Full-text resources of PSJD and other databases are now available in the new Library of Science.
Visit https://bibliotekanauki.pl


Preferences help
enabled [disable] Abstract
Number of results


2009 | 10 | 1 | 46-52

Article title

Measurement of Motor Fitness of Students Using the Rowing Ergometer


Title variants

Languages of publication



Purpose. The aim of the study was to develop a mathematical model to determine correlations between selected somatic traits and indoor rowing test results over a distance of 500 m as well as differences in the level of motor fitness of students of the University of Warmia and Mazury in Olsztyn. Material and methods. The research was carried out on a group of 274 full-time UWM students with the aid of Concept II Indoor Rower. The analysis concerned the effects of students' body weight and body height, year of study and the time required to cover the distance of 500 m during an indoor rowing test. Analysis of variance and regression analysis with stepwise elimination of the polynomial degree and form were used. Results. Only 15 subjects (5.5% of the sample) achieved the highest level of motor fitness, i.e. covered the distance under 92.7 s. A mathematical model describing the effects of decisive variables on the dependent variable was a model of regression of multiple variables of the 2nd degree. The exogenous variables were subjects' body height and body weight. Conclusions. The proposed mathematical model of regression of multiple variables of the 2nd degree can be useful for selection of individuals with predispositions to practice rowing at the academic and recreational levels. The proposed method of mathematical model development should be regarded as an algorithm for other, more versatile models involving additional variables.










Physical description


1 - 6 - 2009
8 - 6 - 2009


  • Chair of Heavy Duty Machines and Separation Processes, University of Warmia and Mazury, Olsztyn, Poland
  • Study Center for Physical Education and Sport, University of Warmia and Mazury, Olsztyn, Poland
  • Chair of Heavy Duty Machines and Separation Processes, University of Warmia and Mazury, Olsztyn, Poland


  • Szopa J., Mleczko E., Żak S., The rudiments of anthropomotorics [in Polish]. PWN, Warszawa-Kraków 1996.
  • Chwała W., Mirek W., Mleczko E., Ruchlewicz T., The influence of an individual model of racewalker's legs on the range of upper body movements [in Polish]. Antropomotoryka, 2005, 30, 31-38.
  • Litkowycz R., Zając A., Waśkiewicz Z., Ontogenetic variability of morphostructural predispositions of basketball players at various levels of sports training [in Polish]. Antropomotoryka, 2005, 30, 39-45.
  • Ziółkowska A., Body build of military air pilots [in Polish]. Wych Fiz i Sport, 1995, 3, 13-20.
  • Crielaard J.M., Pirnay F., Anaerobic and aerobic power of top athletes. Eur J Appl Physiol, 1981, 47(3), 295-300. DOI: 10.1007/BF00422475.[Crossref]
  • Dotan R., Bar-Or O., Load optimization for the Wingate anaerobic test. Eur J Appl Physiol, 1983, 51(3), 409-417. DOI: 10.1007/BF00429077.[Crossref]
  • Nowacka-Chiari E., Morphological diversity of boys and girls training jumps [in Polish]. Wych Fiz i Sport, 1988, 2, 97-13.
  • Karolkiewicz J., Szcześniak Ł., Comparative analysis of reduced glutathione (GSH) in red blood cells and thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARS) in blood plasma of rowers in four periods of the annual training cycle [in Polish]. Medicina Sportiva, 2001, 5(2), 79-88.
  • Wieczorek W., Witkowski M., Motor fitness and body build changes in young swimmers [in Polish]. Wych Fiz i Sport, 1990, 3, 17-26.
  • Wujciak A., Indoor rowing championships [in Polish] Wiadomości Uniwersyteckie UWM, 2005, 2 (69), 27.
  • Podstawski R., Choszcz D., Wysocka-Welanc M., The impact of body height and body weight on the ergometer split [in Polish]. Antropomotoryka, 2006; 34, 69-76.
  • Przewęda R, Trzesniowski R., Physical fitness of Polish youth according to 1989 research studies [in Polish]. AWF, Warszawa 1996, 20-22.
  • Zambroń-Łacny A., Szyszka K., Disturbance of pro-oxidative/antioxidative balance during a 2000 m indoor rowing test [in Polish]. Medicina Sportiva, 2002, 6(2), 29.
  • Greń J., Mathematical statistics. Models and exercises [in Polish]. PWN, Warszawa 1974.
  • Mikołajczak J., Mathematical statistics with WinStat on CD [in Polish]. UWM, Olsztyn 2001.
  • Stanisz A., Practical course in statistics with STATISTICA PL using examples from medicine. Volume II [in Polish]. StatSoft Polska, Kraków 2000.
  • Stanisz A., Practical course in statistics with STATISTICA PL using examples from medicine [in Polish]. StatSoft Polska, Kraków 2001.
  • Ronikier A., Physiology of sport [in Polish]. COS, Warszawa 2001, 39-40.
  • Szopa J., Structure of motor abilities: identification and measurement [in Polish]. Antropomotoryka, 1998, 18, 79-86.
  • Rowing: Rowing - FISA basic course (II). Physiological basics of rowing [in Polish]. Sport Wyczynowy, 1991, 11-12, 56-60.
  • Wojcieszak I., Burke E., Michael E., Puchow M., Physiological and mechanical aspects of anaerobic exercise of various duration [in Polish]. Wych Fiz i Sport, 1981, 24, 100-106.
  • Raczek J., Structuralization and classification of human motor function. In: Osiński W. (ed.), Human motor function: structure, variability, conditions [in Polish]. AWF, Poznań 1993, 310, 63-80.
  • Steinacker J.M., Secher N.H., Advances in physiology and biomechanics of rowing. Int J Sports Med, 1993, 14 (Suppl. 1), S-S2.[Crossref][PubMed]
  • Szopa J., Structure of human motor function: a revision [in Polish] Antropomotoryka, 1993, 10, 217-227.
  • Heyward V.H., Advanced fitness assessment exercise prescription. (3rd ed.). Human Kinetics, Champaign 1997.
  • Wuest D.A., Bucher C.A., Foundations of physical education and sport (11th ed.). Mosby Year Book Inc, St. Louis 1991.
  • Pilicz S., Measurement of general physical fitness [in Polish]. AWF, Warszawa 1997, 16.
  • Osiński W., Anthropomotorics [in Polish]. AWF, Poznań 2003, 162-163.

Document Type

Publication order reference


YADDA identifier

JavaScript is turned off in your web browser. Turn it on to take full advantage of this site, then refresh the page.