Full-text resources of PSJD and other databases are now available in the new Library of Science.
Visit https://bibliotekanauki.pl


Preferences help
enabled [disable] Abstract
Number of results


2010 | 11 | 2 | 179-183

Article title

The Effects of Dynamic Surya Namaskar on Differential Chest Circumference of Physical Education Students


Title variants

Languages of publication



Purpose. The objective of the study was to determine the effects of dynamic Surya Namaskar (sun salutations) on the differential chest circumference of selected physical education students at Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi. Basic procedures. The subjects for this study were selected from the Department of Physical Education at Banaras Hindu University. A total of 20 male subjects were selected and used as one practicing group. Dynamic Surya Namaskar was considered the independent variable and differential chest circumference was considered the dependent variable. The test was for differential chest circumference. The Repeated Measures Design was used for this study. Only one group of 20 participants was created. Tests were administered at regular intervals of two weeks. The tests started four weeks prior to the dynamic Surya Namaskar (DSN) treatment and took place every two weeks, three times. Thereafter, tests took place every two weeks during the treatment and after the completion of the treatment, they were continued for the following four-week period. Main findings. To determine the effect of dynamic Surya Namaskar on physiological and anthropometric variables of selected physical education students at Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi, one way ANOVA was used at .05 level of significance. Conclusions. In relation to differential chest circumference, a significant (p < 0.05) effect of dynamic Surya Namaskar was found.










Physical description


1 - 12 - 2010
21 - 12 - 2010


  • Department of Physical Education, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi, India
  • Department of Physical Education, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi, India
  • Department of Physical Education, University School of Physical Education, Wrocław, Poland


  • Ray U. S., Sinha B., Tomer O. S., Pathak A., Dasgupta T., Selvamurthy W., Aerobic capacity & perceived exertion after practice of Hatha yogic exercises. Indian J Med Res, 2001, 114, 215-221.
  • Sinha B., Ray U. S., Pathak A., Selvamurthy W., Energy cost and cardiorespiratory changes during the practice of Surya Namaskar. Indian J Physiol Pharmacol, 2004, 48 (2), 184-190.[PubMed]
  • Satyananda S., Surya Namaskara - A Technique of Solar Visualization. Munger Yoga Publication Trust, Munger 2006, 97.
  • Gore M. M., Physiology of Yoga Practice. Yoga Mimamsa, Mudranalaya, Lonavla 1980, 200.
  • Jois P., Sri K., Surya Namaskara. Ashtanga Yoga, New York 2005, 60.
  • Gharote M. L., Ganguly S. K., Teaching Methods for Yogic Practices. Yoga Mimamsa Mudranalaya, Lonavla 2006, 120.
  • Gharote M. L., Guidelines for Yogic Practices. Lonavla Yoga Institute, Lonavla 1982, 106.
  • Patel S., Surya Namaskar - Teach yourself the Sun Salute. Srishti Publishers, New Delhi 2004, 83.
  • Bhattacharya P. B., Surya Namaskara. Sri Aurobindo Ashram Trust, Pondicherry, 2007, 9.
  • Stiles M., Ayurvedic Yoga Therapy. Lotus Press, Twin Lakes 2007, 253.
  • Mujumdar D. Ch., Encyclopedia of Indian physical culture. Good Companions, New Delhi 1950.
  • Pant A., Pratinidhi B., The Raja of Aundh. Surya Namaskara - an Ancient Indian Exercise. Orient Longman, Hyderabad 1989.
  • Michelis de E., A History of Modern Yoga. Continuum, London 2005, 250.
  • Bijlani R. L. (ed.), Understanding medical physiology, with a special chapter on yoga physiology. Jaypee Bros, New Delhi 1995, 950.
  • Gharote M. L., Devnath P., Jha V. K., Hathatatvakaumudi - a Treatise on Hatha-yoga by Sundaradeva. Lonavla Yoga Institute, Lonavla 2006, 800.
  • Douillard J., Body, Mind and Sport. Crown Trade Paperbacks, New York 198.
  • Kansal D. K., Test and Measurement in Sports and Physical Education. D. V. S., New Delhi 1996, 374.
  • Bhattacharya S., Pandey U. S., Verma N. S., Improvement in oxidative status with yogic breathing in young healthy males. Indian J Physiol Pharmacol, 2002, 46, 349-354.
  • Vaze S., Porwal N. K., Damodaran A., Yoga for women: Effect on weight, waist, hips and chest flexibility. In: Nagendra H. R., Ragarathna R., Telles S. (eds.), Yoga Research & Applications. Proceedings of the 5th International Conference on Frontiers in Yoga Research and Applications. Vivekananda Kendra Yoga Research Foundation, Bangalore 2000, 279-284.
  • Christensen A., Yoga for Sports. Contemporary Books, Chicago 2000, 250.
  • Ornish D., Dr. Dean Ornish's Programme for Reversing Heart Disease. Ivy Books, USA 1996, 631.
  • Cowen V., Adams T., Heart rate in yoga asana practice: A comparison of styles, Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies, 2007, 11 (1), 91-95.
  • Sanjay U., Basics, Benefits and Method of Surya Namaskar, Scientific Research Department, Kaivalyadhama, Lonavla 2008.

Document Type

Publication order reference


YADDA identifier

JavaScript is turned off in your web browser. Turn it on to take full advantage of this site, then refresh the page.