PL EN


Preferences help
enabled [disable] Abstract
Number of results
Journal
2010 | 11 | 1 | 5-10
Article title

What Influences Race Performance in Male Open-Water Ultra-Endurance Swimmers: Anthropometry or Training?

Content
Title variants
Languages of publication
EN
Abstracts
EN
Purpose. We investigated the relationship between selected variables of anthropometry and training with race performance during a 26.4 km open-water ultra-endurance swim at 23°C in male master ultra-swimmers. Basic procedures. Fifteen non-professional male open-water ultra-endurance swimmers who were (mean ± SD) 40.0 (8.2) years of age with 83.7 (10.3) kg body mass, 1.80 (0.08) m body height and a BMI of 25.5 (2.5) kg/m2 finished the race within the time limit. Body mass, percent body fat, thickness of 7 skin folds, body height, length of arm, and length of leg were measured prior to race. The number of years as active swimmer, average weekly training volume in hours and kilometres and average speed in training were recorded. The variables were then correlated to total race time. Main findings. Study participants had mean finish times of 551 (100) min and an average speed of 3.0 (0.5) km/h. Speed in swimming during training was the only variable related to total race time (r = -0.66, p = 0.0037) whereas none of the other investigated variables showed an association. Conclusions. We conclude that anthropometry was not related to race performance in these male ultra-endurance swimmers whereas speed in training showed a moderate association with total race time.
Publisher

Journal
Year
Volume
11
Issue
1
Pages
5-10
Physical description
Dates
published
1 - 6 - 2010
online
30 - 7 - 2010
Contributors
author
  • Gesundheitszentrum St. Gallen, St. Gallen, Switzerland
  • Gesundheitszentrum St. Gallen, St. Gallen, Switzerland
  • Institute of General Practice and for Health Services Research, University of Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland
References
  • Zampagni, M. L., Casino, D., Benelli, P., Visani, A., Marcacci, M., De Vito, G., Anthropometric and strength variables to predict freestyle performance times in elite master swimmers. J Strength Cond Res, 2008, 22 (4), 1298-1307. DOI: 10.1519/JSC.0b013e31816a597b.[PubMed][Crossref][WoS]
  • Siders, W. A., Lukaski, H. C., Bolonchuk, W. W., Relationships among swimming performance, body composition and somatotype in competitive collegiate swimmers. J Sports Med Phys Fitness, 1993, 33 (2), 166-171.
  • Tuuri, G., Loftin, M., Oescher, J., Association of swim distance and age with body composition in adult female swimmers. Med Sci Sports Exerc, 2002, 34 (12), 2110-2114.[Crossref][PubMed]
  • Geladas, N. D., Nassis, G. P., Pavlicevic, S., Somatic and physical traits affecting sprint swimming performance in young swimmers. Int J Sports Med, 2005, 26 (2), 139-144. DOI: 10.1055/s-2004-817862.[PubMed][Crossref]
  • Anderson, M., Hopkins, W., Roberts, A., Pyne, D., Ability of test measures to predict competitive performance in elite swimmers. J Sports Sci, 2008, 26 (2), 123-130. DOI: 10.1080/02640410701348669.[Crossref]
  • Jagomagi, G., Jurimae, T., The influence of anthropometrical and flexibility parameters on the results of breaststroke swimming. Anthropol Anz, 2005, 63 (2), 213-219.[PubMed]
  • Costill, D. L., Thomas, R., Robergs, R. A., Pascoe, D., Lambert, C., Barr, S. et al., Adaptations to swimming training: influence of training volume. Med Sci Sports Exerc, 1991, 23 (3), 371-377.
  • Stewart, A. M., Hopkins, W. G., Seasonal training and performance of competitive swimmers. J Sports Sci, 2000, 18 (11), 873-884. DOI: 10.1080/026404100750017805.[Crossref]
  • Faude, O., Meyer, T., Scharhag, J., Weins, F., Urhausen, A., Kindermann, W., Volume vs. intensity in the training of competitive swimmers. Int J Sports Med, 2008, 29 (11), 906-912. DOI: 10.1055/s-2008-1038377.[Crossref][PubMed]
  • Raglin, J. S., Koceja, D. M., Stager, J. M., Harms, C. A., Mood, neuromuscular function, and performance during training in female swimmers. Med Sci Sports Exerc, 1996, 28 (3), 372-377.[PubMed]
  • VanHeest, J. L., Mahoney, C. E., Herr, L., Characteristics of elite open-water swimmers. J Strength Cond Res, 2004, 18 (2), 302-305.[WoS][PubMed]
  • Pugh, L. G. C., Edholm, O. G., The physiology of channel swimmers. Lancet, 1955, 266 (6893), 761-768. DOI: 10.1016/S0140-6736(55)92454-5.[Crossref]
  • Keatinge, W. R., Khartchenko, M., Lando, N., Lioutov, V., Hypothermia during sports swimming in water below 11 degrees C. Br J Sports Med, 2001, 35 (5), 352-353. DOI:10.1136/bjsm.35.5.352.
  • Knechtle, B., Knechtle, P., Kohler, G., No correlation of anthropometry and race performance in ultra-endurance swimmers at a 12-hours swim. Anthropol Anz, 2008, 66 (1), 73-79.
  • Ball, S. D., Altena, T. S., Swan, P. D., Comparison of anthropometry to DXA: a new prediction equation for men. Eur J Clin Nutr, 2004, 58 (11), 1525-1531. DOI: 10.1038/sj.ejcn.1602003.[Crossref][PubMed]
  • Becque, M. D., Katch, V. L., Moffatt, R. J., Time course of skinplus-fat compression in males and females. Hum Biol, 1986, 58 (1), 33-42.[PubMed]
  • Girold, S., Maurin, D., Dugué B., Chatard, J. C., Millet, G., Effects of dry-land vs. resisted- and assisted-sprint exercises on swimming sprint performances. J Strength Cond Res, 2007, 21 (2), 599-605.
  • Trewin, C. B., Hopkins, W. G., Pyne, D. B., Relationship between world-ranking and Olympic performance of swimmers. J Sports Sci, 2004, 22 (4), 339-345. DOI: 10.1080/02640410310001641610.[Crossref]
  • Wallace, L. K., Slattery, K. M., Coutts, A. J., The ecological validity and application of the session-RPE method for quantifying training loads in swimming. J Strength Cond Res, 2009, 23 (1), 33-38. DOI: 10.1519/JSC.0b013e3181874512.[Crossref][WoS][PubMed]
  • Sekulić D., Zenić N., Zubcević N. G., Non linear anthropometric predictors in swimming. Coll Antropol, 2007, 31 (3), 803-809.[PubMed]
  • Hatfield, H. S., Pugh, L. G. C., Thermal conductivity of human fat and muscle. Nature, 1951, 168 (4282), 918-919. DOI: 10.1038/168918a0.[Crossref]
Document Type
Publication order reference
Identifiers
YADDA identifier
bwmeta1.element.-psjd-doi-10_2478_v10038-009-0021-3
JavaScript is turned off in your web browser. Turn it on to take full advantage of this site, then refresh the page.