pereira V., Manzotti O., Coach behaviour perception by their athletes [in Portuguese]. In: Serpa S., Alves J., Ferreira V., Brito A. P. (eds.), Proceedings of the VIII World Congress of Sport Psychology: an integrated approach. ISSP-SPPD, Lisbon 1993, 890-893.
  • Orlick T., What do parents wants for the kids, Coach? Coaching Review, 1975, May-June, 19-21.
  • Cunha A., Gaspar A., Costa C., Carvalho F., Fonseca S., The good trainer. Representations of the characteristics of trainers according to their athletes - football [in Portuguese]. Horizonte, 2000, 16 (91), 27-33.
  • De Marco G., Mancini V., West D., Reflections on change: a qualitative and quantitative analysis of a baseball coach's behaviour. J Sport Behav, 1997, 20 (2), 135-162.
  • Rosado A., Palma N., Mesquita I., Moreno M. P., Football players' perceptions of their coaches on different levels [in Spanish]. Rev Psicol Deporte, 2007, 2 (16), 151-165.
  • Rolla M., Coach-trainer relation. Relation between coach and player in basketball [in Portuguese]. Master Thesis, UTL- FMH, Lisbon 1998, not published.
  • Monroy Antón A. J., Professional sportsman: the RD 1006/1985 reform need [in Spanish]. Revista de Información Laboral, 2005, 3, 1-18.
  • Medford P., Thorpe J., An inventory for measuring player-coach interaction. Percept Motor Skills, 1986, 63, 267-270.
  • Leitâo J., Serpa S., Bártolo R., Leadership in sport. A coach-player relation in a national football team [in Portuguese]. Psicologia, 1995, 10 (1), 15-29.
  • Serpa S., Personal relationship between coach and athlete [in Portuguese]. Doctoral Thesis, UTL-FMH, Lisbon, Portugal 1995, not published.
  • Seller R., Kevesligeti C., Valley E., Coaches and female athletes: the basis of interaction. Motricidade Humana-Portuguese Journal of Human Performance Studies, 1999, 12 (1), 67-76.
  • Botterill C., Retirement and detraining foreword: what endings tell us about beginnings. In: Orlick T., Partington J. T., Salmela J. H. (eds.), Mental training coaches and athletes. Coaching Association of Canada, Ottawa 1983, 164-166.
  • Raposo V., Sport practice abandon and success in active life adaptation in elite Portuguese swimmers [in Portuguese]. Master Thesis, UTL-FMH, Lisbon 1998, not published.
  • Salminen S., Liukkonen J., Coach-athlete relationship and coaching behaviour in training sessions. Int J Sport Psychol, 1996, 27 (1), 59-67.

Document Type

Publication order reference


YADDA identifier

JavaScript is turned off in your web browser. Turn it on to take full advantage of this site, then refresh the page.