Full-text resources of PSJD and other databases are now available in the new Library of Science.
Visit https://bibliotekanauki.pl


Preferences help
enabled [disable] Abstract
Number of results


2010 | 11 | 1 | 45-50

Article title

Body Fat Deposition and Risk Factors of Cardiovascular Diseases in Men


Title variants

Languages of publication



Purpose. To determine whether risk factors for cardiovascular diseases (anthropometry, blood pressure, blood lipid profile) differ between men classified into the three relative body fat %BF categories (%BF ≤ 19: healthy; %BF>19 and %BF<30: overweight, and %BF ≥ 30: obesity).Basic procedures. A total of 112 volunteers from Brasília, Brazil, were submitted to the measurement of body weight, height and waist, abdominal and hip circumference. The body mass index (BMI) and waist-to-hip ratio (WHR) were calculated. %BF and body fat topography (arm, leg and trunk %BF) were estimated by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA). Blood pressure was measured by auscultation and blood variables were determined by an enzymatic method. Univariate analysis of variance, one-way analysis of variance and the Scheffé post hoc test were used for statistical analysis (p<0.05).Main findings. The three %BF groups differed significantly in terms of body weight and body circumference measures, with higher mean values being observed the higher the %BF. Fasting glycemia and high-density lipoprotein did not differ between groups, indicating the interference of other factors. BMI, WHR, blood pressure, total cholesterol, low-density lipoprotein, triglycerides, atherogenic index and atherogenic cholesterol were statistically similar in the overweight and obese groups and differed significantly from the healthy group.Conclusions. Abdominal, waist, hip circumference and body fat topography (arm, leg and trunk %BF) differ between the three %BF groups. None of the blood variables differed significantly between the overweight and obese groups. The cutoff %BF>19 (measured by DXA) seems to be a good parameter to indicate cardiovascular risk factors in men.











Physical description


1 - 6 - 2010
30 - 7 - 2010


  • Post-Graduate Physical Education Program, Catholic University of Brasília, Brasília, DF, Brazil
  • Post-Graduate Physical Education Program, Catholic University of Brasília, Brasília, DF, Brazil
  • Faculty of Physical Education and Physiotherapy, Opole University of Technology, Opole, Poland


  • World Health Organization. Obesity and overweight. Global strategy on diet, physical activity and health, 2003. Available from: URL:
  • Brazilian Ministry of Health. Vigitel Brazil 2006: Surveillance of risk factors and protection for chronic diseases for phone inquiry [in Portuguese], 2007. Available from: URL:
  • Eckel, R. H., York, D. A., Rössner, S., Hubbard, V., Caterson, I., Jeor, S. T. S. et al., Prevention Conference VII: Obesity, a worldwide epidemic related to heart disease and stroke: Executive summary. Circulation, 2004, 110 (18), 2968-2975. DOI: 10.1161/01.CIR.0000140086.88453.9A.[Crossref][PubMed]
  • Lima, W. A., Glaner, M. F., Body fat topography as a predictor of an increase in blood lipids. RBM Rev Bras Med, 2009, 66 (1), 3-9.
  • Caterson, I. A., Hubbard, V., Bray, G. A., Grunstein, R., Hansen, B. C., Hong, Y. et al., Prevention Conference VII: Obesity, a worldwide epidemic related to heart disease and stroke: Group III: Worldwide comorbidities of obesity. Circulation, 2004, 110 (18), e476-e483. DOI: 10.1161/01.CIR.0000140114.83145.59.[Crossref]
  • Shen, W., Punyanitya, M., Chen, J., Gallagher, D., Albu, J., Pi-Sunyer, X. et al., Waist circumference correlates with metabolic syndrome indicators better than percentage fat. Obesity, 2006, 14 (4), 727-736. DOI: 10.1038/oby.2006.83.[Crossref]
  • Rahmouni, K., Correia, M. L. G., Haynes, W. G., Mark, A. L. Obesity-associated hypertension: new insights into mechanisms. Hypertension, 2005, 45 (1), 9-14. DOI: 10.1161/01.HYP.000015 1325.83008.b4.[PubMed][Crossref]
  • Hu, D., Hannah, J., Gray, R. S., Jablonski, K. A., Henderson, J. A., Robbins, D. C. et al., Effects of obesity and body fat distribution on lipids and lipoproteins in nondiabetic American Indians: the strong heart study. Obes Res, 2000, 8 (6), 411-421. DOI: 10.1038/oby.2000.51.[Crossref][PubMed]
  • Chang, C. J., Wu, C. H., Lu, F. H., Wu, J. S., Chiu, N. T., Yao, W. J., Discriminating glucose tolerance status by regions of interest of dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry. Clinical implications of body fat distribution. Diabetes Care, 1999, 22 (12), 1938-1943. DOI: 10.2337/diacare.22.12.1938.[Crossref][PubMed]
  • Thomas, G. N., Ho S-Y, Lam, K. S. L., Janus, E. D., Hedley, A. J., Lam, T. H. et al., Impact of obesity and body fat distribution on cardiovascular risk factors in Hong Kong Chinese. Obes Res, 2004, 12 (11), 1805-1813. DOI: 10.1038/oby.2004.224.[Crossref]
  • World Health Organization. Obesity: preventing and managing the global epidemic (WHO technical report series v. 849). WHO, Geneva 2000.
  • Hu, G., Tuomilehto, J., Silventoinen, K., Barengo, N., Jousilahti, P., Joint effects of physical activity, body mass index, waist circumference and waist-to-hip ratio with the risk of cardiovascular disease among middle-aged Finnish men and women. Eur Heart J, 2004, 25 (24), 2212-2219. DOI: 10.1016/j.ehj.2004.10.020.[Crossref][PubMed]
  • Goh, V. H. H., Tain, C. F., Tong, T. Y. Y., Mok, H. P. P., Wong, M. T., Are BMI and other anthropometric measures appropriate as indices for obesity? A study in an Asian population. J Lipid Res, 2004, 45 (10), 1892-1898. DOI: 10.1194/jlr.M400159-JLR200.[Crossref]
  • Lean, M. E. J., Han, T. S., Seidell, J. C., Impairment of health and quality of life in people with large waist circumference. Lancet, 1998, 351 (9106), 853-856. DOI: 10.1016/S0140-6736(97)10004-6.[Crossref]
  • Friedewald, W. T., Levy, R. I., Fredrickson, D. S., Estimation of the concentration of low-density lipoprotein cholesterol in plasma without use of preparative ultracentrifuge. Clin Chem, 1972, 18 (6), 499-502.[PubMed]
  • Lu, W., Resnick, H. E., Jablonski, K. A., Jones, K. L., Jain, A. K., Howard, W. J. et al., Non-HDL cholesterol as a predictor of cardiovascular disease in type 2 diabetes. The strong heart study Diabetes Care, 2003, 26 (1), 16-23. DOI: 10.2337/diacare.26.1.16.[Crossref][PubMed]
  • Tuomilehto, J., Marti, B., Kartovaara, L., Korhonen, H. J., Pietnen, P., Body fat distribution, serum lipoproteins and blood pressure in middle-aged Finnish men and women. Rev Epidemiol Sante Publique, 1990, 38, 507-515.[PubMed]
  • Ricciardi, R., Metter, E. J., Cavanaugh, E. W., Ghambaryan, A., Talbot, L. A., Predicting cardiovascular risk using measures of regional and total body fat. Appl Nurs Res, 2009, 22 (1), 2-9. DOI: 10.1016/j.apnr.2007.01.011.[PubMed][WoS][Crossref]
  • Glaner, M. F., Secular trend of physical growth and body mass index in schoolchildren [in Portuguese]. Rev Min Educ Fis, 1998, 6, 59-69.
  • Glaner, M. F. Health-related physical fitness of rural and urban adolescents in relation to the reference criteria [in Portuguese]. Rev Bras Educ Fís Esp, 2005, 16, 13-24.
  • Sandowski, S. A., What is the ideal body weight? Family Practice, 2000, 17 (4), 348-351. DOI: 10.1093/fampra/17.4.348.[PubMed][Crossref]
  • Gallagher, D., Visser, M., Sepúlveda, D., Pierson, R. N., Harris, T., Heymsfield, S. B., How useful is body mass index for comparison of body fatness across age, sex, and ethnic groups? Am J Epidemiol, 1996, 143 (3), 228-239.[PubMed][Crossref]
  • Zhu, S., Heshka, S., Wang, Z., Shen, W., Allison, D. B., Ross, R. et al., Combination of BMI and waist circumference for identifying cardiovascular risk factors in whites. Obes Res, 2004, 12 (4), 633-645. DOI: 10.1038/oby.2004.73.[PubMed][Crossref]
  • Boorsma, W., Snijder, M. B., Nijpels, G., Guidone, C., Favuzzi, A. M. R., Mingrone, G. et al., Body composition, insulin sensitivity, and cardiovascular disease profile in healthy Europeans. Obesity, 2008, 16 (12), 2696-2701. DOI:10.1038/oby.2008.433.[WoS][Crossref]
  • Sironi, A. M., Gastaldelli, A., Mari, A., Ciociaro, D., Postano, V., Buzzigoli, E. et al., Visceral fat in hypertension: influence on insulin resistance and beta-cell function. Hypertension, 2004, 44 (2), 127-133. DOI: 10.1161/01.HYP.0000137982.10191.0a.[Crossref][PubMed]
  • Després, J. P., Cardiovascular disease under the influence of excess visceral fat. Crit Pathw Cardiol, 2007, 6 (2), 51-59. DOI: 10.1097/HPC.0b013e318057d4c9.[Crossref][PubMed]
  • Mansur, A. P., Favarato, D., Souza, M. F. M., Avakian, S. D., Aldrighi, J. M., César, L. A. M. et al., Trends in death for circulatory diseases in Brazil between 1979 and 1996. Arq Bras Cardiol, 2001, 76 (6), 504-510. DOI: 10.1590/S0066-782X2001000600007.[Crossref]

Document Type

Publication order reference


YADDA identifier

JavaScript is turned off in your web browser. Turn it on to take full advantage of this site, then refresh the page.