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2009 | 10 | 2 | 126-129

Article title

Effects of Strength Training on Physical Capacities of the Disabled with Cervical Spine Injuries


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Purpose. The aim of the study was to assess the effects of strength training on the physical capacities of disabled persons with cervical spine injuries. Basic procedures. The study sample consisted of four disabled subjects with C4-C6 cervical spine injury, who were active Paralympic athletes (one swimmer and three wheelchair rugby players) from the Foundation of Active Rehabilitation. The study was carried out over a period of 15 months. The Biodex System 3 Pro isokinetic dynamometer and an arm cycloergometer were used for measurements. The measurements of muscle torques at the shoulder joint were carried out at 8-week intervals using the Biodex dynamometer. Main findings. The test results revealed a correlation between the body's physical endurance and strength capacities of subjects with cervical spine injuries. The "Upperton" strength training equipment modified for tetraplegics allowed maximal loading of the disabled athletes' shoulder girdle. Conclusions. Strength training improves the maximal force of arms in tetraplegics and positively affects their physical endurance. Tetraplegics can take advantage of strength training only by using hand-fixed weights, due to the limited function of arm flexors, including the greatly reduced hand gripping function. Strength training is an indispensable element of rehabilitation of tetraplegics.










Physical description


1 - 12 - 2009
14 - 12 - 2009


  • The Józef Piłsudski University of Physical Education, Warsaw, Poland
  • The Józef Piłsudski University of Physical Education, Warsaw, Poland
  • The Józef Piłsudski University of Physical Education, Warsaw, Poland


  • Glaser R.M., Janssen T.W.J., Suryaprasad A.G., Gupta S.C., Mathews T., The physiology of exercise. [In:] Apple D.F. (ed.) Physical fitness: a guide for individuals with spinal cord injury. Rehabilitation Research and Development Service, Baltimore 1996, 3-23.
  • Dallmeijer A.J., Hopman M.T.E., Van As H.H.J., Van der Woude L.H.V., Physical capacity and physical strain in persons with tetraplegia: the role of sport activity. Spinal Cord, 1996, 34, 729-735.
  • Janssen T.W.J., Van Oers C.A.J.M., Van der Woude L.H.V., Hollander A.P., Physical strain in daily life of wheelchair users with spinal cord injuries. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 1994, 26 (6), 661-670.[Crossref]
  • Morgulec N., Kosmol A., Physical activity in rehabilitation of people with cervical spine injuries [in Polish]. AWF, Warszawa 2008.
  • Stefaniak T., Atlas of general strength exercises [in Polish]. BK, Wrocław 1995.
  • Orzech J., The basics of muscle strength training [in Polish]. Sport i Rehabilitacja, Tarnów 1997.
  • Sozański H., Śledziewski D. (eds.), Training loads - records and data processing [in Polish]. RCMSzKFiS, Warszawa 1995.

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